Puyehue Lake

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Puyehue Lake
View of the lake with Puyehue volcano in the background
Coordinates 40°41′01″S 72°27′46″W / 40.68361°S 72.46278°W / -40.68361; -72.46278Coordinates: 40°41′01″S 72°27′46″W / 40.68361°S 72.46278°W / -40.68361; -72.46278
Primary inflows Gol-Gol River
Primary outflows Pilmaiquén River
Catchment area 1,267 km2 (489 sq mi)
Basin countries Chile
Max. length 23 km (14 mi)
Max. width 11.5 km (7.1 mi)
Surface area 157 km2 (61 sq mi)[1]
Max. depth 123 m (404 ft)[2]
Water volume 12.6 km3 (10,200,000 acre·ft)[2]
Surface elevation 212 m (696 ft)[1]
Islands Fresia Island, Cuicui Islands
Settlements Entre Lagos
References [1]

Puyehue Lake (Spanish pronunciation: [puˈjewe]), Mapudungun: puye, small fish and hue, place is an Andean piedmont lake located in the border of Los Lagos Region with Los Ríos Region of Chile. Puyehue is a lake of glacial origin, several times during the pleistocene glaciations the lake depression was occupied by a large glacier lobe of the Patagonian Ice Sheet forming thus a series of moraines along its western shores. The lake has an east-west elongated shape with Fresia Island in the middle and two minor peninsulas pointing toward the island, one from the north and one from the south. The lake has remarkably smooth coasts with only one inlet of significance; the Futacullín Bay on the south.[1]

As most other lakes of southern Chile, Puyehue Lake acts as a sediment trap for material from the Andes. Sediment cores taken from Puyehue Lake in 2001 and 2002 have been interpreted as supporting the existence of the Little Ice Age in the Southern Hemisphere.[3] A longer sediment core from the same site was used to reconstruct the evolution of the lake and its drainage basin during the last 18,000 years.[4][5][6]

The 2011 Puyehue eruption polluted the waters of Nilahue and Golgol rivers, killing fishes. Pyroclastic material reached Puyehue Lake through river transport, which resulted in the deposition of a layer of volcanic ash at the bottom of the lake.[7][8]

Topography of the region. The Puyehue-Cordón Caulle massif is located between Ranco and Puyehue Lake

In the 16th century the lake was known to the Spanish as Llobén, from the Huilliche word of llofën meaning "abundant and contineous rain".[9]


  1. ^ a b c d Cuenca del río Bueno
  2. ^ a b Campos, H., Steffen, W., Agüero, G., Parra, O., Zúñiga, L., 1989. Estudios limnologicos en el Lago Puyehue (Chile): morfometria, factores fisicos y quimicos, plancton y productividad primaria. Medio Ambiente 10, 36–53.
  3. ^ Bertrand, Sébastien (2005). "Temporal evolution of sediment supply in Lago Puyehue (Southern Chile) during the last 600 yr and its climatic significance". Quaternary Research. 64 (2): 163–175. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2005.06.005. 
  4. ^ De Batist, Marc; Fagel, Nathalie; Loutre, Marie-France; Chapron, Emmanuel (2007). "A 17,900-year multi-proxy lacustrine record of Lago Puyehue (Chilean Lake District): introduction". Journal of Paleolimnology. 39: 151–161. doi:10.1007/s10933-007-9113-2. 
  5. ^ Bertrand, Sébastien; Sterken, Mieke; Vargas-Ramirez, Lourdes; De Batist, Marc; Vyverman, Wim; Lepoint, Gilles; Fagel, Nathalie (2010). "Bulk organic geochemistry of sediments from Puyehue Lake and its watershed (Chile, 40°S): Implications for paleoenvironmental reconstructions". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 294 (1–2): 56–71. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2009.03.012. 
  6. ^ Moernaut, Jasper; De Batist, Marc; Charlet, Francois; Heirman, Katrien; Chapron, Emmanuel; Pino, Mario; Brümmer, Robert; Urrutia, Roberto (2007). "Giant earthquakes in South-Central Chile revealed by Holocene mass-wasting events in Lake Puyehue". Sedimentary Geology. 195 (3–4): 239–256. doi:10.1016/j.sedgeo.2006.08.005. 
  7. ^ Lago Puyehue tiene 10 centímetros de piedra pómez en el fondo tras erupción, Austral de Osorno, 2 de diciembre de 2014.
  8. ^ Bertrand, Sébastien; Daga, Romina; Bedert, Robin; Fontijn, Karen (2014). "Deposition of the 2011-2012 Cordón Caulle tephra (Chile, 40°S) in lake sediments: Implications for tephrochronology and volcanology". Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface. 119: 2555–2573. doi:10.1002/2014JF003321. 
  9. ^ Bernales Lillo, Mario (1984). "Aspectos diacrónicos en la toponimia de Valdivia". Anales de la Universidad de Chile (in Spanish). 5 (5): 79–94.