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Puyo Puyo

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Puyo Puyo
  • Compile (1991–2000)
  • Sega (1992–present)
Creator(s)Kazunari Yonemitsu
First releasePuyo Puyo
October 25, 1991
Latest releasePuyo Puyo Puzzle Pop
April 4, 2024
Parent seriesMadō Monogatari

Puyo Puyo (ぷよぷよ), previously known as Puyo Pop outside Japan, is a series of tile-matching video games created by Compile. Sega has owned the franchise since 1998, with games after 2001 being developed by Sonic Team. Puyo Puyo was created as a spin-off franchise to Madō Monogatari (Sorcery Saga), a series of first-person dungeon crawler role-playing games by Compile from which the Puyo Puyo characters originated. The series has sold over 10 million copies, including the Madō Monogatari games.


Generally, the objective of Puyo Puyo games is to defeat the opponent by causing the third column from the left of their side of the screen to become filled with Puyo. Puyo are round, slime-like creatures that, in most variations of the game, fall from the top of the screen in groups of two, three, and four. The pieces can be moved, dropped, and rotated as they fall. The piece falls until it reaches another Puyo or the bottom of the screen.[1] When four or more Puyo of the same color line up adjacent to each other, the Puyo will connect to each other, "Pop", and disappear. Puyo of the same color can connect horizontally or vertically, but not diagonally.[1]

The Puyo above those that are cleared fall onto other pieces or the bottom of the screen. Simultaneous Pops (同時消し, simultaneous erasing) are created when more than one group is formed at a time.[1]

A Chain is made when falling Puyo cause a new group of Puyo to Pop, making a chain reaction. When a Chain is achieved, Garbage Puyo, or Ojama Puyo (お邪魔ぷよ, hindrance Puyo) are sent to either clog the opponent's screen or to cancel out (offset, 相殺) the Garbage Puyo sent by the opponent. Garbage Puyo are translucent pieces that disappear when Puyo are popped next to them. If multiple groups of Puyo are cleared in succession due to a chain, the amount of Garbage Puyo will increase based solely on the number of steps in the chain. Garbage Puyo are cached above the opponent's playing field, and do not fall until the attacker's chain concludes, and then the defender puts down a piece. Garbage Puyo block the opponents' playing fields, and can cause them to lose if one is placed the third spot from the left in the top row.[1]


Release timeline
1991Puyo Puyo
1993Nazo Puyo
Nazo Puyo 2
1994Nazo Puyo: Arle no Roux
Puyo Puyo 2
1995Super Nazo Puyo: Rulue no Roux
1996Super Nazo Puyo 2: Rulue no Tetsuwan Hanjōki
Puyo Puyo Sun
1998Wakuwaku Puyo Puyo Dungeon
1999Puyo Puyo~n
Puyo Puyo Gaiden: Puyo Wars
Puyo Puyo Da!
2000Arle no Bōken: Mahō no Jewel
Puyo Puyo Box
2001Minna de Puyo Puyo
2003Puyo Puyo Fever
2004Puyo Puyo DX
2005Puyo Puyo Fever 2
2006Puyo Puyo! 15th Anniversary
2009Puyo Puyo 7
2011Puyo Puyo!! 20th Anniversary
2013Puyopuyo!! Quest
Puyopuyo!! Quest Arcade
2014Puyo Puyo Tetris
2016Puyo Puyo Chronicle
2018Puyo Puyo Champions
2020Puyo Puyo Tetris 2
2024Puyo Puyo Puzzle Pop

Compile games[edit]

Title screenshot from the MSX2 version of the original game.

The first Puyo Puyo game was developed by Compile and released in 1991 for the MSX2 and Family Computer Disk System; the latter release was published by Tokuma Shoten as a pack-in for their Famimaga magazine. The puzzle game features characters from the 1990 role-playing video game Madō Monogatari 1-2-3, also developed by Compile. The game includes "Endless" mode, where the player attempts to amass a large score, "Mission" mode, where the player is given a pre-configured board and must attempt to satisfy conditions, and a two-player competitive mode.[2]

Compile and Sega collaborated to create an arcade version of Puyo Puyo. It was released in October 1992 for Sega's System C2 hardware.[2] Unlike the previous release, the game focuses on competitive play; the single-player mode consists of a gauntlet consisting of either 3, 10, or 13 computer opponents, while the multiplayer mode allows two human players to battle each other. The game was ported to several major platforms in Japan, with the Mega Drive becoming a bestseller.[3]

The game was followed by Puyo Puyo 2 in September 1994, also released for Sega System C2.[4] Puyo Puyo 2 adds the ability to counter the opponent's chains; additionally, it changes the single-player gauntlet from a linear structure to a roulette-based structure that requires the player to pass certain score thresholds to advance. Like its predecessor, Puyo Puyo 2 was released on a variety of home platforms. In 2004, it was included in the Sega Ages 2500 line of PlayStation 2 games.[5]

Puyo Puyo Sun, released in 1996 for the Sega Titan Video arcade hardware, adds a "Sun Puyo" mechanic that allows the player to send extra garbage to opponents. Puyo Puyo~n, released in 1999 for the Dreamcast, adds character-specific powers that assist the player in clearing Puyo. Compile's final Puyo Puyo game, Puyo Puyo Box, includes ports of the first two arcade games alongside original content.[1]

Compile released a variety of spin-off titles on home consoles, handhelds, and through their Disc Station disk magazine. The Nazo Puyo series expands on the original Puyo Puyo's Mission mode, with the Nazo Puyo: Arle no Roux for Game Gear in 1994, Super Nazo Puyo: Rulue no Roux for Super Famicom in 1995 and Super Nazo Puyo 2: Rulue no Tetsuwan Hanjōki for Super Famicom in 1996 introducing role-playing elements. Other notable spin-offs include the roguelike Wakuwaku Puyo Puyo Dungeon (1998, Sega Saturn and PlayStation), Puyo Puyo Da! dancing game (1998, arcade and Dreamcast), and Arle no Bōken: Mahō no Jewel monster-collecting role-playing game (2000, Game Boy Color).[6]

Sonic Team-developed games[edit]

Sonic Team's first Puyo Puyo game was Minna de Puyo Puyo for the Game Boy Advance, released in Japan in 2001 and elsewhere in 2002 as Puyo Pop. It is one of three games named Puyo Pop.[7]

Sega released Puyo Pop Fever on November 26, 2003, for their NAOMI arcade hardware. The game features a mostly new set of characters, alongside new gameplay mechanics such as Fever Mode. Like its arcade predecessors, Fever was ported to many platforms; the Dreamcast version notably serves as Sega's final first party video game. A direct sequel, Puyo Puyo Fever 2 was released in 2005. Fever 2 added more characters and an expanded single-player mode. Puyo Puyo 7, released in 2009, adds a third protagonist and includes a new "Transformation" gameplay system.[8]

In addition, games celebrating Puyo Puyo's 15th and 20th Anniversary were released. Puyo Puyo! 15th Anniversary (2006) includes more than ten gameplay rulesets, including the rules of the first Puyo Puyo, Puyo Puyo 2, and Puyo Puyo Fever, reintroduces characters that were absent from the series since Minna de Puyo Puyo, and gives every character in the game a single-player story. Puyo Puyo!! 20th Anniversary (2011) adds even more rulesets, such as Sun rules.[citation needed]

Puyo Puyo Tetris and Puyo Puyo Tetris 2, released in 2014 and 2020, includes both Puyo Puyo and Tetris gameplay.[9]

Puyo Puyo!! Quest is a free-to-play role-playing game released for iOS and Android in 2013. Sega has claimed that the game is a major success, and stated that the game has reached 11 million downloads and a monthly income of over 500 million yen (approx. US$4 million, using February 20, 2015 exchange rates) as of February 2015.[10]

Puyo Puyo was a mini-game in Hatsune Miku: Project Mirai Deluxe/DX in 2015.[11] In game, this was called Puyo Puyo 39.[12]

Puyo Puyo Chronicle was released on December 8, 2016, in Japan for Nintendo 3DS, as part of the original Puyo Puyo game's 25th anniversary with no plans for localization, despite the demand for it. Unlike the other anniversary games, it features a role-playing game mode, although the classic rules are also included, and features a new character named Ally.[13]

Puyo Puyo Champions (named Puyo Puyo eSports in Japan), a digital title with an emphasis on eSports tournament play, was released for PlayStation 4 and Nintendo Switch on October 25, 2018, in Japan. It was released in North America and Europe on May 7, 2019.[14]

International releases[edit]

The 1992 arcade Puyo Puyo was translated to English with character name changes and minor visual changes to Harpy, renamed Dark Elf, character's skit. Sega added this version into their Sega Ages port on Nintendo Switch.[15] The Game Gear version of the 1992 arcade game, when played on non-Japanese Game Gears, plays a similar version titled Puzlow Kids; however, the Game Gear version was never released outside Japan.

Instead of directly translating the Mega Drive version of the 1992 arcade game, Sega decided to replace the Madou Monogatari cast with villains from the Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog animated television series. The resulting game, Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine, was released in 1993, along with a Game Gear version adapted from Nazo Puyo. Nintendo followed suit in 1995, modifying Super Puyo Puyo into Kirby's Avalanche (Kirby's Ghost Trap in Europe), featuring Kirby characters. Spectrum HoloByte also released a Puyo Puyo title for Microsoft Windows 3.1 and the Macintosh in August 1995, under the name Qwirks.[16]

The next localized release was in 1999, when the Neo Geo Pocket Color port of Puyo Puyo 2 was released in English as Puyo Pop. Unlike the arcade translation, most characters kept their original names; only the character Satan retained his English arcade title of the Dark Prince. [citation needed] After the Game Boy Advance Puyo Pop, Puyo Pop Fever saw a worldwide release, with North America receiving the GameCube and Nintendo DS versions and Europe receiving it on the majority of platforms it came out on. [citation needed] Finally, the Mega Drive version of Puyo Puyo 2 was released, untranslated, on the Wii's Virtual Console as an import title and the arcade version of Puyo Puyo 2 is included in Sega 3D Classics Collection. [citation needed] Also the N-Gage Puyo Pop was released worldwide in 2003. [citation needed] As the game Hatsune Miku: Project Mirai Deluxe/DX was released worldwide, consequently also its Puyo Puyo mini-game saw release outside Japan. Sonic Runners ran a collaboration event with Puyo Puyo!! Quest in July 2015. [citation needed]

Puyo Puyo Tetris was released overseas on the Nintendo Switch and the PlayStation 4 in Q2 2017.[17] This marks the first time a localized Puyo Puyo game was marketed overseas under its original name.

Other releases[edit]

The 1995 video game Timon & Pumbaa's Jungle Games, developed by 7th Level and published by Disney Interactive for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS, features a variation of Puyo Puyo titled Bug Drop, in which Puyos are replaced by bugs.[18] This version was also released separately as Timon & Pumbaa's Bug Drop in 1998 as part of Disney's Hot Shots series of PC games.

2003's Billy Hatcher and the Giant Egg features an unlockable Puyo Pop minigame, which requires the use of the GameCube – Game Boy Advance link cable to download the minigame to a Game Boy Advance.[19]

In July 2005, Bandai released Kidou Gekidan Haro Ichiza: Haro no Puyo Puyo (機動劇団はろ一座 ハロのぷよぷよ) (lit. "Mobile Theatrical Company Haro: Haro's Puyo Puyo") in Japan for the GBA.[20] It is based on the Mobile Suit Gundam anime series and presented in the style of the SD Gundam series. In this game, Puyo are replaced by Gundam's mascot, Haro.

A new mobile game, Puyo!! Touch, was released for iOS and Android devices on November 26, 2015,[21] but the service was shutdown on November 30, 2016, citing lackluster performance in the market.[22]

A fan game, Puyo Puyo VS, was released for Microsoft Windows and focuses on multiplayer battles.[23]

Sonic Mania (2017) contains a Puyo Puyo minigame as a boss battle in the Chemical Plant Zone and as an unlockable mode, directly referencing Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine. Director Christian Whitehead considered it the most "complex" boss fight for them to develop.[24][25]

Puyo Puyo is playable via in-game arcade machines in Yakuza 6 and the PlayStation 4 version of Judgment.[26]

An Apple Arcade exclusive title for iOS, macOS and tvOS, Puyo Puyo Puzzle Pop was released on the 4th of April 2024.[27] It was deceloped by h.a.n.d..[28]


Puyo Puyo was originally conceived by Compile employee and Sting Entertainment founder Kazunari Yonemitsu. Yonemitsu felt that the puzzle games at the time had "weak" characters and thus decided to create a puzzle game using characters from Compile's Madou Monogatari RPG series. The success of Street Fighter II influenced Puyo Puyo's focus on competitive gameplay, with Yonemitsu trying out many mechanics in an attempt to recapture the fighting game's competitive nature.[29]

In March 1998, Sega obtained the rights to the Puyo Puyo series and its characters from Compile, while Compile continued to develop and publish Puyo Puyo games, even on platforms that Sega was competing against. These games include Sega in their copyright information.[30][31][32] Prior to assuming full development duties for the franchise, Sega ported Puyo Puyo 2 to the WonderSwan.


Sega Sammy reported in 2022 that the sum of games sold, downloads of free-to-play titles, registered IDs totaled 37.7 million.[33] This figure does not account for units sold prior to Sega's acquisition of the series. However, the series' sales numbers without the free-to-play titles and registered IDs totals to at least over 10 million, including games from the Compile era of the series.[34]

Other media[edit]

For the franchise's 24th anniversary, a stage play adaptation titled Puyo Puyo On Stage ran from May 2–6, 2015, in Japan.[35]


  1. ^ a b c d e Tamer Koh (June 24, 2013). "Here's How You Play Puyo Puyo Folks~". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 20, 2021. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "ぷよぷよ(アーケード版) - セガ Wii(R) バーチャルコンソール公式サイト". Vc.sega.jp. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  3. ^ Official Japanese Mega Drive sales chart, September 1993, published in Mega (magazine) issue 12, page 12
  4. ^ "ぷよぷよ通(アーケード版) - セガ Wii(R) バーチャルコンソール公式サイト". Vc.sega.jp. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  5. ^ "SEGA AGES 2500 シリーズ Vol.12 ぷよぷよ通 パーフェクト・セット|ソフトウェアカタログ|プレイステーション® オフィシャルサイト". jp.playstation.com. Retrieved July 17, 2021.
  6. ^ Puyo Puyo Series History, retrieved April 17, 2023
  7. ^ "Puyo Pop Fever". IGN. Retrieved April 17, 2023.
  8. ^ Fun with Transformation Mode - Puyo Puyo 7 (NDS), March 16, 2016, retrieved April 17, 2023
  9. ^ "Puyo Puyo Tetris on video ⊟: You might not need to... - Tiny Cartridge 3DS - Nintendo Switch, 3DS, DS, Wii U, and PS Vita News, Media, & Retro Junk". Tinycartridsge.com. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  10. ^ "Meeting Material" (PDF). Segasammy.co.jpo. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  11. ^ "Puyo Puyo 39! - Puyo Nexus Wiki". puyonexus.com. Retrieved April 17, 2023.
  12. ^ [Hatsune Miku Project mirai 2] Puyo Puyo Minigame Gameplay, December 29, 2013, retrieved April 17, 2023
  13. ^ "Puyo Puyo Chronicles - Puyo Nexus Wiki". Puyonexus.com. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  14. ^ "Sega's Puyo Puyo esports game is coming stateside in May". Polygon. April 23, 2019. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  15. ^ "Sega Ages Puyo Puyo Includes The English Overseas Arcade Version". Siliconera. Curse Media. January 17, 2019. Retrieved July 17, 2021.
  16. ^ "Qwirks for PC - GameFAQs". Gamefaqs.com. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  17. ^ Romano, Sal (January 13, 2017). "Puyo Puyo Tetris coming west for PS4 and Switch this spring - Gematsu". Gemats.comu. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 19, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ Craig Harris (February 26, 2004). "The Ultimate List: Cube Connection". IGN. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  20. ^ "Kidou Gekidan Haro Ichiza: Haro no Puyo Puyo for Game Boy Advance - GameFAQs". Gamefaqs.com. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  21. ^ "Puyo!! Touch announced! The new Puyo smartphone game! Pre-registration available!". Senpaigamer.com. November 12, 2015. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 13, 2015.
  22. ^ "『ぷよぷよ!!タッチ』サービス終了のお知らせ" [Puyopuyo!! Touch Service Termination Notice] (in Japanese). September 30, 2016. Archived from the original on June 14, 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  23. ^ "Puyo Puyo VS". PuyoVS.com. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  24. ^ Dornbush, Jonathon (October 2, 2017). "Sonic Mania Dev on Origins of Easter Eggs, Sega References". IGN. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  25. ^ Ramos, Jeff (December 29, 2017). "Sonic Mania's 'game-changing' boss fight was the highlight of the game". Polygon. Retrieved April 20, 2019. The Mean Bean Machine boss was probably the most complex boss to create, since it was essentially a game within a game
  26. ^ "PS4 Exclusive Yakuza 6 Gets Two Hours of Gameplay: Virtua FIghter 5, Puyo Puyo and Clan Creator". Dualshockers.com. November 20, 2016. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  27. ^ "Apple Arcade launches five fun titles in April, including Puyo Puyo Puzzle Pop, and spatial games Crossy Road Castle and Solitaire Stories for Apple Vision Pro". Apple Newsroom. Apple. Retrieved April 2, 2024.
  28. ^ "開発実績 | 株式会社ハ・ン・ド". Retrieved June 13, 2024.
  29. ^ Sega Ages 2500 Vol 12: Puyo Puyo 2 Perfect Set information card
  30. ^ Compile (1998). Pocket Puyo Puyo Sun, front cover and title screen. "Programmed by Compile. ©Sega Enterprises, LTD."
  31. ^ Compile (2000). Pocket Puyo Puyo~n, title screen. "Developed by Compile 2000. ©Sega Enterprises, LTD."
  32. ^ Compile (2000). Arle no Bouken: Mahou no Jewel, front cover. "©Compile 2000. Characters ©Sega Enterprises, LTD." (Translated)
  33. ^ "Lifetime sales of Sonic the Hedgehog have zoomed past 1.5 billion". October 28, 2022.
  34. ^ https://sites.google.com/site/gamedatalibrary/ https://puyonexus.com/wiki/Puyo_Puyo!_15th_Anniversary#Trivia https://www.ungeek.ph/2023/12/puyo-puyo-tetris-series-surpasses-3-million-units-sega-celebrates-with-discounts/
  35. ^ "パズルゲーム「ぷよぷよ」が舞台になった!? 舞台『ぷよぷよ オンステージ』5月2日(土)より公演決定!". Animate (in Japanese). March 21, 2015. Retrieved February 18, 2021.

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