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The logo utilzed in Puyo Puyo Tetris.
Sonic Team (2001-present)
October 25, 1991
Puyo Puyo eSports|
October 25, 2018
Puyo Puyo (ぷよぷよ), previously marketed under the name Puyo Pop in North America and Europe, is a series of tile-matching video games created by Compile. Sega has owned the franchise since 1998, with most releases after 2001 being developed by Sonic Team. Puyo Puyo was created as a spin off franchise to Madou Monogatari (Story of Sorcery), a series of first-person dungeon crawler RPGs by Compile. The characters from Puyo Puyo originated from Madou Monogatari. As of 2017, Sega Sammy Holdings has reported that the Puyo Puyo franchise has sold a combined total of 25 million units in physical and digital sales since Sega obtained the rights.
|Nazo Puyo 2|
|1994||Nazo Puyo: Arle no Roux|
|Puyo Puyo 2|
|1995||Super Nazo Puyo: Rulue no Roux|
|1996||Super Nazo Puyo 2: Rulue no Tetsuwan Hanjouki|
|Puyo Puyo SUN|
|Puyo Puyo Gaiden: Puyo Wars|
|Puyo Puyo DA!|
|2000||Arle no Bouken: Mahou no Jewel|
|Puyo Puyo BOX|
|2001||Minna de Puyo Puyo|
|2004||Puyo Puyo Fever|
|2005||Puyo Puyo Fever 2|
|2006||Puyo Puyo! 15th Anniversary|
|2009||Puyo Puyo 7|
|2011||Puyo Puyo!! 20th Anniversary|
|Puyopuyo!! Quest Arcade|
|2014||Puyo Puyo Tetris|
|2016||Puyo Puyo Chronicle|
|2018||Puyo Puyo eSports|
The first Puyo Puyo game was developed by Compile and released in 1991 for the MSX2 and Family Computer Disk System; the latter release was published by Tokuma Shoten as a pack-in for their Famimaga magazine. The puzzle game features characters from the 1990 RPG Madou Monogatari 1-2-3, also developed by Compile. The titular gelatinous puzzle pieces, later known as simply Puyo, were Madou Monogatari's equivalent of the Slime monsters from the Dragon Quest game series. The game includes "Endless" mode, where the player attempts to amass a large score, "Mission" mode, where the player is given a pre-configured board and must attempt to satisfy conditions, and a two-player competitive mode.
Compile and Sega collaborated to create an arcade version of Puyo Puyo that released in October 1992 for Sega's System C2 hardware. Unlike the previous release, the game focuses entirely on competitive play; the single-player mode consists of a gauntlet consisting of either 3, 10, or 13 computer opponents, while the multiplayer mode allows two human players to battle each other. The game was ported to several major platforms in Japan, with the Mega Drive becoming a bestseller.
The game was followed by Puyo Puyo 2 in September 1994, also released for Sega System C2. 2 adds the ability to counter the opponent's chains; additionally, it changes the single-player gauntlet from a linear structure to a roulette-based structure that requires the player to pass certain score thresholds to advance. Like its predecessor, 2 was also released on a variety of home platforms. In 2004, it was included in the Sega Ages 2500 line of PlayStation 2 games.
Puyo Puyo Sun, released in 1996 for the Sega Titan Video arcade hardware, adds a "Sun Puyo" mechanic that allows the player to send extra Nuisance to opponents. Puyo Puyo~n, released in 1999 for the Sega Dreamcast, adds character-specific powers that assist the player in clearing Puyo. Compile's final Puyo Puyo game, Puyo Puyo BOX, includes ports of the first two arcade games alongside original content.
Compile also released a variety of spinoff titles on home consoles, handhelds, and through their Disc Station disk magazine. The Nazo Puyo series expands on the original Puyo Puyo's Mission mode, with the 1994 Nazo Puyo: Arle no Roux for Game Gear, 1995 Super Nazo Puyo: Rulue no Roux for Super Famicom and 1996 Super Nazo Puyo 2: Rulue no Tetsuwan Hanjouki for Super Famicom introducing RPG elements. Other notable spinoffs include the roguelike Waku Waku Puyo Puyo Dungeon (1998, Sega Saturn and PlayStation), Puyo Puyo DA! dancing game (1998, Arcade and Dreamcast), and Arle no Bouken: Mahou no Jewel monster-collecting RPG (2000, Game Boy Color).
Sonic Team-developed games
Sonic Team's first Puyo Puyo games was Minna de Puyo Puyo for the Game Boy Advance, released in Japan in 2001 and elsewhere in 2002 as Puyo Pop. It is one of three games named Puyo Pop, the others being the Neo Geo Pocket Color port of 2 and an N-Gage-exclusive game.
Sega released Puyo Pop Fever on November 2003 for their NAOMI arcade hardware. The game features an almost entirely-new set of characters, alongside new gameplay mechanics such as Fever Mode. Like its arcade predecessors, Fever was ported to many platforms; the Dreamcast version notably serves as Sega's final first party video game. A direct sequel, Puyo Puyo Fever 2 was released in 2005. Fever 2 added more characters and an expanded single-player mode. Puyo Puyo 7, released in 2009, adds a third protagonist and includes a new "Transformation" gameplay system.
In addition, games celebrating Puyo Puyo's 15th and 20th Anniversary were released. Puyo Puyo! 15th Anniversary (2006) includes more than ten gameplay rulesets, including the rules of the first Puyo Puyo, 2, and Fever, reintroduces characters that were absent from the series since Minna de Puyo Puyo, and gives every character in the game a single player story. Puyo Puyo!! 20th Anniversary (2011) adds even more rulesets, such as Sun rules.
Puyo Puyo!! Quest is a free-to-play RPG released for iOS and Android in 2013. Sega has claimed that the game is a major success, and stated that the game has reached 11 million downloads and a monthly income of over 500 million yen (approx. $4 million USD, using Feb. 20, 2015 exchange rates) as of February 2015.
Puyo Puyo was a mini-game in Hatsune Miku: Project Mirai Deluxe/DX in 2015. In the mini-game, the Vocaloid you play with has to win against the Vocaloids that you are not playing as currently. Also costumes of Arle and the Dark Prince are unlockable in the mini-game. Technically, the mini-game marks as the first Puyo Puyo game overseas in over a decade.
Puyo Puyo Chronicle was released on December 8, 2016, in Japan for Nintendo 3DS, as part of the original Puyo Puyo game's 25th anniversary with no plans for localization, despite the demand for it. Unlike the other anniversary games, it features an RPG mode, although the classic rules are also included, and features a new character named Ally.
- Madō Monogatari: Episode II Carbuncle – MSX (1989); in Disc Station: Special Christmas Edition, prototype of episode II
- Madō Monogatari 1-2-3 – MSX (1990), PC-9801 (1991); includes three episodes (I, II, III)
- Madō Monogatari I – Game Gear (1993), Mega Drive (1996), PC Engine (1996)
- Madō Monogatari: Hanamaru Daiyōchienji (2D) – Super Famicom (1996); another episode of Madou Monogatari I
- Madō Monogatari II – Game Gear (1994)
- Madō Monogatari III – Game Gear (1994)
- Madō Monogatari I – Game Gear (1993), Mega Drive (1996), PC Engine (1996)
- Madō Monogatari A-R-S – PC-9801 (1993); includes three episodes (Arle, Rulue, Schezo)
- Madō Monogatari A – Game Gear (1995)
- Madō Monogatari: Michikusa Ibun (道草異聞, Loitering around and the Rumor) – PC-9801 (1994); in Disc Station Vol. 3
- Madō Monogatari: Hacha-Mecha Kimatsu Shiken (はちゃめちゃ期末試験, Confused Final Exam) – Windows (1996); in Disc Station Vol. 12
- Madō Monogatari: Madoushi no Tou (魔導師の塔, Magician's Tower) – Windows (1997); in Disc Station Vol. 16
- Mado Jeongi: Elysion e Bimil (엘리시온의 비밀, Secret of Elysion) – Windows (1997); in Disc Station Vol. 5 (Korean version)
- Madō Monogatari (2D) – Saturn (1998)
- Madō Monogatari (Mobile) – i-mode (2005)
The 1992 arcade Puyo Puyo was released in English with character name changes and minor censorship to the Harpy (renamed Dark Elf) character. However, there is little concrete information regarding its release, and it is known mostly through the MAME arcade emulator. The Game Gear port of the 1992 arcade game, when used in a non-Japanese Game Gear, loads a similar version titled Puzlow Kids; however, the Game Gear version never officially left Japan.
Instead of directly translating the Mega Drive version of the 1992 arcade game, Sega decided to replace the Madou Monogatari cast with Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog villains. The resulting game, Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine, was released in 1993. Nintendo followed suit in 1995, modifying Super Puyo Puyo into Kirby's Avalanche (Kirby's Ghost Trap in Europe). Spectrum HoloByte also released a Puyo Puyo title for Microsoft Windows 3.1 and the Macintosh in August 1995, under the name Qwirks.
The next localized release was in 1999, when SNK published the Neo Geo Pocket Color port of Puyo Puyo 2 in English as Puyo Pop. Unlike the arcade translation, most characters kept their original names; only the character Satan retained his English arcade title of the Dark Prince. After the Game Boy Advance Puyo Pop, Puyo Pop Fever saw worldwide release, with North America receiving the GameCube and Nintendo DS versions and Europe receiving it on the majority of platforms it came out on. Finally, the Mega Drive version of 2 was released, untranslated, on the Wii's Virtual Console as an import title and the arcade version of 2 is included in Sega 3D Classics Collection. Also the N-Gage Puyo Pop was released worldwide in 2003. As the game Hatsune Miku: Project Mirai Deluxe/DX was released worldwide, consequently also its Puyo Puyo mini-game saw release also outside Japan. Sonic Runners ran a collaboration event with Puyo Puyo!! Quest in July 2015.
On January 12, 2017, it was announced that Puyo Puyo Tetris would come overseas on the Nintendo Switch and the PlayStation 4 in Q2 2017. This marks the first time a localized Puyo Puyo game was marketed overseas under its original name.
In August 2017, the game Sonic Mania and its July 2018 enhanced remake, Sonic Mania Plus included a canonical version of the Mean Bean Machine from Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine as the boss of the Chemical Plant Zone, which acts as a minigame version of Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine, which must be beaten in order to progress.  It's also possible to unlock a standalone version of the minigame. 
English-patched ROMs of various games in the series (including the NES version of Puyo Puyo, the Super Famicom version of Puyo Puyo 2, the PC version of Puyo Puyo Sun and the Nintendo DS versions of Puyo Puyo Fever 2, Puyo Puyo!! 15th Anniversary and Puyo Puyo 7) are also available throughout the internet.
Disney Interactive released its own version of Puyo Puyo for Windows 95 and Macintosh named Timon & Pumbaa's Bug Drop in 1995 as part of Disney's Game Shot series of PC games. This version features Disney characters Timon & Pumbaa from The Lion King, and Puyos are replaced by bugs.
2003's Billy Hatcher and the Giant Egg features an unlockable Puyo Pop minigame, which requires the use of the Nintendo GameCube – Game Boy Advance link cable to download the minigame to a Game Boy Advance.
In July 2005, Bandai released Kidou Gekidan Haro Ichiza: Haro no Puyo Puyo (機動劇団はろ一座 ハロのぷよぷよ) (lit. "Mobile Theatrical Company Haro: Haro's Puyo Puyo") in Japan for the GBA. It is based on the Mobile Suit Gundam anime series and presented in the style of the SD Gundam series. In this game, Puyo are replaced by Gundam's mascot, Haro.
On September 10, 2015, it was announced that Rin Hoshizora of the anime Love Live! will serve as the new star of the Puyo Puyo games, though it is unknown if this is to be a one-time spin-off (similar to Haro no Puyo Puyo) or a part of the main series.
A new mobile game, Puyo!! Touch, was released for iOS and Android devices in November 26, 2015.
The objective of the game is to defeat all opponents in a battle by causing the third spot from the left in the top row (which is depicted with a red X in later versions of Puyo Puyo) to become occupied by something that does not immediately leave. The Puyo (plural: Puyo) are round, slime-like creatures who, in most variations of the game, fall from the top of the screen in pairs, triplets, or tetrads. The piece can be moved, dropped, and rotated using the controller or joystick. The piece falls until it reaches another Puyo or the bottom of the screen.
When four or more Puyo of the same color line up adjacent to each other, they disappear. Puyo connect horizontally or vertically, but not diagonally; the whole group need not be a line, but can be any tetromino or larger. This is called Popping. For example, the A pieces pop in grids 1 and 2, but not 3.
The Puyo above those that are cleared fall onto other pieces or the bottom of the screen. Simultaneous Pops (同時消し, simultaneous erasing) are created when more than one group is formed at a time. For example, grid 4 has a popping group of five, grid 5 has two Simultaneous Pops of four for a total of eight Puyo popped, and grid 6 has three groups of five for fifteen Simultaneous Pops.
A Chain is made when falling Puyo cause a new group of Puyo to Pop, making a chain reaction. For example, grid 7 will form a 2 Chain, grid 8 will form a 3 Chain, and grid 9 will form a 5 Chain.
When a Chain is achieved, Nuisance Puyo, or Ojama Puyo (お邪魔ぷよ, hindrance Puyo) are sent to either clog the opponent's screen or to cancel out (offset, 相殺) the Nuisance Puyo sent by the opponent. Nuisance Puyo are translucent pieces that disappear when Puyo are popped next to them. If multiple groups of Puyo are cleared in succession due to a chain, the amount of Nuisance Puyo will increase based solely on the number of steps in the chain. Nuisance Puyo are cached above the opponent's playing field, and do not fall until the attacker's chain concludes, and then the defender puts down a piece. Nuisance Puyo block the opponents' playing fields, and can cause them to lose if one is placed the third spot from the left in the top row.
Puyo Puyo was originally conceived by Compile employee and Sting Entertainment founder Kazunari Yonemitsu. Yonemitsu felt that the puzzle games at the time had "weak" characters and thus decided to create a puzzle game using characters from Compile's Madou Monogatari RPG series. The success of Street Fighter II influenced Puyo Puyo's focus on competitive gameplay, with Yonemitsu trying out many mechanics in an attempt to recapture the fighting game's competitive nature.
In March 1998, Sega obtained the rights to the Puyo Puyo series and its characters from Compile. While Compile continued to develop and publish Puyo Puyo games, even on platforms that Sega was competing against. These games include Sega in their copyright information. Prior to assuming full development duties for the franchise, Sega ported Puyo Puyo 2 to the WonderSwan and Neo Geo Pocket Color.
As of 2001, the series had sold over 10 million copies. In 2016, Sega reported that the series has sold 22 million copies (including retail and digital sales) since they obtained the rights.
- "Sega Intellectual Properties - Annual Report 2017" (PDF). Sega Sammy Holdings. 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
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- Official Japanese Mega Drive sales chart, September 1993, published in Mega (magazine) issue 12, page 12
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- Official website (in Japanese)