Puyuma people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Puyuma people
Total population
14,081 (Jan 2018)
Regions with significant populations
Puyuma, Mandarin, Taiwanese Hokkien
Animism, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Taiwanese Aborigines
The Puyuma's Moon-shape Monolith ca. 1896

The Puyuma (Chinese: 卑南族; pinyin: Bēinán-zú; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Piu-má cho̍k, Pi-lâm cho̍k), also known as the Pinuyumayan, Peinan or Beinan, are one of the indigenous groups of the Taiwanese aborigines. The people are generally divided into the Chihpen and Nanwang groups, both resident in Taitung County on the east coast of Taiwan.

In the year 2000 the Puyuma numbered 9,606. This was approximately 2.4% of Taiwan's total indigenous population, making them the sixth-largest indigenous group.[1] The Puyuma speak the Puyuma language, as well as Mandarin and Taiwanese Hokkien.

The name "Puyuma" means "unity" or "concord", and was originally the autonym of the speakers of the Nanwang dialect.[2] Zeitoun and Cauquelin (2006) also note that the word Puyuma can be analyzed as pu'-uma, which means "to send to the field".

Peinan Site[edit]

The earliest records of the prehistoric Peinan Site in Taitung City were made by Torii Ryūzō, an anthropologist in the early period of the Japanese occupation of Taiwan. During his four visits to Taiwan for anthropological research, he took photos of the monolithic stone pillars at the site. Beinan Cultural Park opened in 1997 to display and preserve the archaeological site, considered the most important one in Taiwan. An indoor/outdoor Museum of Prehistory opened in 2002.[3]


Puyuma villages include (located in Beinan Township and Taitung City):[4]

  • Ulibulibuk
  • Bankio
  • Alipai
  • Pinaski
  • Tamalakaw
  • Rikabung
  • Puyuma (Nanwang)
  • Peinan
  • Balangaw
  • Apapalo
  • Kasabakan
  • Katipul
  • Nirbuaqan

Notable Puyuma people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (DGBAS). National Statistics, Republic of China (Taiwan). Preliminary statistical analysis report of 2000 Population and Housing Census Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine. Excerpted from Table 28:Indigenous population distribution in Taiwan-Fukien Area. Accessed 8/30/06
  2. ^ Teng, Stacy Fang-Ching (2008). A reference grammar of Puyuma, an Austronesian language of Taiwan. Pacific linguistics. 595. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University. ISBN 9780858835870.
  3. ^ "The National Museum of Prehistory and Beinan Culture Park". Taiwan the Heart of Asia. 2013. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2016-12-14.
  4. ^ Cauquelin, Josiane (1991). Dictionnaire puyuma-français. Paris: Ecole Française d'Extreme-Orient. ISBN 9782855395517.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links[edit]