Puyuma people

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Puyuma people
Total population
14,081 (Jan 2018)
Regions with significant populations
Puyuma, Mandarin, Taiwanese Hokkien
Animism, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Taiwanese Aborigines

The Puyuma (Chinese: 卑南族; pinyin: Bēinánzú; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Piu-má cho̍k, Pi-lâm cho̍k), also known as the Pinuyumayan, Peinan or Beinan, are one of the indigenous groups of the Taiwanese aborigines. The people are generally divided into the Chihpen and Nanwang groups, both resident in Taitung County on the east coast of Taiwan.

In the year 2000, the Puyuma numbered 9,606. This was approximately 2.4% of Taiwan's total indigenous population, making them the sixth-largest indigenous group.[1] The Puyuma speak the Puyuma language, as well as Mandarin and Taiwanese Hokkien.

The name "Puyuma" means "unity" or "concord" and was originally the autonym of the speakers of the Nanwang dialect.[2] Zeitoun and Cauquelin (2006) also note that the word Puyuma can be analyzed as pu'-uma, which means "to send to the field".


Puyuma villages include (located in Beinan Township and Taitung City):[3]

  • Ulibulibuk
  • Bankio
  • Alipai
  • Pinaski
  • Tamalakaw
  • Rikabung
  • Puyuma (Nanwang)
  • Peinan
  • Balangaw
  • Apapalo
  • Kasabakan
  • Katipul
  • Nirbuaqan

Notable Puyuma people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (DGBAS). National Statistics, Republic of China (Taiwan). Preliminary statistical analysis report of 2000 Population and Housing Census Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine. Excerpted from Table 28:Indigenous population distribution in Taiwan-Fukien Area. Accessed 8/30/06
  2. ^ Teng, Stacy Fang-ching (2008). A Reference Grammar of Puyuma, an Austronesian Language of Taiwan. Pacific Linguistics 595. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. hdl:1885/28526. ISBN 9780858835870.
  3. ^ Cauquelin, Josiane (1991). Dictionnaire puyuma-français [Puyuma–French dictionary] (in French). Paris: Ecole Française d'Extreme-Orient. ISBN 9782855395517.

External links[edit]