Pyasina River

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Pyasina River
Pyasina.png
Basin of the Pyasina
Native nameПясина
Location
CountryRussia
RegionKrasnoyarsk Krai
CityUst-Tarea
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ coordinates69°40′12″N 87°51′36″E / 69.67000°N 87.86000°E / 69.67000; 87.86000
 ⁃ elevation28 m (92 ft)
MouthPyasino Gulf
 ⁃ location
Kara Sea, Arctic ocean, Russia
 ⁃ coordinates
73°54′00″N 87°02′50″E / 73.90000°N 87.04722°E / 73.90000; 87.04722Coordinates: 73°54′00″N 87°02′50″E / 73.90000°N 87.04722°E / 73.90000; 87.04722
Length818 km (508 mi)
Basin size182,000 km2 (70,000 sq mi)
Discharge 
 ⁃ average2,550 m3/s (90,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 ⁃ leftAgapa, Mokoritto, Pura
 ⁃ rightChernaya, Dudypta, Yangoda, Tareya, Binyuda

Pyasina River (Russian: Пясина) is a river in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. The river is 818 kilometres (508 mi) long, and its basin covers 182,000 square kilometres (70,000 sq mi). The Pyasina River originates in Lake Pyasino and flows into the Pyasino Gulf of the Kara Sea. There are more than 60,000 lakes in the basin of the Pyasina covering a total area of 10,450 square kilometres (4,030 sq mi). The river freezes up in late September or early October and stays under the ice until June. It is connected to the Chetyrekh River through the Starica right tributary.

History[edit]

The Dvina merchant Kondratiy Kurochkin reached the mouth of the Pyasina in 1610.[1] In 1614, an ostrog was built on the river to collect yasak from the natives.[1] In 1935, before the Dudinka-Norilsk railway had been built, the Pyasina River and Lake Pyasino were used to deliver cargo to the site of the future city of Norilsk.[2]

Taimyr reindeer herd[edit]

The calving grounds of the Taimyr reindeer herd, a migrating tundra reindeer (R.t. sibiricus), the largest reindeer herd in the world,[3][4] is along the right bank of the Pyasina River and at the bend of the middle flow of the Agape River.[5]:336

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lantzeff, George V., and Richard A. Pierce (1973). Eastward to Empire: Exploration and Conquest on the Russian Open Frontier, to 1750. Montreal: McGill-Queen's U.P.
  2. ^ По рельсам истории Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine ("Rolling on the rails of history"), Zapolyarnaya Pravda, No. 109 (28.07.2007)
  3. ^ Russell, D.E.; Gunn, A. (20 November 2013). "Migratory Tundra Rangifer". NOAA Arctic Research Program. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ Kolpashikov, L.; Makhailov, V.; Russell, D. (2014). "The role of harvest, predators and socio-political environment in the dynamics of the Taimyr wild reindeer herd with some lessons for North America". Ecology and Society.
  5. ^ Baskin, Leonid M. (1986), "Differences in the ecology and behaviour of reindeer populations in the USSR", Rangifer, Special Issue (1): 333–340, retrieved 7 January 2015