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Pydnae, Pydna or Pydnai (Ancient Greek: Πύδναι) was a small Hellenistic town on the coast of ancient Lycia in Asiatic Turkey between the river Xanthus and Cape Hieron.[1][2] Ptolemy calls the town Kydna or Cydna,[3] and places it at the foot of Mount Cragus.

The site is at the western end of the 12km Patara Beach, and occupies the eastern slope of a hill near the shore; the walls are of well-preserved polygonal masonry, with eleven towers and seven stairways leading up to the battlements. The only building in the interior is a small church. Four or five inscriptions have been found in and around the fort; all are of Imperial date.[4] It is mentioned in G.E. Bean's Lycian Turkey: An Archaeological Guide.[5]

Pydnae is near Ozlen, on the Gâvur Ağlı, or Gavurağılı, to Patara stage of the Lycian Way, a 540 km way-marked footpath around the coast of Lycia from Fethiye to Antalya.


  1. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  2. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 65, and directory notes accompanying.
  3. ^ Stadiasmus Maris Magni §§ 248-249.
  4. ^ "Perseus Digital Library". Retrieved 2022-04-07.
  5. ^ Bean, George Ewart (1989). Lycian Turkey. London. ISBN 0-7195-4764-4. OCLC 23969072.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Pydnae". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 36°19′59″N 29°13′54″E / 36.333176°N 29.231701°E / 36.333176; 29.231701