Pyeongwon of Goguryeo

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Pyeongwon of Goguryeo
Hangul 평원왕, 평강(상호)왕
Hanja 平原王, 平岡(上好)王
Revised Romanization Pyeongwon-wang, Pyeonggang(sangho)-wang
McCune–Reischauer P'yǒngwǒn-wang, P'yǒnggang(sangho)-wang
Birth name
Hangul 양성 or
Hanja 陽成 or
Revised Romanization Yangseong or Tang
McCune–Reischauer Yangsǒng or Tang
Monarchs of Korea
Goguryeo
  1. King Chumo 37-19 BCE
  2. King Yuri 19 BCE-18 CE
  3. King Daemusin 18-44
  4. King Minjung 44-48
  5. King Mobon 48-53
  6. King Taejodae 53-146
  7. King Chadae 146-165
  8. King Sindae 165-179
  9. King Gogukcheon 179-197
  10. King Sansang 197-227
  11. King Dongcheon 227-248
  12. King Jungcheon 248-270
  13. King Seocheon 270-292
  14. King Bongsang 292-300
  15. King Micheon 300-331
  16. King Gogug-won 331-371
  17. King Sosurim 371-384
  18. King Gogug-yang 384-391
  19. King Gwanggaeto 391-413
  20. King Jangsu 413-490
  21. King Munja 491-519
  22. King Anjang 519-531
  23. King An-won 531-545
  24. King Yang-won 545-559
  25. King Pyeong-won 559-590
  26. King Yeong-yang 590-618
  27. King Yeong-nyu 618-642
  28. King Bojang 642-668

King Pyeongwon of Goguryeo (ruled 559—590) was a 6th-century Korean monarch, the 25th ruler of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. King Pyeongwon was also known as King Pyeonggangsangho. His birth name was Yangseong[1] (though the Suishu and Tangshu have him as Tangseong[citation needed]).

Reign[edit]

The years of Pyeongwon's rule are generally agreed upon by historians, but his year of birth has not been established with any degree of certainty. It is known that he was the eldest son of King Yangwon and became crown prince in 557, two years before assuming full power. He is said to have been courageous, and skilled in horseriding and archery.[1][2]

By this time, royal power had been significantly eroded by the aristocracy. Concerned for the people, he encouraged agricultural and sericultural developments and reduced the royal cuisine.[2]

He maintained tense but relatively peaceful relations with the Göktürks and the various Chinese dynasties, briefly battling the Northern Zhou at the Liaodong Peninsula in 577. He frequently sent tributes to the Chen Dynasty, Northern Qi, Northern Zhou and Sui Dynasty.[1][2] As the Sui Dynasty united China, King Pyeongwon prepared for the impending war.

The southern border with the other two Korean kingdoms was relatively peaceful as the Silla-Baekje alliance fell apart. In 586, he moved the capital to Jangan fortress.[2]

In 590, the king received news that the state of Chen had fallen and was greatly alarmed. For defense purposes he ordered troops into training and the augmentation of military provisions.[citation needed]

The rule of Pyeongwon came to an end in 590, which is the year of his death according to Samguk Sagi, but there is no specific documentation to confirm the circumstances.

He was given the posthumous royal title of King Pyeongwon.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "평원왕" (in Korean). Doopedia. Retrieved 2016-09-28. 
  2. ^ a b c d "King Pyeongwon". KBS World. Retrieved 2016-09-28. 
Pyeongwon of Goguryeo
Died: 590
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Yangwon
King of Goguryeo
559–590
Succeeded by
Yeongyang