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In Greek mythology, Pylaeus (Πύλαιος), son of Lethus, was one of the allies to King Priam in the Trojan War; he commanded the Pelasgian contingent together with his brother Hippothous.[1][2] Pylaeus is hardly ever mentioned separately from his brother; they are said to have fallen in battle together by Dictys Cretensis[3] and to have been buried "in a garden" according to the late Latin poet Ausonius.[4]

Strabo, in his comment on the Homeric passage referenced above, mentions that according to a local tradition of Lesbos, Pylaeus also commanded the Lesbian army and had a mountain on the island named Pylaeus after him.[5]

Pylaeus is also an epithet of Hermes.[6]


  1. ^ Homer, Iliad, 2. 840 - 843
  2. ^ Dictys Cretensis, 2. 35
  3. ^ Dictys Cretensis, 3. 14
  4. ^ Ausonius, Epitaph of Heroes Who Participated in The Trojan War, 21
  5. ^ Strabo, Geography, 13. 3. 3
  6. ^ Scholia on Iliad, 2. 842; Eustathius on Iliad, 358. 19; Diogenes Laertius, 8. 1. 31.: Pylaios was one of the three epithets that Hermes bore as the conveyor of the souls of the dead to the Underworld.