|Transverse T2 magnetic resonance imaging section through the hip region showing abscess collection in a patient with pyomyositis.|
|Diagnostic method||Diagnostic method used for PM includes ultrasound, CT scan and MRI. Ultrasound can be helpful in showing muscular heterogeneity or a purulent collection but it is not useful during the first stage of the disease. CT scan can confirm the diagnosis before abscesses occur with enlargement of the involved muscles and hypodensity when abscess is present, terogenous attenuation and fluid collection with rim enhancement can be found. MRI is useful to assess PM and determine its localization and extension|
Pyomyositis, also known as tropical pyomyositis or myositis tropicans, is a bacterial infection of the skeletal muscles which results in a pus-filled abscess. Pyomyositis is most common in tropical areas but can also occur in temperate zones.
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- Pus discharge culture and sensitivity
- X ray of the part to rule out osteomyelitis
- Creatinine phosphokinase (more than 50,000 units)
- MRI is useful.
- Ultrasound guided aspiration
Pyomyositis is most often caused by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. The infection can affect any skeletal muscle, but most often infects the large muscle groups such as the quadriceps or gluteal muscles.
Pyomyositis is mainly a disease of children and was first described by Scriba in 1885. Most patients are aged 2 to 5 years, but infection may occur in any age group. Infection often follows minor trauma and is more common in the tropics, where it accounts for 4% of all hospital admissions. In temperate countries such as the US, pyomyositis was a rare condition (accounting for 1 in 3000 pediatric admissions), but has become more common since the appearance of the USA300 strain of MRSA.
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