Pyongan Province

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Pyeong'an Province
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul 평안도
 • Hanja 平安道
 • Revised Romanization Pyeong-an-do
 • McCune–Reischauer P'yŏng'an-do
Short name transcription(s)
 • Hangul 평안
 • Hanja 平安
 • Revised Romanization Pyeongan
 • McCune–Reischauer P'yŏngan
  Pyongan
  Pyongan
Country Korea
Region Gwanseo
Capital Pyeongyang
Government
 • Type Province
Dialect Pyeong'an

Pyeong'an Province ([pʰjʌŋ.an.do], Hangul평안도; Hanja平安道) was one of Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon. Pyeong'an was located in the northwest of Korea. The provincial capital was Pyeongyang (now Pyongyang, North Korea).

History[edit]

Pyeong'an Province was formed in 1413. Its name derived from the names of two of its principal cities, Pyeong'an (Hangul: 평양; Hanja: 平壤) and Anju (Hangul: 安州; Hanja: 안주).

In 1895, the province was replaced by the Districts of Ganggye (Hangul: 강계부; Hanja: 江界府) in the northeast, Uiju County (Hangul: 의주부; Hanja: 義州府) in the northwest, and Pyeongyang (Hangul: 평양부; Hanja: 平壤府) in the south.

In 1896, Kanggye and Ŭiju Districts were reorganized into North Pyongan Province, and Pyeongyang District was reorganized as South Pyongan Province. North and South Pyongan Provinces are part of North Korea.

Geography[edit]

Pyeong'an was bounded on the east by Hamgyeong Province, on the south by Hwanghae Province, on the west by the Yellow Sea, and on the north by Imperial China.

The regional name for the province was Gwanseo.

External links[edit]