Pyongan Province

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Pyongan)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Pyeongan Province
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul평안도
 • Hanja平安道
 • Revised RomanizationPyeong-an-do
 • McCune–ReischauerP'yŏngan-do
Short name transcription(s)
 • Hangul평안
 • Hanja平安
 • Revised RomanizationPyeongan
 • McCune–ReischauerP'yŏngan
Pyongan Province of Late Joseon Dynasty.png
CountryKingdom of Great Joseon
RegionGwanseo
CapitalPyeongyang
Government
 • TypeProvince
DialectPyeong-an

Pyeong-an Province ([pʰjʌŋ.an.do], Korean평안도; Hanja平安道) was one of Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon. Pyeong'an was located in the northwest of Korea. The provincial capital was Pyeongyang (now Pyongyang, North Korea).

History[edit]

Pyeong'an Province was formed in 1413. Its name derived from the names of two of its principal cities, Pyeongyang (Korean: 평양; Hanja: 平壤) and Anju (Korean: 안주; Hanja: 安州).

In 1895, the province was replaced by the Districts of Ganggye (Korean: 강계부; Hanja: 江界府) in the northeast, Uiju County (Korean: 의주부; Hanja: 義州府) in the northwest, and Pyeongyang (Korean: 평양부; Hanja: 平壤府) in the south.

In 1896, Kanggye and Ŭiju Districts were reorganized into North Pyongan Province, and Pyeongyang District was reorganized as South Pyongan Province. North and South Pyongan Provinces are part of North Korea.

Geography[edit]

Pyeong'an was bounded on the east by Hamgyeong Province, on the south by Hwanghae Province, on the west by the Yellow Sea, and on the north by Imperial China.

The regional name for the province was Gwanseo.

External links[edit]