Pyongbuk Line

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Pyongbuk Line
Overview
Native name 평북선(平北線)
Type Heavy rail, Regional rail
Locale North Pyŏngan
Termini Chŏngju Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Ch'ŏngsu
Stations 13
Operation
Opened 27 September 1939
Owner Korean State Railway
Operator(s) Korean State Railway
Technical
Line length 120.5 km (74.9 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 3000 V DC Catenary
Route map

DPRK-Pyongbuk Line.png

P'yŏngŭi Line
0.0 Chŏngju Ch'ŏngnyŏn
P'yŏngŭi Line
10.4 Koan Closed
16.5 Pongmyŏng
Chŏngju-si/Kusŏng-si
28.4 Panghyŏn
7th Industry Bureau Aircraft Parts Factory
April 3 Factory
Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn Line
41.2 Kusŏng
49.0 Paegun
switchback
underground facility
factory
4-track yard
switchback
Kusŏng-si/Taegwan-gun
63.9 P'alyŏng
70.5 Taeryŏnggang
Taeryong River
Taeryong River
Taegwalli Branch
78.2 Sinon
Taegwalli(private elite station)
underground facility
Taegwan-gun/Sakchu
91.2 P'ungnyŏn
Onp'ung Closed
100.0 Sŏbu
105.9 P'anmak
Kugŏkch'ŏn
Kugŏkch'ŏn
113.7 Pup'ung
4.1 Amrokkang(riverine port)
Kugŏkch'ŏn
Amrokkang Branch
Sup'ung Branch
2.5 Sup'ung
Sup'ung Dam
120.5 Ch'ŏngsu
China - Yalu River - DPRK
Shanghekou (China)
China Railways Fengshang Line
Namsalli
Pyongbuk Line
Chosŏn'gŭl 평북선
Hancha
Revised Romanization Pyeongbuk-seon
McCune–Reischauer P'yŏngbuk-sŏn

The P'yŏngbuk Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway in North Pyŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Chŏngju on the P'yŏngŭi Line to Ch'ŏngsu; it meets the Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn Line at Kusŏng.[1]

History[edit]

The line was opened by the P'yŏngbuk Railway Company (평북철도주식회사, P'yŏngbuk Ch'ŏldo Chusikhoesa; 平北鐵道株式會社, Heihoku Tetsudō Kabushiki Kaisha) on 27 September 1939 as an industrial railway to serve the Sup'ung Hydroelectric Power Plant on the Yalu River.[2] The Emperor of Manchukuo, Puyi, travelled along this line when he visited the Sup'ung Dam.[1]

Following the partition of Korea the line was located within the Soviet zone of occupation, and was nationalised along with all the other railways in the zone by the Provisional People’s Committee for North Korea on 10 August 1946,[1] becoming part of the Korean State Railway. Electrification of the entire line was completed in 1980, and at the same time, semi-automatic train control was installed on the 41.3 km (25.7 mi) section between Chŏngju and Kusŏng.[3]

Services[edit]

The line serves a variety of industries, including a textile factory in Kusŏng, a chemical factory in Ch'ŏngsu, and North Korea's largest lignite mine near P'ungnyŏn, as well as shipping large amounts of wood south from Amrokkang Station on the Yalu River. Other important commodities shipped on the line are limestone and anthracite.[3]

There are two long-distance passenger trains that operate on the line - semi-express trains 115/116 between P'yŏngyang and Ch'ŏngsu, and local trains 200/201 between West P'yŏngyang and Ch'ŏngsu.[1] There are also commuter trains along the Ch'ongsu—Sup'ung—P'ungnyŏn (6 pairs), Kusŏng—Paegun (5 pairs) and Chŏngju—Kusŏng (2 pairs) sections of the line.[3]

Route[edit]

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
0.0 Chŏngju Ch'ŏngnyŏn 정주 청년 P'yŏngŭi Line
16.5 Pongmyŏng 봉명
28.4 Panghyŏn 방현
41.2 Kusŏng 구성 Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn Line
49.0 Paegun 백운
63.9 P'alyŏng 팔영
70.5 Taeryŏnggang 대령강
78.2 Sinon 신온 Taegwalli Branch
91.2 P'ungnyŏn 풍년
100.0 Sŏbu 서부
105.9 P'anmak 판막
113.7 Pup'ung 부풍 Sup'ung Branch, Amrokkang Branch
120.5 Ch'ŏngsu 청수
Shanghekou, China 上河口 China Railways Fengshan Line

Taegwalli Branch[edit]

Electrified. This branchline leads to a private station for Korean Workers Party officials.

0.0 Sinon 신온 P'yŏngbuk Line
Taegwalli 대관리

Sup'ung Branch[edit]

Electrified. This branchline leads to the important Sup'ung hydroelectric power station.[1] A commuter train running between Ch'ŏngsu and P'ungnyŏn also operates along this branch to and from Sup'ung.[3]

0.0 Pup'ung 부풍 P'yŏngbuk Line
2.5 Sup'ung 수풍

Amrokkang Branch[edit]

Electrified. This is a freight-only branch used primarily for loading logs from booms floated down the river.[3]

0.0 Pup'ung 부풍 P'yŏngbuk Line
4.1 Amrokkang 압록강

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  2. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 3813, 3 October 1939
  3. ^ a b c d e North Korea Geographic Information: Transportation Geography - P'yŏngbuk Line (in Korean)