P'yŏngwŏn Line

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The Pyongwon Line was a railway line in Korea, opened in 1941 during the period of Japanese rule. The line connected Pyongyang to Kowon. It exists now North Korea and forms part of the following present day lines:

History[edit]

The railway line was constructed by the Government Railway of Chosun. The first interval between Sopo and Sainjang (Pyongsong Station) was opened on 1 November 1927 and the construction was completed on 1 April 1941.[1] Since 1928 the western section of the railway had been called as 'West Pyongwon Line'[2] and was opened as follows:

Date Route Length
1 November 1927 Sŏpo—Ryongsŏng—Paesanjŏm—Sainjang 25.0 km
15 October 1928 Sainjang—Sunchŏn 22.3 km
1 October 1929 Sunchŏn—Sinch'ang 19.7 km
1 October 1931 Sinch'ang—Changrim 29.5 km
1 November 1936 Changrim—Yangdŏk 27.4 km

Since 1937 the eastern section had been called as 'East Pyongwon Line'[3] and was opened as follows:

Date Route Length
16 December 1937 Kowon—Sŏngnae 30.0 km
1 April 1941 Sŏngnae—Yangdŏk 58.7 km

At the same time of the end of construction, the railway's name was returned to the 'Pyongwon Line' and the total length was 212.6 km. After the establishment of the Government of North Korea, the most section was merged into the Pyongna Line.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 4236, 8 March 1941
  2. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 529, 29 September 1928
  3. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 3261, 27 November 1937
  • Hayato Kokubu (2007), 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō) (in Japanese), Shinchosha, Tokyo, ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  • Ministry of Railways (1937), 鉄道停車場一覧. 昭和12年10月1日現在(The List of the Stations as of 1 October 1937) (in Japanese), Kawaguchi Printing Company, Tokyo, p496