Pyotr Kotlyarevsky

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Pyotr Stepanovich Kotlyarevsky
Пётр Степанович Котляревский
Kotlyarevsky Pyotr Stepanovich.jpeg
Born(1782-06-23)23 June 1782
village of Olkhovatka, Kupyansk County, Kharkov province (nowadays part of Ukraine)
Died2 November 1852(1852-11-02) (aged 70)
 Russian Empire
Service/branchImperial Russian Army
RankGeneral of the Infantry
Commands held17th Jäger Regiment
Georgian 14th Grenadier Regiment
Battles/warsPersian Expedition of 1796
Russo-Persian War (1804-1813)

Pyotr Stepanovich Kotlyarevsky (June 23, 1782 – November 2, 1852) was a Russian military hero of the early 19th century.


He was born in the village of Olkhovatka near Kharkiv into a cleric's family. Kotlyarevsky was brought up in an infantry regiment quartered near Mozdok. He was promoted officer for his exploits during Count Zubov's Persian Campaign in 1796.

His leadership and boldness made him a national celebrity during the Russo-Turkish War (1806–12)#Caucasus Front and the Russo-Persian War (1804-1813). In 1810 he took hold of Meghri Citadel, withstood a siege by the Persian army and then routed them on the Araks River. In 1812, he defeated Abbas Mirza in the Battle of Aslanduz and stormed Lankaran with as little as around 2,500 soldiers. Thereupon the Persians sued for peace, and Kotlyarevsky was promoted General of Infantry (a rank equal to that of Full General in other armies). Suffering from wounds, he had to retire from active service and spent the rest of his life in Feodosiya, where he eventually died as well.

A local artist, Ivan Aivazovsky, devised Kotlyarevsky's mausoleum, while Prince Vorontsov ordered his statue to be erected in Ganja.

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