Pyotr Shchukin

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Pyotr Shchukin
Pyotr Shchukin

Pyotr Ivanovich Shchukin (1853 - 12 October 1912) was an art collector who built an important collection of Russian ancient art and artifacts and owned several impressionist masterpieces.

Early life and family[edit]

Pyotr Ivanovich Shchukin was born in 1853, one of ten children[1] of Ivan Vassilievitch Shchukin, a self-made Moscow merchant in the textile trade from an Old Believer[2] background who acquired a wealth of 4 million gold rubles, and his wife Ekaterina Shchukin, the daughter of Pyotr Konovich Botkin, a tea merchant and patron of the arts.[3][4] I.V. Shchukin and Sons became one of the largest textile companies in Russia.[5][6]

Art collecting[edit]

Shchukin built an important collection of Russian ancient art and artifacts and owned several impressionist masterpieces.[1] His younger brother, Sergei Shchukin, was also a noted art collector[7] while his brother Dimitri Shchukin assembled "Moscow's best collection of Old Masters" that eventually entered the Pushkin Museum. Another brother, Ivan, also collected art.[1]

He was a customer of French art dealer Paul Durand-Ruel[1] and accompanied his brother Sergei on buying trips to Paris.[8]

When Shchukin was blackmailed by a former mistress and needed money to pay her off, he sold his Impressionist paintings to Sergei rather than sell them back to Durand-Ruel for less.[1]


Shchukin died on 12 October 1912.[9]


  1. ^ a b c d e "The man who loved Monet: Russia's greatest art collector" by Nancy Durrant, Saturday Review, The Times, 15 October 2016, pp. 8-9.
  2. ^ "The revolutionary collector who changed the course of Russian art". Rosamund Bartlett, Apollo, 17 October 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  3. ^ "From Russia" without love: Can The Shchukin heirs recover their ancestor's art collection? Jane Graham, Sports & Entertainment Law Journal, Vol. 6, Spring 2009, pp. 66-107.
  4. ^ Sergei Ivanovitch Shchukin. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  5. ^ SERGEI IVANOVICH SHCHUKIN. Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  6. ^ Spurling, Hilary. (2001). The unknown Matisse: A life of Henri Matisse: The early years, 1869-1908. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 417. ISBN 978-0-520-22203-8.
  7. ^ Sergey Shchukin and Others. Hermitage Amsterdam. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  8. ^ House of modern masterpieces: Shchukin at Fondation Louis Vuitton. Jackie Wullschlager, Financial Times, 21 October 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  9. ^ Rewald, Sabine, & Magdalena Dabrowski. (2009). The American Matisse: The dealer, his artists, his collection: The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection. New York & New Haven: Metropolitan Museum of Art & Yale University Press. p. 92. ISBN 978-1-58839-352-4.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)

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