Location of Pyrénées-Atlantiques in France
|• President of the General Council||Georges Labazée|
|• Total||7,645 km2 (2,952 sq mi)|
|• Density||85/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French pronunciation: [pi.ʁe.ne.a.tlɑ̃.tik]; Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Basque: Pirinio-Atlantiarrak or Pirinio-Atlantikoak) is a department in Aquitaine, southwest of France. It takes its name from the Pyrenees mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. It covers the French Basque Country and the Béarn.
Basses-Pyrénées is one of the original 83 departments of France created during the French Revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former regions of Guyenne and Gascony: Béarn and the Basques provinces of Basse-Navarre, Labourd, Bayonne (detached some years before from Labourd), and Soule. The history of the region, under the Ancien Régime, can be found at those individual regions.
The Basque third-estate representatives overtly opposed the new administrative layout since it suppressed their institutions and laws. The two representatives of Lower Navarre refused to vote arguing that they were not part of the Kingdom of France, those of Soule voted against, while the brothers Garat, representing Labourd, eventually voted yes, thinking that would give them a say in upcoming political decisions.
On 10 October 1969, Basses-Pyrénées was renamed Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Pyrénées-Atlantiques, a border province, has cultivated a number of economic and cultural links with Spain.
Two urban concentrations exist in the east and west of the département: Pau, which has 145,000 inhabitants, and 344,000 workers in the local area; and Bayonne - Anglet - Biarritz which has 166,400 inhabitants and 235 000 workers in the local area
The parts of the department that were part of Guyenne and Béarn have a culture heavily influenced by the Basque people.
Both the Gascon and Basque languages are indigenous to the region. Gascon is a dialect of Occitan, formerly the main language of southern France. It is more closely related to Catalan than it is to French. Basque is a language isolate, not related to any known language. Today, French, the sole official language of the French Republic, is the predominant native language and is spoken by virtually all inhabitants.
Pyrénées-Atlantiques is also home to a number of professional sports teams, including Aviron Bayonnais, Biarritz Olympique, Section Paloise (rugby), Élan Béarnais Pau-Orthez (basketball) and Pau FC (association football). The Pau Grand Prix, an auto race first held in 1901, has hosted the World Touring Car Championship, British Formula Three, Formula 3 Euro Series and FIA European Formula 3 Championship.
Villa Belza in Biarritz
The coat of arms of Pyrénées-Atlantiques combines those of four traditional provinces:
- Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Basses-Pyrénées.|
- (French) General Council website
- (French) Archives of the Pyrenees-Atlantiques department website
- (French) Photography Panoramics 360° website
- (French) Prefecture official website
- (English) Pyrenees-Atlantiques at DMOZ
- (English) Pyrenees-Atlantiques Monuments, Villages, Walks and Attractions
- (English) Information on living, working and visiting Pyrenees Atlantiques