Pyramidella

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Pyramidella
Pyramidella maculosa - D'Orbigny.jpg
Two views of a shell of Pyramidella acus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Heterobranchia
Clade: Euthyneura
Order: Panpulmonata
Superfamily: Pyramidelloidea
Family: Pyramidellidae
Genus: Pyramidella
Lamarck, 1799
Type species
Trochus dolabratus Linnaeus, C., 1758
Synonyms[1]
  • Obeliscus Anonymus , 1797 = Obeliscus Gray, 1847
  • Plotia Röding, 1798 (Invalid: placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Names by ICZN Opinion 386.)
  • Urambella Laseron, 1959

Pyramidella is a genus of minute to medium-sized sea snails, marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pyramidellidae, the pyrams and their allies.[1]

Pyramidella is the type genus of the family Pyramidellidae.[2]

Nomenclature[edit]

The generic name Pyramidella Lamarck, 1799, has been validated under the Plenary Powers of the ICZN , Opinion 386 (1955). The name Obeliscus Anonymus, 1797 [= Obeliscus Gray, 1847] has also been used for this genus, whereas the name Pyramidella was used for the genus now known as Otopleura Fischer, 1885.[1]

General description[edit]

The shell has an elongate-conic shape, slightly striated. The many whorls of the teleoconch are usually inflated and regularly increasing. They are longitudinally ribbed or smooth. The semioval aperture is entire, widened at its base and rounded in front. .The columella has one to three folds. The sharp outer lip is entire, inferiorly sub-perforated and often plicate within with three transverse folds. The shell is usually larger than in Turbonilla. The thin operculum is horny, ovate, elongated,with very fine elements and oblique folds and folds oblique. The shell lacks an epidermis.[3][4][5]

The shells are generally quite small, of an elegant form, elongated, marked with more or less deep spots. The general color of the body of these mollusca, is of a dull white. The operculum only, and the edge of the mantle are yellowish.[5]

The animal has a head surmounted by broad, rather long tentacles, formed like a pointed horn, and open on the side. The mouth is situated in a flattened, wide, dilated, and quite deeply two-lobed muzzle, separated from the foot by a groove. The respiratory cavity open throughout the whole length of the mantle, bearing on its right margin a long and narrow branchia. The heart has a direction from right to left. The rectum and uterus are attached to each other along the branchiae, and terminate in an ear-shaped gutter, produced by the margin of the mantle. The mucous follicles line the upper wall of the cavity. The foot is round, without a marginal furrow, passing down before in form of an ear-shaped shield, and bearing posteriorly a membranous operculum, with laminas destitute of a spire, which possesses one or two notches to slip upon the folds of the columella.[5]

Species[edit]

Species within the genus Pyramidella include:[1]

Taxa inquerenda
Subgenera and species brought into synonymy

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d WoRMS (2011). Pyramidella Lamarck, 1799. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=160041 on 4 February 2012
  2. ^ Bouchet P.; Rocroi J.-P.; Frýda J.; Hausdorf B.; Ponder W.; Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  3. ^ Dall & Bartsch, A Monograph of West American Pyramidellid Mollusks, United States National Museum Bulletin 68, p. 8; 1909
  4. ^ G.W. Tryon, Manual of Conchology vol. VIII p. 295
  5. ^ a b c Kiener (1840). General species and iconography of recent shells : comprising the Massena Museum, the collection of Lamarck, the collection of the Museum of Natural History, and the recent discoveries of travellers; Boston :W.D. Ticknor,1837
  6. ^ Rosenberg, G. (2010). Pyramidella camara Bartsch, 1927. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=533354 on 2011-03-15
  7. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella corrugata. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208420 on 2011-03-15
  8. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella dolabrata (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208421 on 2011-03-15
  9. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella gracilis A. Adams. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208427 on 2011-03-15
  10. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella inopinata (Schander, 1994). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=224462 on 2011-03-15
  11. ^ Rosenberg, G. (2010). Pyramidella sanctaehelenae (E. A. Smith, 1890). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=533356 on 2011-03-15
  12. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella scitula Adams. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208428 on 2011-03-15
  13. ^ Rosenberg, G. (2010). Pyramidella subdolabrata (Mörch, 1854). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=533357 on 2011-03-15
  14. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella subglabra Odhner, 1919. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208422 on 2011-03-15
  15. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella terebelloides Adams. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208423 on 2011-03-15
  16. ^ Rosenberg, G. (2010). Pyramidella acus (Gmelin, 1791). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208425 on 2011-03-15
  17. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella auriscati (Chemnitz, 1795). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208418 on 2011-03-15
  18. ^ Rosenberg, G. (2010). Pyramidella folinii Dall, 1889. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=533355 on 2011-03-15
  19. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella mitralis A. Adams, 1853. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208416 on 2011-03-15
  20. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella prati Bernardi, 1858. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208424 on 2011-03-15
  21. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella schanderi van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud, 1998. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=224464 on 2011-03-15
  22. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella sulcata (A. Adams, 1854). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208429 on 2011-03-15
  23. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella terebellum Muller. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208426 on 2011-03-15
  24. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella teres Adams. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208419 on 2011-03-15
  25. ^ WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella variegata A. Adams. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208417 on 2011-03-15
  • Lamarck, J.B.P.A. de Monet de 1799. Prodrome d'une nouvelle classification de coquilles, comprenent une réaction appropiée de charactères génériques, et l'établissement d'un grand nombre de genres nouveaux. Mémoires de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris 1: 63-91
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp.

External links[edit]