|• Total||4-15 (winter-summer) [Note 1]|
Pyramiden (meaning "the pyramid" in most Scandinavian languages; called Пирамида, Piramida, in Russian) is a Russian settlement and coal-mining community on the archipelago of Svalbard, Norway. Founded by Sweden in 1910 and sold to the Soviet Union in 1927, Pyramiden was closed in 1998 and has since remained largely abandoned with most of its infrastructure and buildings still in place. Since 2007 there have been efforts to make it a tourist attraction.
Pyramiden was founded by Sweden in 1910 and sold to the Soviet Union in 1927. It lies at the foot of the Billefjorden on the island of Spitsbergen and is named after the pyramid-shaped mountain with the same name adjacent to the town. The nearest settlements are Svalbard's capital, Longyearbyen, some 50 kilometres (31 mi) to the south, Barentsburg approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) south-west and the small research community of Ny-Ålesund, 100 kilometres (62 mi) to the west. In Soviet times population of the town was mostly Ukrainian, consisting of miners from Donbass and staff from Volyn.
Owned by the state-owned Russian mining company Arktikugol Trust, which also owns the settlement of Barentsburg, Pyramiden once had over 1,000 inhabitants. Among its amenities were a cultural center with a theater, a library, art and music studios; a sports complex; and a cantina open 24 hours a day. It also had a primary school.
On March 31, 1998, the last coal was extracted from the mine and the last permanent resident left by October 10. Until 2007, Pyramiden was practically a ghost town where, within the buildings, things remained largely as they were when the settlement was abandoned in a hurry.
A book has been written about Pyramiden by Norwegian author Kjartan Fløgstad. A recent episode of the History Channel programme Life After People featured Pyramiden. It predicted that due to the low rate of decay in a frigid climate, the abandoned town's major buildings would be visible 500 years from now.
The world's northernmost grand piano is located at Pyramiden: a "Red October" (Красный октябрь) grand piano is located in the auditorium of the cultural centre. The northernmost monument to Vladimir Lenin and the northernmost swimming pool are also located here.
Pyramiden is accessible by boat or snowmobile from Longyearbyen, either as part of a guided tour or independently. There are no restrictions on visiting Pyramiden, still owned by Arktikugol Trust, but visitors are not allowed to enter any buildings without permission even if they are open. While most buildings are now locked, breaking into the buildings, vandalism and theft of artifacts have become a serious threat to Pyramiden as it contributes to the accelerating deterioration of the buildings.
Since 2007, Arktikugol has been renovating the hotel and upgrading the infrastructure, including building a new power station with diesel generators, in order to accommodate tourists in the old settlement. Up to 30 workers have been living in the settlement year round to maintain the facilities and guide tourists visiting from Longyearbyen. As of 2013[update], the Tulip hotel has been reopened and it is possible to stay overnight in Pyramiden. The Tulip hotel also houses a small museum. In addition, there is a small hotel built of old shipping containers near the harbour. However, there are no plans to renovate and reopen the whole settlement.
- While Pyramiden has no permanent residents, a few workers maintain the rebuilt infrastructure, run the hotel and guide tourists' visits
- Sveriges okända ockupation. Populär Historia, 14 Mars 2001. Retrieved 2016-10-06.
- "Архипелаг никак" (retrieved April 19, 2015)
- Максим Беспалов. Український Шпіцберген. Київ, "Темпора". 2017. с. 162-169. ISBN 978-617-569-316-2
- Остров Шпицберген: место, где не рождаются и не умирают люди
- The Cold Rim of the World. Longreads, March 2015.
- Umbreit, Andreas. Spitsbergen: Svalbard, Franz Josef, Jan Mayen, 3rd: The Bradt Travel Guide. Bradt Travel Guides, 2005. ISBN 1841620920, 9781841620923. p. 200.
- Nuwer, Rachel. "A Soviet Ghost Town in the Arctic Circle, Pyramiden Stands Alone". Smithsonian Magazine. Smithsonian. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
- Pulling out of Pyramiden. BBC News, 2 September 2000.
- Fløgstad i Pyramiden : Dagsavisen Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine.
- A Soviet Ghost Town in the Arctic Circle, Pyramiden Stands Alone. Smithsonian magazine, 19 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-18.
- "Red October" (Krasny Octyabr)
- Umbreit, 2009. Page 182.
- Nytt liv for Pyramiden. Svalbardposten, 6 April 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-12.
- Back in Pyramiden, Svalbard Archived 2013-06-18 at the Wayback Machine.. Elin Andreassen and Hein B. Bjerck, Ruin Memories. Retrieved 2013-04-04.
- TOVE STYRKE BORDERLINE-THE LODGE
- Andreassen, Elin, Hein B. Bjerck, and Bjørnar Olsen. Persistent Memories: Pyramiden - A Soviet Mining Town in the High Arctic. (2010) Tapir Academic Press.
- Umbreit, Andreas. Spitsbergen, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, & Jan Meyen. (2009) Bradt Travel Guides.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pyramiden.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Pyramiden.|
- The City Abandoned At the Worlds End
- Pyramiden revisited by Ruin Memories archaeologists Bjerk and Andreassen