Pyramiden

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Pyramiden
Пирамида (Russian)
Skyline of Pyramiden
Map of Pyramiden, Svalbard.JPG
Pyramiden is located in Svalbard
Pyramiden
Pyramiden
Coordinates: 78°39′22″N 16°19′30″E / 78.65611°N 16.32500°E / 78.65611; 16.32500
CountryNorway
TerritorySvalbard
IslandSpitsbergen
Population
 (2015)
 • Total4-15 (winter-summer) [a]

Pyramiden (Norwegian: [pʏrɑˈmiːdən], "the pyramid";[b] Russian: Пирами́да, tr. Piramida) is an abandoned Russian coal-mining settlement on the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard. Founded by Sweden[1] in 1910 and sold to the Soviet Union in 1927, Pyramiden was closed in 1998 and has since remained largely abandoned with most of its infrastructure and buildings still in place. Since 2007 there have been efforts to make it a tourist attraction.

History[edit]

Pyramiden was founded by Sweden[1] in 1910 and sold to the Soviet Union in 1927. It lies at the foot of the Billefjorden on the island of Spitsbergen and is named after the pyramid-shaped mountain with the same name adjacent to the town.[2] The nearest settlements are Svalbard's capital, Longyearbyen, some 50 kilometres (31 mi) to the south, Barentsburg approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) south-west and the small research community of Ny-Ålesund, 100 kilometres (62 mi) to the west. In Soviet times the population was mostly Ukrainian, consisting of miners from Donbass and staff from Volyn.[3][4]

Owned by the state-owned Russian mining company Arktikugol Trust, which also owns the settlement of Barentsburg, Pyramiden once had over 1,000 inhabitants. Among its amenities were a cultural center with a theater, a library, art and music studios; a sports complex; and a cantina open 24 hours a day.[5] It also had a primary school.[6] The world's northernmost grand piano is located at Pyramiden: a "Red October" (Красный октябрь)[7] grand piano is located in the auditorium of the cultural centre. The northernmost monument to Vladimir Lenin and the northernmost swimming pool are also located here.[2]

On March 31, 1998, the last coal was extracted from the mine and the last permanent resident left by October 10.[8] Until 2007, Pyramiden was practically a ghost town where, within the buildings, things remained largely as they were when the settlement was abandoned in a hurry.[9]

Preservation[edit]

Pyramiden is accessible by boat or snowmobile from Longyearbyen, either as part of a guided tour or independently. There is also the Pyramiden Heliport. There are no restrictions on visiting Pyramiden, still owned by Arktikugol Trust, but visitors are not allowed to enter any buildings without permission even if they are open. While most buildings are now locked, breaking into the buildings, vandalism and theft of artifacts have become a serious threat to Pyramiden as it contributes to the accelerating deterioration of the buildings.[10][11]

Since 2007, Arktikugol has been renovating the hotel and upgrading the infrastructure, including building a new power station with diesel generators, in order to accommodate tourists in the old settlement. Up to 30 workers have been living in the settlement year round to maintain the facilities and guide tourists visiting from Longyearbyen.[12] As of 2013, the Tulip hotel has been reopened and it is possible to stay overnight in Pyramiden. The Tulip hotel also houses a small museum. In addition, there is a small hotel built of old shipping containers near the harbour.[11] However, there are no plans to renovate and reopen the whole settlement.

Culture[edit]

A book has been written about Pyramiden by Norwegian author Kjartan Fløgstad.[13]

A 2010 episode of the History Channel programme Life After People featured Pyramiden. It predicted that due to the low rate of decay in a frigid climate, the abandoned town's major buildings would be visible 500 years from now.[14][15]

Danish indie rock group Efterklang recorded their 2012 album Piramida in the settlement.[16]

In 2014, the Swedish singer Tove Styrke filmed a music video in Pyramiden for her single Borderline.[17]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ While Pyramiden has no permanent residents, a few workers maintain the rebuilt infrastructure, run the hotel, and guide tourists' visits.
  2. ^ The name's meaning and pronunciation are the same in Swedish, as used at the settlement's foundation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sveriges okända ockupation. Populär Historia, 14 Mars 2001. Retrieved 2016-10-06.
  2. ^ a b "Архипелаг никак" (retrieved April 19, 2015)
  3. ^ Максим Беспалов. Український Шпіцберген. Київ, "Темпора". 2017. с. 162-169. ISBN 978-617-569-316-2
  4. ^ Остров Шпицберген: место, где не рождаются и не умирают люди
  5. ^ The Cold Rim of the World. Longreads, March 2015.
  6. ^ Umbreit, Andreas. Spitsbergen: Svalbard, Franz Josef, Jan Mayen, 3rd: The Bradt Travel Guide. Bradt Travel Guides, 2005. ISBN 1841620920, 9781841620923. p. 200.
  7. ^ "Red October" (Krasny Octyabr)
  8. ^ Nuwer, Rachel. "A Soviet Ghost Town in the Arctic Circle, Pyramiden Stands Alone". Smithsonian Magazine. Smithsonian. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  9. ^ Pulling out of Pyramiden. BBC News, 2 September 2000.
  10. ^ Umbreit, 2009. Page 182.
  11. ^ a b Nytt liv for Pyramiden. Svalbardposten, 6 April 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-12.
  12. ^ Back in Pyramiden, Svalbard Archived 2013-06-18 at the Wayback Machine. Elin Andreassen and Hein B. Bjerck, Ruin Memories. Retrieved 2013-04-04.
  13. ^ Fløgstad i Pyramiden : Dagsavisen Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ A Soviet Ghost Town in the Arctic Circle, Pyramiden Stands Alone. Smithsonian magazine, 19 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-18.
  15. ^ Waves of Devastation, retrieved 2019-04-05
  16. ^ Clarke, Betty (20 September 2012). "Efterklang: Piramida – review". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  17. ^ TOVE STYRKE BORDERLINE-THE LODGE

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 78°39′22″N 16°19′30″E / 78.65611°N 16.32500°E / 78.65611; 16.32500