Pyrenean chamois

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Pyrenean chamois
Isard des pyrenees bigorre 2003.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Caprinae
Tribe: Caprini
Genus: Rupicapra
Species:
R. pyrenaica
Binomial name
Rupicapra pyrenaica
(Bonaparte, 1845)
Rupicapra pyrenaica range Map.png
Distribution of Pyrenean chamois

The Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica) is a goat-antelope that lives in the Pyrenees & Cantabrian Mountains of Spain, France & Andorra, and the Apennine Mountains of central Italy. It is one of the two species of the genus Rupicapra, the other being the chamois, Rupicapra rupicapra.[1]

Names[edit]

Subspecies[edit]

Image Subspecies Distribution
Rupicapra pyrenaica.jpg R. p. pyrenaica (Pyrenean chamois) France and Spain
Rebecos en Picos de Europa, BK1D3929.jpg R. p. parva (Cantabrian chamois) Spain
Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata 94813649.jpg R. p. ornata (Abruzzo chamois) Central and southern Italy

Description[edit]

Up to 80 cm tall, its summer coat is a ruddy brown; in winter, it is black or brown, with darker patches around the eyes. Both males and females have backward-hooked horns up to 20 cm in length. They browse on grass, lichens and buds of trees. Sure-footed and agile, they are found on any elevation up to 3000 m.

Conservation[edit]

Like other species of chamois, it was hunted almost to extinction, especially in the 1940s, for the production of chamois leather. The population has since recovered, and in 2022 was estimated to be about 50,000 mature individuals.[2][1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Herrero, J.; Lovari, S.; Nores, C.; Toigo, C. (2022). "Rupicapra pyrenaica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2022: e.T19771A217715455. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2022-1.RLTS.T19771A217715455.en. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  2. ^ Pérez-Barbería, F. J., García-González, R. (2004). "Rebeco – Rupicapra pyrenaica." Enciclopedia Virtual de los Vertebrados Españoles. Carrascal, L. M., Salvador, A. (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. Madrid, Spain.
  • Haack, M. 2002. Rupicapra pyrenaica. Animal Diversity Web. Accessed February 20, 2006.
  • Pérez, T., Albornoz, J. & Domínguez, A. (2002). Phylogeography of chamois (Rupicapra spp.) inferred from microsatellites. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 25, 524–534.