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Tropical checkered skipper, Pyrgus oileus
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Hesperiidae
Subfamily: Pyrginae
Tribe: Pyrgini
Burmeister, 1878
Celotes, streaky-skippers, Oklahoma

The Pyrgini are a tribe in the skipper butterfly subfamily Pyrginae. Formerly, when only four tribes of Pyrginae were recognized, the Pyrgini contained the largest number of genera among these. But this overly wide delimitation has since turned out to be paraphyletic.[1]

One of the traditional Pyrginae tribes, the Eudamini, had to be raised to subfamily rank as Eudaminae. Some genera now in the Eudaminae were placed in the Pyrgini in earlier times. In addition, a number of additional tribes – Achlyodidini, Carcharodini and Erynnini – are now usually recognized again. These are close relatives of the Pyrgini sensu stricto, and may just as well be included in them as they used to be: together they do still form a monophyletic group. Most authors prefer to keep them separate however, as each is an apomorphic and biogeographically distinct lineage of the Pyrgini sensu lato. Of these newly recognized tribes, the Achlyodidini are closest to the Pyrgini, but conspicuously differ from the latter in their unusually-shaped wings.[1]


The genera of the Pyrgini, after genomic research published in 2019, are:[2][1][3]


  1. ^ a b c Brower & Warren (2007)
  2. ^ Li, Wenlin; Cong, Qian; Shen, Jinhui; Zhang, Jing; et al. (2019). "Genomes of skipper butterflies reveal extensive convergence of wing patterns". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 116 (13): 6232–6237. Bibcode:2019PNAS..116.6232L. doi:10.1073/pnas.1821304116. PMC 6442542. PMID 30877254.
  3. ^ Pelham, Jonathan P. (2021). A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada (Report).
  4. ^ a b c Cong, Qian; Zhang, Jing; Shen, Jinhui; Grishin, Nick V. (2019-11-06). "Fifty new genera of Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera)". Insecta Mundi. 2019: 0731. doi:10.5281/zenodo.3677235. ISSN 0749-6737. PMC 8791444. PMID 35087260.


  • Brower, Andrew V.Z. & Warren, Andrew (2007): Tree of Life Web ProjectPyrgini. Version of 2007-MAR-04. Retrieved 2009-DEC-26.