From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Pyrin)
Jump to: navigation, search
Mediterranean fever
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Symbols MEFV ; FMF; MEF; TRIM20
External IDs OMIM608107 MGI1859396 HomoloGene32441 GeneCards: MEFV Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE MEFV 208262 x at tn.png
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 4210 54483
Ensembl ENSG00000103313 ENSMUSG00000022534
UniProt O15553 Q9JJ26
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_000243 NM_001161790
RefSeq (protein) NP_000234 NP_001155262
Location (UCSC) Chr 16:
3.29 – 3.31 Mb
Chr 16:
3.71 – 3.72 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

MEFV (Mediterranean fever) is a human gene that provides instructions for making a protein called pyrin (also known as marenostrin). Pyrin is produced in certain white blood cells (neutrophils, eosinophils and monocytes) that play a role in inflammation and in fighting infection. Inside these white blood cells, pyrin is found with the cytoskeleton, the structural framework that helps to define the shape, size, and movement of a cell. Pyrin's protein structure also allows it to interact with other molecules involved in fighting infection and in the inflammatory response.

Although pyrin's function is not fully understood, it likely assists in keeping the inflammation process under control. Research indicates that pyrin helps regulate inflammation by interacting with the cytoskeleton. Pyrin may direct the migration of white blood cells to sites of inflammation and stop or slow the inflammatory response when it is no longer needed.

The MEFV gene is located on the short (p) arm of chromosome 16 at position 13.3, from base pair 3,292,027 to 3,306,626.[1]

Related conditions[edit]

More than 80 MEFV mutations that cause familial Mediterranean fever have been identified. A few mutations delete small amounts of DNA from the MEFV gene, which can lead to an abnormally small protein. Most MEFV mutations, however, change one of the protein building blocks (amino acids) used to make pyrin. The most common mutation replaces the amino acid methionine with the amino acid valine at protein position 694 (written as Met694Val or M694V). Among people with familial Mediterranean fever, this particular mutation is also associated with an increased risk of developing amyloidosis, a complication in which abnormal protein deposits can lead to kidney failure. Some evidence suggests that another gene, called SAA1, can further modify the risk of developing amyloidosis among people with the M694V mutation.

MEFV mutations lead to reduced amounts of pyrin or a malformed pyrin protein that cannot function properly. As a result, pyrin cannot perform its presumed role in controlling inflammation, leading to an inappropriate or prolonged inflammatory response. Fever and inflammation in the abdomen, chest, joints, or skin are signs of familial Mediterranean fever.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "MEFV - Mediterranean fever". US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health & Human Services. 2011-04-07. Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  2. ^ Dogan, H; Akdemir, F; Tasdemir, S; Atis, O; Diyarbakir, E; Yildirim, R; Emet, M; Ikbal, M (2014). "A novel insertion mutation identified in exon 10 of the MEFV gene associated with Familial Mediterranean Fever". BMC medical genetics 15 (1): 74. doi:10.1186/1471-2350-15-74. PMC 4094690. PMID 24980720.  edit

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]