Pyrus elaeagrifolia

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Pyrus elaeagnifolia
Pyrus elaeagnifolia 1.jpg
P. elaeagrifolia stem with leaves
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Pyrus
Section: Pyrus
Species: P. elaeagnifolia
Binomial name
Pyrus elaeagnifolia

Pyrus elaeagnifolia, also oleaster-leafed pear, is a species of wild pear plant in the genus Pyrus (Rosaceae) the specific name referring to the similarity of its foliage to that of Elaeagnus angustifolia - the so-called 'wild olive' or Oleaster.

It is native to Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Turkey, and Ukraine's Crimea.[1] It prefers dry habitat and elevations up to 1,700 meters (5,600 ft). It grows to a height of 10 meters (33 ft). The flowers are hermaphrodite.[2] The species is highly resistant to drought and frost. It is sympatric with Pyrus pyraster. The species was first described by Peter Simon Pallas in 1793.[3]


Known subspecies are: Pyrus elaeagrifolia subsp. elaeagrifolia (no accessions), Pyrus elaeagrifolia subsp. kotschyana, Pyrus elaeagrifolia subsp. bulgarica, and Pyrus elaeagrifolia subsp. yaltirikii.[1][4]


  1. ^ a b GRIN (May 10, 2012). "Pyrus elaeagnifolia Pall.". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Pyrus elaeagnifolia - Pall.". Plants for a Future. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 
  3. ^ Hanelt, Peter; Büttner, R. (2001). Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. p. 465. ISBN 3-540-41017-1. 
  4. ^ Kole, Chittaranjan (2001). Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Temperate Fruits. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. p. 149. ISBN 978-3-642-16056-1. 

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