|Known for||Marriage to Nero|
Little is known about Pythagoras' background except that he was a freedman who accompanied Nero and was called "one of that filthy herd" (uni ex illo contaminatorum grege).
Marriage to Nero
...he stooped to marry himself to one of that filthy herd, by name Pythagoras, with all the forms of regular wedlock. The bridal veil was put over the emperor; people saw the witnesses of the ceremony, the wedding dower, the couch and the nuptial torches; everything in a word was plainly visible, which, even when a woman weds darkness hides.
Suetonius tells the story of Nero being the bride to a freedman named "Doryphorus". Both Tacitus and Dio Cassius mention only "Pythagoras". According to Champlin, it is improbable that a second such scandalous wedding occurred without being noted, and the simplest solution is that Suetonius mistook the name. Doryphorus, one of the wealthiest and most powerful of Nero's freedmen, died in the year 62 before the banquets of Tigellinus, where Nero, covered with skins of wild animals, was let loose from a cage and attacked the private parts of men and women bound to stakes, after which he was dispatched by his freedman "Doryphorus". As "doryphoros" means "spear bearer" (Δορυφόρος) like the statue, it may be that the latinized word had just capitalized the Greek word.
- Suetonius. Nero. 29
- Champlin, Edward (2005). Nero. Harvard University Press. p. 346. ISBN 978-0-674-01822-8.
- Ancient History Sourcebook: Suetonius: De Vita Caesarum--Nero, c. 110 C.E.
- Cassius Dio Roman History: LXII, 28 - LXIII, 12-13
- Frier, Bruce W. (2004). "Roman Same-Sex Weddings from the Legal Perspective". Classical Studies Newsletter, Volume X. University of Michigan. Retrieved 2012-02-24.
- Champlin, 2005, p.146
- Tacitus, Annals, XV, 38
- Champlin, 2005, p.161
- Champlin, 2005, p.169
- Champlin, 2005, p.166
- Champlin, 2005, p.313
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