Pythium violae

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Pythium violae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Chromalveolata
Phylum: Heterokontophyta
Class: Oomycetes
Order: Pythiales
Family: Pythiaceae
Genus: Pythium
Species: P. violae
Binomial name
Pythium violae
Chesters & Hickman, (1944)

Pythium violae is a plant pathogen infecting carrots. It is a soil-borne oomycete that causes the cavity spot disease of carrots.[1] Pythium sulcatum also causes a less serious form of this disease.[2] Pythium violae causes elliptical shaped brown lesions surrounded by a thin yellow halo on the surface of the taproot.[2] These lesions cause a blemished aesthetic appearance on the carrot, reducing their market value while maintaining yield.[3] The lesions are, on average, less than half an inch in diameter and appear near harvest, but can grow as the carrot matures and grow larger on processing varieties of carrots.[3] Low density hyphae are present in early formation of the lesions, but there is little to no presence of Pythium violae spores in the mature lesions making it difficult to diagnose in the field.[1] This disease can be instigated by excessive rainfall, poor soil drainage, cool temperatures, and low soil pH.[3] Pythium violae has been shown to infect and produce similar necrotic lesions on other hosts such as alfalfa, wheat, and broccoli. However, no economic loss has been reported from these alternate host infections. [4][5]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cooper, C; Isaac, S; Jones, M. G; Crowther, T; Smith, B. M; Collin, H. A (2004-01-01). "Morphological and biochemical response of carrots to Pythium violae, causative agent of Cavity Spot". Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology. 64 (1): 27–35. doi:10.1016/j.pmpp.2004.04.005. 
  2. ^ a b "Cavity spot disease of carrots". www.agric.wa.gov.au. Retrieved 2015-10-22. 
  3. ^ a b c "UC IPM: UC Management Guidelines for Cavity Spot on Carrot". www.ipm.ucdavis.edu. Retrieved 2015-10-22. 
  4. ^ "Host range of carrot cavity spot fungus". www.agric.wa.gov.au. Retrieved 2015-10-22. 
  5. ^ "Host range and influence of nutrition, temperature, and pH on growth of Pythium violae from carrot". cat.inist.fr. Retrieved 2015-11-11.