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Pyuthan (also known as Pyuthan Khalanga) is municipality in Pyuthan District, a Middle Hills district of Rapti Zone, western Nepal. It is also the District Headquarter and the administrative center. The municipality was established on 18 May 2014 by merging the existing Pyuthan Khalanga, Bijubar, Dakha Kwadi, Bijaya Nagar, Dharmawati, Maranthana and Khaira village development committees.
The town is situated on a mountainside about 500 meters above the intensively cultivated floodplain of Jhimruk Khola about 15 kilometers north of the Mahabharat Range in the Middle Hills. Besides expansive views of Jhimruk valley there are limited views of a few peaks in the western part of the Dhaulagiri range off to the north. The town is populated by government officials, by soldiers and police of Magar and other "hill tribes" and their mostly Chhetri officers, by Newar merchants, by civil servants recruited mostly from local Bahun and Chhetri castes, as well as menial castes who labor as tailors, cobblers, blacksmiths and construction workers.
Before King Gyanendra was removed from office in 2008, this district center was virtually a royalist island in a republican sea. Pyuthan district was the home base of Mohan Bikram Singh who was a charter member of the Communist Party of Nepal. Singh did extensive organizational work in his home district and other parts of Rapti Zone, resulting in local opposition to the Shah dynasty that largely ran the country. Although M. B. Singh was marginalized in leftist politics before the Nepalese Civil War broke out in 1996, his organizational work helped make Rapti Zone the "heartland" of the insurgency and left the district center vulnerable and isolated for the duration.
To promote local culture Pyuthan has two community radio stations; Radio Mandavi - 97.0 MHz and Radio Pyuthan - 92.0 MHz.
Settlements that are part of Pyuthan
- "Nepal Census 2001". Nepal's Village Development Committees. Digital Himalaya. Retrieved 21 September 2008.
- "72 new municipalities announced". My Republica.com. Retrieved 2014-06-10.
- "Government announces 72 new municipalities". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 2014-06-10.
- "Index of Geographical Names of Nepal, Volume IV: Mid Western Development Region, List of Settlements, Pyuthan" (PDF). Government of Nepal, National Geographic Information Infrastructure Program. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
Ligha 7 Pyuthan