Coordinates: 52°10′N 17°41′E / 52.167°N 17.683°E / 52.167; 17.683
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Franciscan Church of the Beheading of St. John the Baptist
Franciscan Church of the Beheading of St. John the Baptist
Coat of arms of Pyzdry
Pyzdry is located in Poland
Coordinates: 52°10′N 17°41′E / 52.167°N 17.683°E / 52.167; 17.683
Country Poland
VoivodeshipGreater Poland
First mentioned1232
Town rightsbefore 1257
 • Total12.16 km2 (4.70 sq mi)
90 m (300 ft)
 • Total3,228
 • Density270/km2 (690/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Vehicle registrationPWR

Pyzdry ([ˈpɨzdrɨ]) (Yiddish: Payzer[2]) is a town in Września County, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland, with 3,228 inhabitants (2010).


Medieval Saint Mary church

Pyzdry was first mentioned in 1232, when army of Silesian Piast Duke Henry I the Bearded entered Greater Poland. Pyzdry is one of the oldest town of the province, as in 1257 it was mentioned as a location governed by a vogt, which means that a well-established urban center must have already existed here. It is not known when Pyzdry received Magdeburg rights; most likely it happened during the reign of Duke Bolesław the Pious.

On 29 June 1318 Ladislaus the Short called at Pyzdry a meeting of Polish nobility and bishops, during which it was agreed that a delegation be sent to Pope John XXII, asking for his permission to grant Polish Crown to Ladislaus. In 1331, Pyzdry was burned to the ground by the Teutonic Knights in the Battle of Pyzdry. Following the destruction, King Casimir III of Poland ordered construction of a defensive wall with a mighty castle. In 1345, a truce between Casimir and John of Bohemia was signed here.

On 6 June 1346 Casimir presented at Pyzdry legal statutes for the province of Greater Poland. In 1390, King Władysław II Jagiełło met here with Wartislaw VII, Duke of Pomerania, who pledged vassalage to king of Poland. Pyzdry was a royal town and county seat, administratively located in the Kalisz Voivodeship in the Greater Poland Province of the Kingdom of Poland,[3] and in 1562, it was named as the location of gatherings of pospolite ruszenie (levée en masse) for the Kalisz Voivodeship. The town was in 1655 captured and looted by Swedish soldiers (see Swedish invasion of Poland), and in 1704, a battle between supporters of Stanisław Leszczyński and Augustus II the Strong took place here. In 1768, Pyzdry burned in a great fire. The 1st Polish National Cavalry Brigade was stationed in the town.[4]

Following the Second Partition of Poland, Pyzdry was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia (1793). After the successful Greater Poland uprising of 1806, it was regained by Poles, and included within the newly established, however short-lived Duchy of Warsaw. Following the duchy's dissolution in 1815, it became part of Russian-controlled Congress Poland, in which it remained until World War I, and was the westernmost point of the Russian Empire. In 1818, Pyzdry County was disbanded. During the January Uprising, on 17 April 1863, the town was captured by Polish insurgents led by Edmund Taczanowski.[5] On 29 April 1863 the Battle of Pyzdry was fought nearby, in which Polish insurgents led by Taczanowski defeated Russian troops.[6] In 1867, as punishment for the January Uprising, Russians reduced Pyzdry to the status of a village. In 1918 Poland regained independence and control of Pyzdry, and in 1919 town rights were restored.

Following the joint German-Soviet invasion of Poland, which started World War II in September 1939, the town was occupied by Germany until 1945.


Historical population
Source: [7][1]


The town has several points of interest:

  • historic urban center, which was shaped in the 14th century,
  • parish church (built in mid-14th century, remodelled in the 15th century and in 1865–1870),
  • Franciscan abbey (14th century),
  • Baroque monastery (1690), located on the Warta river,
  • ruins of a castle and defensive wall (early 14th century),
  • houses from 18th and 19th centuries,

Notable people[edit]

Among people born here are Mikołaj of Pyzdry (rector of Jagiellonian University), writer Stefan Otwinowski and film director Ewa Petelska.


  1. ^ a b Stan i struktura ludności oraz ruch naturalny w przekroju terytorialnym w 2010 r. (PDF) (in Polish). Warszawa: Główny Urząd Statystyczny. 2011. p. 107. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2011.
  2. ^ Beider, Alexander (2012). "Eastern Yiddish Toponyms of German Origin" (PDF). Yiddish Studies Today. ISBN 978-3-943460-09-4, ISSN 2194-8879 (düsseldorf university press, Düsseldorf 2012). Retrieved 26 December 2023.
  3. ^ Atlas historyczny Polski. Wielkopolska w drugiej połowie XVI wieku. Część I. Mapy, plany (in Polish). Warszawa: Instytut Historii Polskiej Akademii Nauk. 2017. p. 1b.
  4. ^ Gembarzewski, Bronisław (1925). Rodowody pułków polskich i oddziałów równorzędnych od r. 1717 do r. 1831 (in Polish). Warszawa: Towarzystwo Wiedzy Wojskowej. p. 7.
  5. ^ Zieliński, Stanisław (1913). Bitwy i potyczki 1863-1864. Na podstawie materyałów drukowanych i rękopiśmiennych Muzeum Narodowego w Rapperswilu (in Polish). Rapperswil: Fundusz Wydawniczy Muzeum Narodowego w Rapperswilu. p. 196.
  6. ^ Zieliński, pp. 198–199
  7. ^ Dokumentacja Geograficzna (in Polish). Vol. 3/4. Warszawa: Instytut Geografii Polskiej Akademii Nauk. 1967. p. 41.