Q-type Queens car (New York City Subway car)

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Q-Type Queens car
BMT Q-Type car #1612C on display at the New York Transit Museum
Manufacturer Jewett Car Company, Newark, Ohio
Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation
Number built 114 cars assembled into 42 operating units
Number preserved 2
Number scrapped 112
Formation Three-car sets
Fleet numbers 1600-1629 A-B-C (Q)
1630-1641 A-B (QX)
Capacity 50 seats (A and C cars), 52 seats (B car)(Q)/ 50 seats (A and B cars)(QX)
Operator(s) Brooklyn Rapid Transit
Car body construction Wood with steel frames and ends
Train length 137 feet (41.8 m) over the extreme ends of each unit
Car length 49 feet 3 inches (15.01 m)
Width 8 feet 8 inches (2.64 m)
Height 12 feet (3.66 m)
Weight 57,000 lb (26,000 kg)
Traction system WH 225113 (Q)
WH 225112 (QX)
GE 259, WH 336 (Q, 1 per motor truck)
WH 300 (QX, 2 per motor truck)
Power output 120 hp (89 kW) per motor (Q)
200 hp (150 kW) per motor (QX)
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) (standard gauge)

The Q-Type (and QX) was a New York City Subway car built by the Jewett Car Company, and rebuilt in 1938 by the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) for elevated railway service to the 1939 New York World's Fair from BU cars in the 1200 and 1400 series, elevated stock originally built in 1903 and in 1907.

After BMT service on the joint IRT-BMT Flushing Line ended in 1949, the Q-types were refitted for operation of the IRT Third Avenue Line in Manhattan. After the latter line closed in 1955, the Q-types were refitted again to operate on the BMT Myrtle Avenue Line in 1958 to replace the last elevated gate cars in passenger service. When the lower part of the Myrtle Avenue Line closed in 1969, the Q-types were finally retired.[1] The oldest of the cars were in revenue service for 66 years, currently the longest such service life in New York City rapid transit operations.

Two examples of this car survive. The two are car 1612C (ex-BU 1417) is preserved at the New York Transit Museum, and car 1602C, which is at the Trolley Museum of New York.[2] The latter is awaiting restoration and is coupled with that museum's other subway car units.