Q10 (New York City bus)
|Lefferts Boulevard−JFK Airport|
A JFK Airport-bound Q10 entering service near the Union Turnpike station.
|System||MTA Regional Bus Operations|
|Operator||MTA Bus Company|
|Communities served||Kew Gardens, Richmond Hill, Ozone Park, South Ozone Park|
|Start||Kew Gardens, Queens – Queens Boulevard / Kew Gardens Road & 80th Road|
|Via||Lefferts Boulevard, Rockaway Boulevard|
|End||South Ozone Park, Queens – 149th Avenue & 150th Avenue
JFK Airport – Terminal 5 (full route)
|Length||8 miles (13 km)|
|Operates||24 hours[note 1]|
|Daily ridership||7,323,942 (2015)|
|Fare||$2.75 (MetroCard or coins)|
|Cash||Coins only (exact change required)|
The Q10 bus route constitutes a public transit line in Queens, New York City, United States, running primarily along Lefferts Boulevard between a transfer with the New York City Subway in Kew Gardens to Terminal 5 at John F. Kennedy International Airport. Formerly privately operated by Green Bus Lines, the route is currently city-operated under the MTA Bus Company brand of MTA Regional Bus Operations.
Route description and service
The Q10 begins at the Kew Gardens Subway station at Kew Gardens Road and 80th Road. It then turns on 80th Road, and then onto Austin Street, and turns onto Lefferts Boulevard, where it continues until Rockaway Boulevard. Q10 locals turn onto Rockaway Boulevard, and then run via 130th Street, and then via 150th Avenue, and then it runs via the Van Wyck Expressway service road to Terminal Five. At Rockaway Boulevard, Q10 Limiteds continue via Lefferts Boulevard, until it meets the Airtrain JFK, and then turns via Pan Am Road, and then goes via the Van Wyck Expressway service road to Terminal Five. Q10 Limited buses operate every day from about 6:00 AM to 9:00 PM. During the morning rush hour, some northbound Q10 locals start at 150th Avenue. During the PM rush hour, some Q10 locals start at Queens Boulevard and 80th Road, running to 150th Avenue or JFK Central Terminal.
Until 2006, an express service called the Q10A had run from the Kew Gardens subway station to JFK Airport Terminal Four, via the Van Wyck Expressway, operating non-stop from Kew Gardens to Federal Circle. There were six Q10A trips, all running toward JFK Airport during morning rush hours. The service was replaced by the Q10 Limited.
The first iteration of the Q10 came about on April 28, 1921, and was operated by the Richmond Hill Bus Corporation. The New York City Department of Plant & Structures temporarily took over the route and named it DPS Route 53. Afterwards, the Q10 route number was assigned. Originally the Q10 had three destinations; one was at Old South Road, which is at the current intersection of the Belt Parkway and North and South Conduit Avenues at Lefferts, another was at Hamilton Beach, and the final destination was Richmond Hill Circle, which was not near Richmond Hill, and it was located about a half-mile south of 130th Street and the Belt Parkway.
In 1936, Queens was divided into four zones, for bus operating franchise purposes. With the new zone setup, one company would be awarded the franchise in each zone, with any remaining smaller operations acquired by the larger company. The Q10 fell into Zone C, the zone for Ozone Park, Woodhaven, Richmond Hill, and the Rockaways, and the route was awarded to Green Bus Lines. On November 25, 1936, Q10 service began to be operated by Green Bus Lines.
Between 1990 and 1996, the Q10A was created, running express between the Kew Gardens subway station and JFK Airport, making no stops to Federal Circle. It only operated toward JFK Airport.
On January 9, 2006, the MTA Bus Company took over the operations of the Green Bus Line routes. Under the MTA on September 3, 2006, Q10A service was discontinued, due to low ridership and parallel service from the AirTrain JFK. The Q10A was replaced by the Q10 Limited, which made limited stops along the entire route, and ran on weekdays and on Saturdays. At that time, Q10 service to all JFK terminals except Terminal 4 was replaced by AirTrain JFK. On April 6, 2008, limited service was expanded to Sundays.
Beginning on September 4, 2011, Q10 local buses on the Lefferts Boulevard branch were rerouted to remain on Lefferts Boulevard south of Conduit Avenue, and to continue along Lefferts Boulevard and Pan Am Roadd into JFK Airport, where they returned to their regular route along 130th Place. The Conduit Avenue branch of the Q10 was discontinued and Q10 buses stopped accessing JFK Airport at 134th Street.
In spring 2013, 60-foot (18 m) articulated buses began replacing the standard 40-foot (12 m) buses on the route. The Q10 was the second route in Queens to receive articulated buses, after the Q44. The Q10 got articulated buses because its buses were overcrowded, and because it was the third busiest route in the city. The use of articulated buses received positive feedback from commuters, but opposition from some local residents and business owners to potential traffic issues and loss of parking spaces.
On February 24, 2013, Q10 short-turn buses terminating at 150th Avenue and 149th Street stopped running via 150th Avenue. Instead, the bus route was changed, with buses running via South Conduit Avenue between 130th Street and 134th Street. The route was changed in order to avoid congestion at the Sanitation yard on 150th Street. An additional reason for the change was to allow buses to avoid making a turn onto South Conduit Avenue from 132nd Street, because there is no traffic light at this intersection and vehicles often pass at high speeds, often causing severe delays. Additionally, 132nd Street is a narrow residential block.
On April 28, 2013, all Q10 buses that ran via Lefferts Boulevard south of Rockaway Boulevard became limited-stop only, discontinuing stops at Sutter Avenue, 133rd Avenue, and 149th Avenue. A limited bus stop was added at 150th Avenue. At this time, the hours of the Q10 Limited were expanded, running between 5:30 AM–11:30 PM weekdays, and 6:15 AM–11:30 PM on Saturdays and Sundays, similar to former Lefferts Boulevard branch local service hours.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Q10 (New York City bus).|
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