Q38 (New York City bus)

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For additional information on the current bus services, see List of bus routes in Queens.
Q38
Eliot Avenue
Penelope Avenue−63rd Drive
Corona−Middle Village−Rego Park
2011 New Flyer C40LF 206 on the Q38 at Middle Village-Metropolitan Ave.jpg
Overview
System MTA Regional Bus Operations
Operator MTA Bus Company
Garage College Point Depot
Vehicle New Flyer C40LF CNG
Began service June 17, 1934 (Q38 Penelope Avenue service)[1][2][3]
1940s (Q45X/Q50 Eliot Avenue service)[4][5][6]
July 3, 1960 (Combined Penelope/Eliot service)[7][8]
Route
Locale Queens
Communities served Rego Park, LeFrak City, Forest Hills, Elmhurst, Corona, Middle Village, Maspeth
Start Corona – 62nd Drive & 108th Street
Via Eliot Avenue, Metropolitan Avenue, Penelope Avenue, 63rd Drive, 62nd Drive / 63rd Road
End Rego Park – 62nd Drive & 108th Street
Service
Operates All times except late nights[9]
Fare $2.75 (MetroCard or coins)
Cash Coins only (exact change required)
Transfers Yes
Timetable Q38
← Q37 Q39 →

The Q38 bus route constitutes a public transit route in Queens, New York City, United States. The route travels from the Corona and Elmhurst neighborhoods to the Rego Park neighborhood, running in a C-shape via the Metropolitan Avenue station in Middle Village.[10][11] It runs daily, from about 6 AM to 12 AM Weekdays and Saturdays, and from 7 AM to 12 AM on Sundays.[9][10] Formerly privately operated by Triboro Coach Corporation, the route is now city-operated under the MTA Bus Company brand of MTA Regional Bus Operations.

Route[edit]

The Q38's terminals at Corona and Rego Park are less than a half mile apart, the closest together for any route in Queens. The termini are located within a block of the Long Island Expressway to the north and south respectively. Both the Eliot Avenue and the Penelope Avenue sections run one to two blocks away from the Juniper Valley Park, on opposite sides of the park. The two sections also run along the northern and southern edges of the Lutheran All Faiths Cemetery, respectively.[10][11] The Q38 is based from College Point Depot, using New Flyer C40LF compressed natural gas buses dispatched from the depot. It was previously based out of LaGuardia Depot, the former Triboro Coach depot, until 2010.[12]

Corona-bound[edit]

Going "northbound" towards Corona (or southbound towards Middle Village from Rego Park), the Q38 starts at 108th Street and 62nd Drive in Rego Park, and travels west down 62nd Drive all the way until Queens Boulevard. Then it turns left onto Queens Boulevard for block down and then turns right on 63rd Drive. Here, the route serves the 63rd Drive – Rego Park station of the IND Queens Boulevard Line and the Rego Center shopping complex. The route proceeds west along 63rd Drive past Woodhaven Boulevard, where 63rd Drive turns into Penelope Avenue, until 77th Place. Juniper Valley Park sits one block to the north at this location. The Q38 then travels in a zigzag pattern in which it turns left (south) onto 77th Place for a block, then right (west) on Furmanville Avenue, then left on 75th Place, then right on Juniper Valley Road, left on 69th Street, then right onto Metropolitan Avenue. Traveling west along Metropolitan, the route stops at the Middle Village – Metropolitan Avenue station of the BMT Myrtle Avenue Line, and the Metro Mall shopping center.[9][10][13]

The Q38 continues west to Fresh Pond Road,[note 1] where it turns north and then east onto Eliot Avenue. The Q38 continues down Eliot Avenue until Woodhaven Boulevard, then turns north a short distance on Woodhaven until Queens Boulevard. Here, the route serves the Queens Center Mall and the Woodhaven Boulevard station of the IND Queens Boulevard Line. The route continues east along 59th Avenue, then north on Junction Boulevard, east on 57th Avenue (passing LeFrak City), north on 98th Street, east on Christie Avenue, south on 99th Street, and east on 60th Avenue, before making a sharp right to its terminus at Otis Avenue and Horace Harding Expressway in Corona.[9][10][13][14]

Rego Park-bound[edit]

Going towards Rego Park & Forest Hills from Corona, the Q38 originates at Otis Avenue and the Horace Harding Expressway, then makes a right on 99th Street, turns left on Christie Avenue, left on 98th Street, right on 57th Avenue, and left on Hoffman Drive to reach Woodhaven Boulevard. At Hoffman Drive and Queens Boulevard, it interchanges with the Woodhaven Boulevard station, and the Q11, Q21, Q29, Q52, Q53, Q59 and Q60 bus routes. The Q38 then turns right onto Woodhaven Boulevard, left onto Eliot Avenue to Middle Village, right onto Fresh Pond Road,[note 1] left onto Metropolitan Avenue, and then reaches the Metropolitan Avenue station.

From there, it continues on Metropolitan Avenue, turns left at 69th Street, then begins the zigzag route via 69th Street, Juniper Valley Road, 75th Place, Furmanville Avenue, and 78th Street before turning east onto Penelope Avenue, which turns into 63rd Drive. At Queens Boulevard, 63rd Drive changes names again and becomes 63rd Road. The Q38 utilizes 63rd Road until 110th Street, then makes a left on 62nd Drive, terminating at 108th Street.[9][10][14]

History[edit]

The current Q38 is a combination of several services which ran under Triboro Coach. The Penelope Avenue route was originally started by the Affiliated Bus Transit Corporation on June 17, 1934,[1][2][3] given the designation "Q-38" by the fall of that year.[15] The original Q38 route began in East Elmhurst near Flushing Bay, running south down 108th Street, west on 62nd Drive and Apex Place. It then followed the current Q38 route through Rego Park, Forest Hills and Middle Village via 63rd Drive, Penelope Avenue, and the "zig-zag" pattern ending at the Metropolitan Avenue station.[1] Later in 1934, the northern terminus was moved south to Corona at the 111th Street station of the IRT Flushing Line, running south along 111th Street and short portions of Corona Avenue and Colonial Avenue. It then followed 62nd Drive, Apex Place, and the current Q38 route to the Metropolitan Avenue station.[1][15][16][17][18][19] Affiliated Bus operated the route on several temporary permits,[1][3][20] before being granted a five-year contract from the city in November 1934.[21] The route was acquired in 1936 by Triboro Coach Corporation, as part of the company's takeover of all routes within "Zone A" (Greater Woodside) of Queens. Affiliated Bus was not compensated for the takeover, as their equipment was considered obsolete.[22][17] At the time, the roads along the route were much rougher and more difficult to traverse than other parts of Queens. In addition, the route was considered unprofitable, and received spotty service via Triboro Coach's oldest buses as a result.[17] By 1948, the Corona portion of the Q38 was eliminated, and it was truncated to its current Rego Park terminus at 108th Street.[16]

The Eliot Avenue portion of the line was a separate Triboro Coach route. It initially operated as alternate branches of the Q45 (now the southern half Q47), which began service in 1940. Buses would run from Jackson Heights at the Victor Moore Bus Terminal to around Eliot Avenue and 80th Street, before turning south towards 69th Street at the Lutheran All Faiths Cemetery. An alternate routing turning north on Eliot towards Woodhaven Boulevard never operated. The service was referred to as the "Q45 Extension".[2][16][23][24][4] The spurs later became a distinct route called the Q45X (short for "Q45 Extension") or the Q45 Eliot Avenue Line, running on Eliot Avenue from Woodhaven Boulevard south to 69th Street.[16][4][25][5][6] Around 1948 the route was extended north past Queens Boulevard to Corona in modern LeFrak City,[16][5][26] and south to 60th Place and 62nd Avenue near Metropolitan Avenue.[16][5][26][27][6] By the 1950s, the route was renamed the Q50 (distinct from the current Q50 between Flushing and the Bronx).[16]

On July 3, 1960, the Penelope and Eliot Avenue routes were combined into the current loop service, with the Q38 designation retained for the entire route.[7][8][28][29][26] The Corona end of the route was later extended east to its current terminus at Otis Avenue.[30]

On February 2, 2006, Triboro Coach ceased operations, and the Q38, as well as all other routes operating under Triboro Coach, were picked-up by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). Fare structures remained the same for all newly acquired services.[31][32][33] The former Triboro Coach depot in East Elmhurst became the LaGuardia Depot under MTA Bus.[32] The Q38 remained at LaGuardia Depot until January 2010, when it was based out of College Point Depot.[12] The fleet changed, as the RTS and Orion VII Hybrid buses that made up the line would be replaced by Orion V CNG buses. However, the Q38 did use CNG buses before, as Triboro Coach did use CNG buses, and used CNG buses until after takeover. In April 2006, an explosion at LaGuardia Depot which left several buses totaled or damaged force the MTA to take the CNG fueling station. From that point on, all LaGuardia Depot routes operated with Diesel or Hybrid buses. The Q38 is still out of College Point, and uses CNG equipment up to this date.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Q38 schedule and Queens Bus Map show the route turning on Fresh Pond Road from Metropolitan Avenue to Eliot Avenue. MTA Bus Time, however, shows the route turning on 60th Lane or 60th Place depending on direction.". 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "New Bus Line Makes First Trips Today: Links East Elmhurst and Other Points With Middle Village" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. June 17, 1934. p. 20. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "NEW YORK CITY TRANSIT ROUTES". www.chicagorailfan.com. Retrieved 2015-12-31. 
  3. ^ a b c "6 Bus Lines Bid on Five New Routes: No Definite Action Seen on Franchises Before Fall or Winter" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. June 30, 1934. p. 6. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c Triboro Coach (June 8, 1943). "TRIBORO COACH CORP. ANNOUNCES 20% EMERGENCY CURTAILMENT IN BUS SERVICE Effective Monday. June 7. 1943" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Retrieved March 4, 2016 – via Fultonhistory.com. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Triboro Seeks Revisions for 8 Bus Routes" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. September 27, 1948. p. 11. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c "Maspeth Group Protests Curb of Bus Service: Rush Hour Curtailment Blasted by Elm Civic Association" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. September 23, 1948. p. 40. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "Map & Guide: Triboro Coach Corp.". Photobucket. Triboro Coach. Retrieved 2016-03-04. 
  8. ^ a b "Map & Guide: Triboro Coach Corp.". Photobucket. Triboro Coach. Retrieved 2016-03-04. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Q38 bus schedule MTA Regional Bus Operations.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Queens Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). 
  11. ^ a b Rosen, Allan (September 23, 2014). "The Commute: Why We Need Better Bus Service – Part 1 Of 3". Sheepshead Bites. Retrieved 7 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b Pozarycki, Robert (March 6, 2014). "A WINTER OF DISCONTENT". Times Newsweekly. Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  13. ^ a b "MTA Bus Time: Q38 Eliot Ave - Penelope Ave". mta.info. MTA Bus Time. 
  14. ^ a b Pozarycki, Robert (May 1, 2014). "MULLING M. V. BUS CHANGE". Times Newsweekly. Retrieved 7 July 2016. 
  15. ^ a b "Franchise Hearing: Motor Omnibus Line-Borough of Queens" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. November 12, 1934. p. 6. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g "1946 Triboro Coach Map". BMT Lines. Triboro Coach. 1946. Retrieved March 3, 2016. 
  17. ^ a b c "Zone Plan Proves Successful With Passengers in Woodside Area" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. April 6, 1937. p. 5. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  18. ^ "Legal Notices" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. September 13, 1946. p. 8. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  19. ^ "Public Notices" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. October 10, 1934. p. 8. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  20. ^ "Mayor Scores Bus Interests as 'Too Fresh'" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. June 2, 1934. p. 12. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  21. ^ "15 Companies Win Bus Franchises" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. November 14, 1934. p. 1. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  22. ^ "Bus Routes Changed By Zone Plan; Some Riders to be Forced to Transfer; Committee Takes Corona Line From North Shore, Gives It to Tri-Boro" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press (Long Island Sunday Press) (316). Fultonhistory.com. January 12, 1936. p. 4. Retrieved 12 January 2016. 
  23. ^ "City to Consider New Bus Routes in Northern Queens: Sunnyside, Corona And Jackson Heights Included." (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. September 28, 1939. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  24. ^ "Public Notice; Board of Estimate Notice of Public Hearings; Franchise Matters" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. September 29, 1939. p. 21. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  25. ^ Welsh, Frederick J. (October 11, 1945). "Miniature Riots Occur Daily For Seats at Flushing Depot" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. p. 1. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  26. ^ a b c "Legal Notices" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. March 16, 1959. p. 7. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  27. ^ "Logical Extension" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. September 27, 1948. p. 4. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  28. ^ "Map & Guide: Triboro Coach Corp.". Photobucket. Triboro Coach. Retrieved 2016-03-04. 
  29. ^ "Map & Guide: Triboro Coach Corp.". Photobucket. Triboro Coach. Retrieved 2016-03-04. 
  30. ^ "1975 Queens Bus Map". wardmaps.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1975. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  31. ^ Lueck, Thomas J. (April 23, 2005). "City to Buy Private Bus Company for Service in Three Boroughs". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 October 2015. 
  32. ^ a b Silverman, Norman (July 26, 2010). "The Merger of 7 Private Bus Companies into MTA Bus" (PDF). apta.com. American Public Transportation Association, Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-16. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  33. ^ "Mayor Bloomberg Announces MTA Takeover of Green Bus Lines". The official website of the City of New York. 2006-01-08. Retrieved 2015-12-31. 

External links[edit]