Q46 (New York City bus)

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For additional information on the current bus services, see List of bus routes in Queens.
Q46 / Q46 Limited
Union Turnpike
NYC Transit logo.svg
a bus in Q46 service on a large road in Kew Gardens Hills, Queens, during the winter
A now-retired Nova Bus RTS-06 in Q46 service at Parsons Boulevard in Kew Gardens Hills, Queens.
Overview
System MTA Regional Bus Operations
Operator New York City Transit Authority
Garage Queens Village Depot
Vehicle
Began service 1939
1974 (Q46 limited-stop service)
Route
Locale Queens
Communities served Kew Gardens, Kew Gardens Hills, Hillcrest, Fresh Meadows, Oakland Gardens, Bellaire, Glen Oaks, Floral Park
Landmarks served Queens Borough Hall, St. John's University, Creedmoor Psychiatric Center, Queens County Farm Museum, Queens Hospital Center
Start Kew Gardens – Queens Boulevard / Union Turnpike station
Via Union Turnpike
End Oakland Gardens – Springfield Boulevard (Rush hour local service)
Glen Oaks – Little Neck Parkway & 260th Street (Glen Oaks Branch)
Lake Success, Nassau County – Long Island Jewish Medical Center (full route)
Service
Operates 24 hours[note 1][1]
Daily ridership 6,594,164 (2014)[2]
Fare $2.75 (MetroCard or coins)
Cash Coins only (exact change required)
Transfers Yes
Timetable Q46
← Q44  {{{system_nav}}}  Q47 →

The Q46 bus route constitutes a public transit line in Queens, New York City, United States, running primarily along Union Turnpike from a transfer with the Subway in Kew Gardens to either Glen Oaks, or Long Island Jewish Hospital in Lake Success.

Originally named the Q44A, the bus route was originally operated by the North Shore Bus Company from December 4, 1939[3] to 1947. On April 12, 1990, the bus route was renumbered to Q46. It was extended from Lakeville Road to Long Island Jewish Hospital on September 7, 1997. Overnight and weekend service to Glen Oaks eliminated in September 2002.

Route description and service[edit]

The Q46 begins on the north side of Queens Boulevard at the Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike subway station (E F trains) of the IND Queens Boulevard Line, and travels via Union Turnpike. At 260th Street in Glen Oaks near the east end of Union Turnpike, the route splits into two branches. One branch, which operates only on weekdays, turns north onto 260th Street and terminates at Little Neck Parkway near the Queens County Farm Museum. The full-time branch continues east on Union Turnpike until Lakeville Road, where the bus turns north and briefly enters Nassau County, and then terminates at Long Island Jewish Medical Center (LIJ).[1] Prior to 2008, LIJ-bound buses entered the hospital grounds and terminated at a dedicated layover area. In February of that year, the Q46 began terminating outside the hospital gates due to construction.[4][5][6] As of 2015, the Q46 terminates within LIJ.[7]

Limited-stop service is operated along the Q46 route during rush hours. Limited-stop service is bidirectional during the AM rush hour, and in the peak-direction during the PM rush hour. Limited-stop buses make limited stops between Queens Boulevard and Springfield Boulevard, and local stops east of Springfield. Local service operates between Kew Gardens and Springfield Boulevard. During the AM rush hour, eastbound Q46 locals terminate in Glen Oaks, while eastbound Q46 limiteds terminated at LIJ, with Kew Gardens-bound limited service originating from either terminal. During the PM rush hour, Q46 locals terminate at Springfield Boulevard, while limiteds alternate between Glen Oaks of LIJ. No limited-stop service operates on weekends.[1]

History[edit]

The North Shore Bus Company began operating a bus route along Union Turnpike on December 4, 1939.[3] Prior to World War II, the route was originally the Union Turnpike branch of the Q44, running between Queens Boulevard in Kew Gardens and 188th Street.[8] By 1942, the route was extended to Hollis Court Boulevard at the east end of Cunningham Park.[8] It was later renamed the Q44A.[9] In 1947, North Shore Bus would be taken over by the Board of Transportation, making the bus route city operated.[10][11]

On December 7, 1947, under city control, the Q44A was extended from Springfield Boulevard to Glen Oaks Village at Union Turnpike and 247th Street to serve new apartments there.[12][13] At a later point the bus was extended to Lakeville Road.

On January 13, 1950, a spur of the Q44A was approved to turn off at 260th Street and operate via 260th Street to Little Neck Parkway.[14]

Limited-stop service began on February 11, 1974. Along with the M15, the two routes became the first to use limited service in the city. Limited-stop service would be bidirectional during the AM rush hour, and peak-direction during the PM rush hour. In April 1974, an extension of the Q44A to Long Island Jewish Hospital was approved, which made the first city route to extend into Nassau County.[15][16] These limited-stop buses were labeled as expresses. Eastbound expresses only stopped at Main Street, 149th Street, and Springfield Boulevard before making all stops. After running local to Winchester Boulevard, westbound expresses only stopped at Cloverdale Boulevard (226th Street), Springfield Boulevard, 149th Street, Main Street, and the subway. Some buses on the Glen Oaks Branch used to continue up Little Neck Parkway, turning west on the Grand Central Parkway service road, and turning onto Commonwealth Road, going east on the Grand Central Parkway service road, before it terminated at Little Neck Parkway and 260 Street. Between 4:50 and 6:35 PM, local service only ran to Springfield Boulevard, and free transfers were issued to continue past Springfield Boulevard via express Q44As.[17]

When the Queens Village depot was opened on September 8, 1974, the Q44A was reassigned from Flushing Depot (the former North Shore Bus Company facility).[18] Around this time, there was a third branch in Little Neck, separate from the Glen Oaks branch. This branch diverged north at Commonwealth Boulevard, running along Commonwealth and the Grand Central Parkway service road and terminating at Little Neck Parkway.[19] The Q44A was renumbered to the Q46 on April 12, 1990. The Q46 was extended from Lakeville Road to Long Island Jewish Hospital on September 7, 1997.[20][21]

Overnight and weekend service to Glen Oaks was eliminated on September 8, 2002.[22][23] On February 2, 2008, the LIJ branch's terminal was moved to Lakeville Road outside the hospital gates due to construction within the hospital grounds, particularly a new women's hospital adjacent to the bus stop.[4][5][6] The Katz Women's Hospital was completed in December 2011,[24] and the Q46 began running to a new terminal within the hospital.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Service to Glen Oaks operates weekdays only". 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Q46 bus schedule MTA Regional Bus Operations.
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures". mta.info. 2011-08-28. Retrieved 2016-01-19. 
  3. ^ a b "New Bus Service to Help Owners". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. December 17, 1939. p. 47. Retrieved 14 October 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 
  4. ^ a b "NYC Transit: Bus Service Advisories Queens". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-04-24. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "FINAL GENERIC ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT for the Long Island Jewish Medical Center Modernization Program" (PDF). Dormitory Authority of the State of New York, Long Island Jewish Medical Center. June 2, 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Long Island Jewish Medical Center Modernization Program Draft Generic Environmental Impact Statement" (PDF). Dormitory Authority of the State of New York. 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Northeast Queens Bus Study" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "For the Convenience of A, B and C Car Owners" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. December 22, 1942. p. 7. Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  9. ^ "New Queens Bus route Hailed: Welcome Service to Park Area". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. May 4, 1942. Retrieved 16 September 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 
  10. ^ "CITY TAKES OVER BUS LINE: O'Connor Selected to Operate North Shore System". The New York Times. March 30, 1947. Retrieved 27 March 2016. 
  11. ^ Sparberg, Andrew J. (1 October 2014). From a Nickel to a Token: The Journey from Board of Transportation to MTA. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-6190-1. 
  12. ^ "Bus Service Extended: Queens Line Now Runs Direct to Glen Oaks Village". New York Times. December 7, 1947. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  13. ^ Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949. 
  14. ^ "Estimate Board O.K.'s Q-44A Bus Route Spur" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. January 13, 1950. Retrieved 10 January 2015 – via Fulton History. 
  15. ^ "Metropolitan Briefs: City Bus Route May Serve Nasay". New York Time. April 12, 1974. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  16. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/19980127010654/http://www.mta.nyc.ny.us/nyct/Bus/busfacts.htm Department of Buses history NYC Transit
  17. ^ "Q44A Timetable 1976-1978". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 2016-01-07. 
  18. ^ "Buses - A Plague on All Our Houses and Now on the Pkwy" (PDF). Creedmoor Civic News. November 1974. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  19. ^ "1975 Queens Bus Map". wardmaps.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1975. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  20. ^ "IN THE NABES Q-46 BUS TO STOP AT HOSP". New Hyde Park, New York: Daily News (New York). August 29, 1997. Retrieved 16 December 2015. 
  21. ^ "Q46 Bus Will Go to L.I. Jewish Medical Center". mta.info. New York City Transit. 1998-01-27. Retrieved 2016-10-01. 
  22. ^ Burke, Kerry (August 8, 2002). "TA TRIMS Q46 SERVICE TO GLEN OAKS". Daily News (New York). Retrieved 16 December 2015. 
  23. ^ "Bus Service Advisories: Q46". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2002. Archived from the original on 2002-10-17. Retrieved 20 February 2016. 
  24. ^ Solnik, Claude (December 5, 2011). "North Shore-LIJ unveiling $300M expansion". Long Island Business News. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]