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QAnon

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US Vice-President Mike Pence with members of the Broward County, Florida SWAT team on November 30, 2018; the man at the left of the image is displaying a red and black "Q" patch, symbol of QAnon.
Detaill from the above photo showing the QAnon patch. The black-and white patch to the left has been reported to be that of the SWAT team. Regulations forbid the wearing of both patches, and the deputy was disciplined as a result.[1]

QAnon[a] (/kjəˈnɒn/) is a far-right conspiracy theory[2] detailing a supposed secret conspiracy by an alleged "deep state" against U.S. President Donald Trump and his supporters.[3] The theory began with an October 2017 post on the anonymous imageboard 4chan by someone using the tripcode Q, a presumably American[4] individual that may have later grown to include multiple individuals,[5][6][7] claiming to have access to classified information involving the Trump administration and its opponents in the United States. The account has falsely accused numerous liberal Hollywood actors, politicians, and high-ranking officials of engaging in an international child sex trafficking ring, and that Trump feigned collusion with Russians to enlist Robert Mueller to join him in exposing the ring and preventing a coup d'état by Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton and George Soros.[8][9][10] "Q" is a reference to the top-secret Q clearance.

The conspiracy theory, mainly popularized by supporters of President Trump under the names The Storm and The Great Awakening, has been widely characterized as "baseless",[11][12][13] "unhinged"[14] and "evidence-free".[15] Its proponents have been called "a deranged conspiracy cult"[16] and "some of the Internet's most outré Trump fans".[17]

QAnon adherents began appearing at Trump rallies during the summer of 2018[18] and a major promoter of the conspiracy theory was granted a photo op with President Trump in the Oval Office on August 24, 2018.[19]

Background

Pizzagate conspiracy theory

Many media outlets have described QAnon as an "offshoot" of the widely discredited and debunked[20] Pizzagate conspiracy theory.[21]

History

Origin

A person identifying as "Q Clearance Patriot" first appeared on the /pol/ board of 4chan on October 28, 2017, posting messages in a thread entitled "Calm Before the Storm",[4] which was a reference to Trump's cryptic description during a gathering of himself and United States military leaders as "the calm before the storm".[4][22] Q later moved to 8chan, citing concerns that the 4chan board had been compromised by "bad actors".[5]

The poster's handle implied that the anonymous poster holds Q clearance,[23][24] a United States Department of Energy security clearance required for access to Top Secret information about nuclear weapons and materials.[25] This claim cannot be substantiated due to a lack of reliable evidence.

False claims and beliefs

HRC extradition already in motion effective yesterday with several countries in case of cross border run. Passport approved to be flagged effective 10/30 @ 12:01am. Expect massive riots organized in defiance and others fleeing the US to occur. US M's will conduct the operation while NG activated. Proof check: Locate a NG member and ask if activated for duty 10/30 across most major cities.

QAnon's first post on the /pol/ message board of 4chan, on October 28, 2017[26]

QAnon's posting campaign has a history of false, baseless and unsubstantiated claims. Starting with the first posts incorrectly predicting Hillary Clinton's imminent arrest and followed by more false allegations, such as claiming that North Korean Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un is a puppet ruler installed by the Central Intelligence Agency,[27] QAnon's posts have become more cryptic and vague allowing followers to map their own beliefs into them.[28] By generating a keyboard heatmap of QAnon's supposedly coded messages, information security researcher Mark Burnett concluded that they "are not actual codes, just random typing by someone who might play an instrument and uses a QWERTY keyboard", adding that "almost all the characters" in the codes alternate between the left and right hands, or the characters are close to each other on the keyboard.[29]

Some of QAnon's more concrete allegations include his February 16, 2018 false claim that U.S. Representative and former Democratic National Committee chairwoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz hired El Salvadorian gang MS-13 to murder DNC staffer Seth Rich,[22][30] and his March 1, 2018 apparent suggestion that German Chancellor Angela Merkel is the granddaughter of Adolf Hitler.[31] A July 7, 2018 article published in The Daily Beast also noted that QAnon falsely claimed that "each mass shooting is a false-flag attack organized by the cabal".[32] Other beliefs held by QAnon adherents include that Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton, George Soros, and others are planning a coup while simultaneously involved as members of an international child sex trafficking ring. According to this idea, the Mueller investigation is actually a countercoup led by Donald Trump, who pretended to collude with Russia in order to hire Robert Mueller to secretly investigate the Democrats.[16] Another recurring theme is that certain Hollywood stars are pedophiles, and that the Rothschild family are the leaders of a satanic cult.[9] By interpreting the information fed to them by Q, QAnon adherents come to these conclusions.[16]

On multiple occasions, QAnon has dismissed his false claims and incorrect predictions as wilful misinformation, claiming that "disinformation is necessary".[33] This has led Australian psychologist Stephan Lewandowsky to emphasize the "self-sealing" quality of the conspiracy theory, highlighting its anonymous purveyor's use of plausible deniability and noting that evidence against the theory "can become evidence of [its] validity in the minds of believers".[26]

Identity

There has been much speculation regarding the motive and the identity of the poster, with theories ranging from the poster being a military intelligence officer, to Donald Trump himself, to the posting campaign being an alternate reality game by Cicada 3301.[6] Because 4chan is anonymous and does not allow registration by users, any number of individuals may post using the same handle. The poster uses a frequently changing tripcode to authenticate himself on 8chan.

The Italian leftist Wu Ming foundation has speculated that QAnon has been inspired by the Luther Blissett persona, which was used by leftists and anarchists to organize pranks, media stunts, and hoaxes in the 1990s. "Blissett" also published the novel Q in 1999.[34]

In September 2018, Jack Posobiec, a conspiracy theorist and correspondent for One America News Network, claimed that QAnon was started by two pro-Trump Twitter trolls, and that the letter Q was chosen due to the Blissett novel. According to Prosobiec, the original authors ended their involvement and a new group continued it and moved to an 8chan board moderated by them, apparently in an effort to make money from QAnon followers.[35][non-primary source needed]

Incidents

Publishing of personal information

On March 14, 2018, Reddit banned one of its communities discussing QAnon, /r/CBTS_Stream, for "encouraging or inciting violence and posting personal and confidential information".[36] Following this, some followers moved to Discord.[37] Several other communities were formed for discussion of QAnon, leading to further bans on September 12, 2018 in response to these communities "inciting violence, harassment, and the dissemination of personal information", which led to thousands of adherents regrouping on Voat,[38] a Switzerland-based Reddit clone that has been described as a hub for the alt-right.[39][40]

Hoover Dam incident

On June 15, 2018, Matthew Phillip Wright of Henderson, Nevada, was arrested on terrorism and other charges for driving an armored vehicle, containing an AR-15 and handgun, to the Hoover Dam and blocking traffic for 90 minutes.[41] He said he was on a mission involving QAnon: to demand that the Justice Department "release the OIG report" on the conduct of FBI agents during the investigation into Hillary Clinton's use of a private email server.[42][7][11] Since a copy of the OIG report had been released the day prior, the man had been motivated by a Q "drop" which claimed the released version of the OIG report had been heavily modified.[11]

QDrops

An app called "QDrops" which promoted the conspiracy theory was published on the Apple App Store and Google Play. It became the most popular paid app in the "entertainment" section of Apple's online store in April 2018, and the tenth most popular paid app overall. On July 15, 2018, Apple pulled the app after an inquiry from NBC News.[21]

Targeting of Michael Avenatti

Michael Avenatti CPL.jpg
Michael Avenatti via Twitter
@MichaelAvenatti

We are trying to identify the man in this picture, which was taken outside my office yesterday (Sun) afternoon. Please contact @NewportBeachPD if you have any details or observed him. We will NOT be intimidated into stopping or changing our course. #Basta https://pic.twitter.com/YIKS6D0Grq

Jul 30, 2018[43]

On July 29, 2018, Q posted a link to Stormy Daniels' attorney Michael Avenatti's website and photos of his Newport Beach, California, office building, along with the message, "Buckle up!". The anonymous poster then shared the picture of an as-of-yet unidentified man, appearing to be holding a cellphone in one hand, and a long, thin object in the other, standing in the street near Avenatti's office, adding that a message "had been sent". This sparked an investigation by the Newport Beach Police Department. On July 30, Avenatti asked his Twitter followers to contact the Newport Beach Police Department if they "have any details or observed" the man in the picture.[44][45][46]

Harassment of Jim Acosta

On August 1, 2018, responding to a question by David Martosko of The Daily Mail asking if the White House encouraged the support of "QAnon fringe groups"—in light of their hostile behavior toward CNN chief White House correspondent Jim Acosta at a Trump rally in Tampa, Florida[47]White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders denounced "any group that would incite violence against another individual", without specifically responding to the QAnon mention.[48] She added that President Trump "certainly doesn't support groups that would support that type of behavior".[49][50]

Accusations of antisemitism

The conspiracy theory's targeting of George Soros and the Rothschild family has led Jewish-American magazine The Forward as well as The Washington Post to accuse it of containing "striking anti-Semitic elements"[51] and "garden-variety nonsense with racist and anti-Semitic undertones".[10] However, this was contested by the Anti-Defamation League, which reported that "the vast majority of QAnon-inspired conspiracy theories have nothing to do with anti-Semitism".[52]

A Jewish Telegraphic Agency article published in Haaretz on August 3, 2018 stated that "although not specifically, some of QAnon's archetypical elements—including secret elites and kidnapped children, among others—are reflective of historical and ongoing anti-Semitic conspiracy theories".[53]

Reception

Reactions

On November 26, 2017, President Donald Trump retweeted a tweet from Twitter account @MAGAPILL, a self-styled "official President Donald Trump accomplishment list" and a major proponent of the conspiracy theory, less than a month after QAnon first started posting.[17]

On December 28, 2017, the Russian government-funded television network RT aired a segment discussing "QAnon revelations", referring to the anonymous poster as a "secret intelligence operative inside the Trump administration known by QAnon".[24]

On January 9, 2018, Fox News commentator Sean Hannity shared QAnon-related material on his Twitter account.[24]

On March 13, 2018, Operation Rescue vice president and pro-life activist Cheryl Sullenger referred to QAnon as a "small group of insiders close to President Donald J. Trump" and called his internet postings the "highest level of intelligence to ever be dropped publicly in our known history".[54][55]

On March 15, 2018, Kiev-based Rabochaya Gazeta, the official newspaper of the Communist Party of Ukraine, published an article calling QAnon a "military intelligence group".[56]

On March 31, 2018, U.S. actress Roseanne Barr appeared to promote the conspiracy theory, which was subsequently covered by CNN, The Washington Post, and The New York Times.[57][58][59][60]

While the conspiracy theory was initially promoted by Alex Jones and Jerome Corsi,[22] it was reported by Right Wing Watch that they had both ceased to support QAnon by May 2018, declaring the source to now be "completely compromised".[61] However, in August 2018, Corsi reversed course and stated that he "will comment on and follow QAnon when QAnon is bringing forth news", adding that "in the last few days, QAnon has been particularly good".[62]

On June 26, 2018, WikiLeaks publicly accused QAnon of "leading anti-establishment Trump voters to embrace regime change and neo-conservatism".[tweet 1] QAnon had previously pushed for regime change in Iran.[63] Two days later, the whistleblower organization shared an analysis by Internet Party president Suzie Dawson, claiming that QAnon's posting campaign is an "intelligence agency-backed psyop" aiming to "round up people that are otherwise dangerous to the Deep State (because they are genuinely opposed to it) usurp time & attention, & trick them into serving its aims".[tweet 2]

On June 28, 2018, a Time magazine article listed the anonymous "Q" among the 25 Most Influential People on the Internet in 2018. Counting more than 130,000 related discussion videos on YouTube, Time cited the wide range of this conspiracy theory and its more prominent followers and spreading news coverage.[64]

On July 4, 2018, the Hillsborough County Republican Party shared on its official Facebook and Twitter accounts a YouTube video on QAnon, calling QAnon a "mysterious anonymous inside leaker of deep state activities and counter activities by President Trump". The posts were then deleted.[65][66]

On August 1, 2018, following the en masse presence of QAnon supporters at the July 31 Trump rally in Tampa, Florida,[16][67] MSNBC news anchors Hallie Jackson, Brian Williams, and Chris Hayes dedicated a portion of their respective television programs to the conspiracy theory.[68][69][70] PBS NewsHour also ran a segment dedicated to the conspiracy theory the following day.[71]

On August 2, 2018, Washington Post editorial writer Molly Roberts stated, "The storm QAnon truthers predict will never strike because the conspiracy that obsesses them doesn’t exist. But while they wait for it, they’ll try to whip up the winds, and the rest of us will struggle to find shelter."[72]

On August 4, 2018, former White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer was asked to comment on the conspiracy theory in his "ask me anything" session on the /r/The_Donald subreddit. In response to the question "is Q legit?", Spicer answered "no".[73]

On August 24, 2018, President Donald Trump hosted William "Lionel" Lebron, a leading promoter of the QAnon conspiracy, in the Oval Office for a photo op.[74]

Spread and popularity

According to an August 2018 Qualtrics poll for The Washington Post, 58% of Floridians are familiar enough with QAnon to have an opinion about it, among whom only 24% hold a favorable view of the conspiracy theory.[17][75] Positive feelings toward QAnon were found to be strongly correlated with one's proneness to conspiracy thinking.[75]

Disillusionment

Q had predicted Republican success in the 2018 US midterm elections, and claimed that Attorney General Jeff Sessions was involved in secret work for Trump, with apparent tensions between them a cover. When Democrats made significant gains and Trump fired Sessions, there was disillusionment among many in the Q community.[76][77]

See also

References

Informational notes

  1. ^ Despite having been originally constructed to refer to the anonymous poster self-identified as "Q", some media outlets have started to use the compound "QAnon" by metonymy as a collective term for either the conspiracy theory or the community driving and discussing the conspiracy theory.

Citations

  1. ^ Altman, Howard (December 4, 2018) [https://www.tampabay.com/news/military/double-trouble-for-broward-deputy-one-patch-for-qanon-conspiracy-another-for-his-swat-team-20181204/ "Double trouble for Broward deputy: One patch for QAnon conspiracy, another for his SWAT team" Tampa Bay Times
  2. ^ Neiwert, David (January 17, 2018). "Conspiracy meta-theory 'The Storm' pushes the 'alternative' envelope yet again". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  3. ^ Schallhorn, Kaitlyn (August 3, 2018). "What is QAnon, the conspiracy theory group showing up to Trump rallies?". Fox News. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c Martineau, Paris (December 19, 2017). "The Storm Is the New Pizzagate – Only Worse". New York Magazine. ISSN 0028-7369. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
  5. ^ a b Philipp, Joshua (July 2, 2018). "The 'Q' Phenomenon". The Epoch Times. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
  6. ^ a b Rothschild, Mike (May 29, 2018). "Who is Q Anon, the internet's most mysterious poster?". The Daily Dot. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  7. ^ a b Brean, Henry (July 13, 2018). "Suspect in Hoover Dam standoff writes Trump, cites conspiracy in letters". Las Vegas Review-Journal. ISSN 1097-1645. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
  8. ^ Bort, Ryan (August 1, 2018). "As QAnon Goes Mainstream, Trump's Rallies Are Turning Darker".
  9. ^ a b Laviola, Erin (August 1, 2018). "QAnon Conspiracy: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know".
  10. ^ a b Stanley-Becker, Isaac (August 1, 2018). "'We are Q': A deranged conspiracy cult leaps from the Internet to the crowd at Trump's 'MAGA' tour". Washington Post. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  11. ^ a b c Bank, Justin; Stack, Liam; Victor, Daniel (August 1, 2018). "What Is QAnon: Explaining the Internet Conspiracy Theory That Showed Up at a Trump Rally". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  12. ^ Zadrozny, Brandy; Collins, Ben (July 18, 2018). "Like the fringe conspiracy theory Qanon? There's plenty of merch for sale on Amazon". NBC News. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  13. ^ Billy Nilles (May 29, 2018). "Roseanne Canceled by ABC after Roseanne Barr's Latest Offensive Tweets". eonline.com. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
  14. ^ Culp-Ressler, Tara (March 31, 2018). "Roseanne Barr promotes an unhinged pro-Trump conspiracy theory on Twitter". ThinkProgress. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  15. ^ Hall, Ellie (2018-08-02). "What Is QAnon? Here's What You Need To Know About The Baseless Mega-Conspiracy Theory: For the most part, the nonsensical conspiracy theory's adherents were largely confined to fever-swamp corners of the internet. That is changing, and things are getting dangerous". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved 2018-08-02.
  16. ^ a b c d Stanley-Becker, Isaac (August 1, 2018). "'We are Q': A deranged conspiracy cult leaps from the Internet to the crowd at Trump's 'MAGA' tour". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  17. ^ a b c View, Travis (September 18, 2018). "How conspiracy theories spread from the Internet's darkest corners". Washington Post. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  18. ^ "What Is QAnon: Explaining the Internet Conspiracy Theory That Showed Up at a Trump Rally". The New York Times. Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  19. ^ Feldscher, Kyle (August 25, 2018). "QAnon-believing 'conspiracy analyst' meets Trump in the White House". CNN. Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  20. ^ Huang, Gregor Aisch, Jon; Kang, Cecilia (December 10, 2016). "Dissecting the #PizzaGate Conspiracy Theories". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 10, 2016. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  21. ^ a b Collins, Ben; Zadrozny, Brandy (July 16, 2018). "Apple, Google cashed in on Pizzagate-offshoot conspiracy app". NBC News. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  22. ^ a b c Hayden, Michael Edison (February 1, 2018). "How 'the Storm' Became the Biggest Fake News Story of 2018". Newsweek. ISSN 0028-9604. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  23. ^ Colburn, Randall (December 19, 2017). "There's a new, insane conspiracy theory tearing up 4chan". AV Club.
  24. ^ a b c Gander, Kashmira (January 15, 2018). "What is The Storm? Conspiracy theory that mysterious White House official leaks secrets". International Business Times.
  25. ^ "Departmental Personnel Security FAQs". U.S. Department of Energy. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  26. ^ a b Coaston, Jane (August 2, 2018). "#QAnon, the scarily popular pro-Trump conspiracy theory, explained". Vox. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  27. ^ Caffier, Justin (June 12, 2018). "A Guide to QAnon, the New King of Right-Wing Conspiracy Theories". Vice. ISSN 1077-6788. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  28. ^ Selk, Avi; Ohlheiser, Abby. "How QAnon, the conspiracy theory spawned by a Trump quip, got so big and scary". Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-08-07.
  29. ^ Grothaus, Michael (August 15, 2018). "QAnon's "codes" are probably just random typing, says researcher". Fast Company. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
  30. ^ Rothschild, Mike (March 19, 2018). "The QAnon Conspiracy Is the Oldest Scam Out There". The Daily Dot. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
  31. ^ Király, Attila (August 7, 2018). "Trump támogatói között elkezdett terjedni, hogy az elnök az Egyesült Államokat irányító sátánista pedofilok ellen harcol - 444" [Trump supporters have started to spread their belief that the President fights against Satanist pedophiles who govern the United States]. 444 (in Hungarian). Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  32. ^ Sommer, Will (July 7, 2018). "What Is QAnon? The Craziest Theory of the Trump Era, Explained". The Daily Beast. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  33. ^ Holt, Jared (July 9, 2018). "A New Wave Of 'QAnon' Activists Emerge From The Cult Of MAGA". Right Wing Watch. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  34. ^ Broderick, Ryan (6 August 2018). "People Think This Whole QAnon Conspiracy Theory Is A Prank On Trump Supporters". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  35. ^ Posobiec, Jack (September 5, 2018). "Exposed – Creator of QAnon Speaks for the First Time". One America News Network. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  36. ^ Wyrich, Andrew (March 15, 2018). "Reddit bans popular deep state conspiracy forum for 'inciting violence'". Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  37. ^ Alexander, Julia (March 15, 2018). "How closely do Discord and Reddit work together?". Polygon. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  38. ^ Stephen, Bijan (September 12, 2018). "Reddit's QAnon ban points to how it's tracking toxic communities". The Verge. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  39. ^ Sinders, Caroline (September 27, 2017). "There's an alt-right version of everything". Quartz. Archived from the original on January 16, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  40. ^ Roose, Kevin (December 11, 2018). "The 'alt-right' created a parallel internet. It's a holy mess". CNBC. Archived from the original on January 16, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  41. ^ Hawkins, Dave (June 22, 2018). "Henderson man who parked armored vehicle near Hoover Dam indicted". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
  42. ^ Morlin, Bill (July 20, 2018). "Terrorism suspect makes reference to extremist conspiracies". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  43. ^ Michael Avenatti [@MichaelAvenatti] (Jul 30, 2018). "We are trying to identify the man in this picture, which was taken outside my office yesterday (Sun) afternoon. Please contact @NewportBeachPD if you have any details or observed him. We will NOT be intimidated into stopping or changing our course. #Basta pic.twitter.com/YIKS6D0Grq" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  44. ^ Mezzofiore, Gianluca; Lear, Justin (August 3, 2018). "How a right-wing conspiracy theory is going mainstream". CNN. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  45. ^ Sommer, Will (July 30, 2018). "Michael Avenatti Targeted in Person by QAnon, the Crazy Pro-Trump Conspiracy Theory". The Daily Beast. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  46. ^ Barnes, Luke (July 31, 2018). "Stormy Daniels' lawyer targeted by supporters of pro-Trump conspiracy theory". ThinkProgress. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  47. ^ Embury-Dennis, Tom (August 1, 2018). "Trump supporters filmed hurling sustained abuse at journalists following 'Make America Great Again' rally". The Independent. ISSN 0951-9467. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  48. ^ Fredericks, Bob (July 1, 2018). "Sanders denounces media hecklers at Trump rally – then slams the media". New York Post. ISSN 1090-3321. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
  49. ^ Cillizza, Chris (August 1, 2018). "QAnon is the one conspiracy theory to rule them all". CNN. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  50. ^ Huckabee Sanders, Sarah (August 1, 2018). "Press Briefing by Press Secretary Sarah Sanders" (Press release). James S. Brady Press Briefing Room. The White House. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  51. ^ Pink, Aiden (August 1, 2018). "EXPLAINED: What's Anti-Semitic About QAnon, The Trump Base's Latest Pet Theory?". The Forward. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  52. ^ "Quantifying Hate: A Year of Anti-Semitism on Twitter". Anti-Defamation League. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
  53. ^ Dunst, Charles (August 3, 2018). "Is QAnon, the Latest pro-Trump Conspiracy Theory, anti-Semitic?". Haaretz. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  54. ^ Blue, Miranda (March 15, 2018). "Operation Rescue Hypes QAnon 'Blockbuster Intel Drop' About Planned Parenthood". Right Wing Watch. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  55. ^ Sullenger, Cheryl (March 13, 2018). "Blockbuster Intel Drop Reveals Trump is Trying to "End" Planned Parenthood – Twitter Attempts Censorship". Operation Rescue. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  56. ^ Gamma, Viktor (May 25, 2018). "Доживают ли Гавайи свои последние дни?" [Are we witnessing the final days of Hawaii?]. Rabochaya Gazeta (in Russian). Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  57. ^ Cole, Devan (December 19, 2017). "Roseanne tweets support of Trump conspiracy theory, confuses Twitter". CNN. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  58. ^ Weigel, David (March 31, 2018). "Analysis | The conspiracy theory behind a curious Roseanne Barr tweet, explained". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  59. ^ Bowden, Tohn (March 31, 2018). "Roseanne Barr faces backlash over Trump conspiracy theory tweet". The Hill. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  60. ^ Goldberg, Michelle (April 6, 2018). "Opinion | The Conspiracy Theory That Says Trump Is a Genius". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  61. ^ Mantyla, Kyle (May 11, 2018). "Stick A Fork In QAnon: Alex Jones And Jerome Corsi Claim That QAnon Has Been 'Completely Compromised'". Right Wing Watch. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  62. ^ Holt, Jared (August 17, 2018). "Jerome Corsi Wants To Make Amends With QAnon". Right Wing Watch. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
  63. ^ Webb, Whitney (June 25, 2018). "Pro-Trump Conspiracy-Monger "QAnon" Calls for Regime Change in Iran". MintPress News. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
  64. ^ Chan, Melissa (June 28, 2018). "25 Most Influential People on the Internet". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  65. ^ March, William (July 16, 2018). "Conspiracy theorist QAnon promoted, then deleted, by Hillsborough County GOP". Tampa Bay Times. ISSN 2327-9052. Retrieved July 16, 2018.
  66. ^ Thomsen, Jacqueline (July 18, 2018). "Florida county GOP promoted, then deleted, conspiracy theory on Twitter". The Hill. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  67. ^ Porter, Tom (August 1, 2018). "QAnon: Conspiracy theorists determined to expose a "deep state" child abuse ring show up to support Trump in Tampa". Newsweek. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  68. ^ Jackson, Hallie (August 1, 2018). "Who is 'QAnon'? Bizarre conspiracy cult leaps from web to Trump rally". MSNBC Live. MSNBC. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  69. ^ Williams, Brian (August 2, 2018). "What does the conspiracy group QAnon have to do with Trump?". The 11th Hour with Brian Williams. MSNBC. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  70. ^ Hayes, Chris (August 1, 2018). "What is QAnon?". All In with Chris Hayes. MSNBC. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  71. ^ Woodruff, Judy (August 2, 2018). "How the false, fringe 'QAnon' conspiracy theory aims to protect Trump". PBS NewsHour. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  72. ^ Roberts, Molly. "Opinion | QAnon is terrifying. This is why". Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  73. ^ Francis, Nathan (August 4, 2018). "Sean Spicer Just Sparked A Civil War Among Reddit's Trump-Loving Corners By Saying That QAnon Is Fake". The Inquisitr. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
  74. ^ Wise, Justin (August 24, 2018). "Trump meets with promoter of 'QAnon' conspiracy theory in Oval Office". Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  75. ^ a b Uscinski, Joseph; Klofstad, Casey (August 30, 2018). "New poll: the QAnon conspiracy movement is very unpopular". Washington Post. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  76. ^ https://www.salon.com/2018/11/15/qanons-true-believers-are-devastated-as-the-conspiracy-theory-goes-down-in-flames/
  77. ^ "Jeff Sessions, the 2018 midterms, and the continued grift of QAnon". 2018-11-09.

Tweets

Further reading

External links

  • Media related to QAnon at Wikimedia Commons