QR code payment

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

QR code payment is a contactless payment method where a payment is performed by scanning a QR code from a mobile app.[1] This is an alternative to doing electronic funds transfer at point of sale using a payment terminal.[2] This avoids a lot of the infrastructure traditionally associated with electronic payments such as payment cards, payment networks, payment terminal and merchant accounts.

To use a QR code payment the consumers scans the QR code displayed by the merchant with their phones to pay for their goods.[3] They enter the amount they have to pay and finally submit.[3] This is a more secure card-not-present method than others.[3]

History[edit]

The first mobile wallet app for cryptocurrency Bitcoin featured sending and receiving payments with QR codes in 2012.[4]

In 2014, Chinese technology company Tencent introduced a new feature on its messaging app WeChat to allow its users to make payments. This was introduced via in-app online wallet and a QR Code payment system.[5][6]Also, China is considered as one of the major countries using QR codes payment system. [6]


Transportation[edit]

Line 1 of the Mumbai Metro in India allows users to purchase a ticket on their phones using QR code payments. Instead of swiping an RFID card or single-use token, a QR code is generated on the Paytm app which is then read by a scanner mounted on the turnstile.[7] QR codes are also present in Uber, Ola cabs making it easy for passengers to make payments on the go. [8]

Retail[edit]

PhonePe[9], Google Pay and Paytm QR codes are present in retail stores as well making it easy for consumers to make purchases with a single scan. This cuts down on waiting times at checkout counters and users are incentivised with on-going offers.

Restaurants, bars and cafes[edit]

QR codes are making waves in the food industry as well. Tent cards and bills include QR codes making it simple for a customer to make payments paving the way for a cashless economy in China, India and other Asian countries that welcome QR codes. [10]

Notable service providers[edit]

Standards also exists to determine the content of the payment QR codes like the EPC QR code in Europe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Scan to pay. How QR code payments work - Dignited". 11 January 2018.
  2. ^ "China begins regulating QR code payments".
  3. ^ a b c "How QR codes are changing e-commerce". 19 October 2017.
  4. ^ Andreas Schildbach (August 6, 2012), Google Playstore: Bitcoin Wallet
  5. ^ Derrick A Paulo (October 29, 2017). "WeChat phenomenon: How a messaging app helped spark China's cashless revolution".
  6. ^ a b "QR code payment use all around China". Retrieved 2017-06-07.
  7. ^ "Paytm introduces QR-based metro tickets for Mumbaikars". Business Today. 17 November 2017. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Uber users can now pay with Google Pay". MediaNama. 2018-10-01. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  9. ^ Team, The PhonePe (2019-02-23). "PhonePe goes live at over a million offline merchants in India". PhonePe. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  10. ^ "People in China scan QR codes to pay for stuff, from bus rides to luxury purses". Business Insider. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  11. ^ "Masterpass® QR: collect e-payment without POS terminal". mea.mastercard.com.