QV60

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QV60
Burial site of Nebettawy
Queen-Nebettawy.jpg
Painting of Queen Nebettawy before the god Horus. Based on a Lepsius drawing. Abt. III, Band 6, Bl 172
Location Valley of the Queens
Layout A hall, a side chamber and a burial chamber
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QV60 is the tomb of Nebettawy, the daughter and Great Wife of Ramesses II, in Egypt's Valley of the Queens. It was mentioned by Champollion and Lepsius, and later excavated by Ernesto Schiaparelli (the director of the Egyptian Museum in Turin).

Lepsius gives a short description of this tomb. In his list this is tomb number 6. [1]

The tomb[edit]

This tomb was transformed into a chapel during the Coptic period.

On the left wall of the first chamber 41 judges are depicted, each with a feather on their head. Nebettawy is shown offering a statue of Maat to a seated figure whose headdress is topped with two feathers. In the second chamber Nebettawy is shown before Horus and here she has the most elaborate titles: The Osiris, the King's Daughter, Great Royal Wife, Lady of the Two Lands, Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt.[2][3]

In one of the scenes Nebettawy wears a rather special headdress: a vulture crown with uraeus, topped by a modius and supporting a number of flowers. This specific headdress is only attested for Queen Nebettawy,Queen Isis (QV51 - time of Ramesses III-Ramesses IV) and Queen Tyti (QV52 - 20th dynasty). [4] An earlier version of this crown was worn by Princess-Queen Sitamun, the daughter-wife of Amenhotep III.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Denkmaeler aus Aegypten und Aethiopien nach den Zeichnungen der von Seiner Majestät dem Koenige von Preussen, Friedrich Wilhelm IV., nach diesen Ländern gesendeten, und in den Jahren 1842–1845 ausgeführten wissenschaftlichen Expedition auf Befehl Seiner Majestät. 13 vols. Berlin: Nicolaische Buchhandlung. (Reprinted Genève: Éditions de Belles-Lettres, 1972)
  2. ^ Porter, Bertha and Moss, Rosalind, Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings Volume I: The Theban Necropolis, Part 2. Royal Tombs and Smaller Cemeteries, Griffith Institute. 1964, pg 766-7
  3. ^ Kitchen, K.A., Ramesside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated, Translations, Volume II, Blackwell Publishers, 1996
  4. ^ van Sicklen: A Ramesside Ostracon of Queen Isis; Journal of Near Eastern Studies 1974