QVC

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QVC
QVC logo 2019.svg
CountryUnited States
Broadcast areaWorldwide
SloganFind what you love. Love what you find.
Headquarters1200 Wilson Drive West Chester, Pennsylvania 19380
Programming
Language(s)English
Picture format2160p UHDTV
1080i HDTV
(downscaled to letterboxed 480i for the SDTV feed)
Ownership
OwnerQurate Retail Group
Sister channels(see below)
History
LaunchedNovember 24, 1986; 33 years ago (1986-11-24)[1]
Links
Websiteqvc.com
Availability
Terrestrial
QVC terrestrial televisionx.6 on most Ion Television owned-and-operated stations, also on:
Cable
Available on most cable systemsChannel slots vary on each provider
Satellite
DirecTVChannels 70, 275 and 317 (HD)
Dish NetworkChannel 137 (HD)
IPTV
AT&T U-VerseChannel 420 (SD)
Channel 1420 (HD)
Streaming media
QVCLive Stream
Apple TV & Amazon Fire TVQVC app (all QVC networks)
RokuQVC/HSN app (all QVC & HSN networks)

QVC (standing for "Quality Value Convenience") is an American free-to-air television network, and flagship shopping channel specializing in televised home shopping that is owned by Qurate Retail Group. Founded in 1986 by Joseph Segel in West Chester, Pennsylvania, United States, QVC broadcasts to more than 350 million households in seven countries, including channels in the UK, Germany, Japan, and Italy, along with a joint venture in China with China National Radio called CNR Mall.[2]

History[edit]

Early years under Joseph Segel (1986-1992)[edit]

QVC's founding and television launch[edit]

QVC was founded on June 13, 1986, by Joseph Segel. One of the first brands to sign a two-year deal with QVC for its products was Sears.[3] The corporation later set a new record for first full-year fiscal sales for a new public company of $112 million.[4] The channel was launched on November 24, 1986 with program hosts Kathy Levine, John Eastman, Bob Bowersox, and Cindy Briggs-Moore.[5] Each November 24, QVC celebrated their birthday annually through 2008.[6][7] Initially broadcasting live from 7:30 p.m. until midnight ET each weekday and 24 hours a day each weekend, the channel extended its live programming to 24/7/364 in January 1987. Former QUBE host and producer, Ron Giles, was named an executive vice president and executive producer at QVC in late 1987.[8] In October 1988, the board of directors elected Michael C. Boyd to the position of senior executive vice president and chief operating officer.[9] In early 1990, Boyd would take the title of president, reportedly to relieve some of Segel's load.[10]

QVC seeks to buy out its competition[edit]

In 1989, QVC acquired its top competitor, the Cable Value Network (CVN), founded by Irwin L. Jacobs. The $380 million deal contributed to a loss of $17 million during the next fiscal quarter, and then led to difficulties in the couple of years that followed.[11]

QVC first offered to buy out competitor J. C. Penney Television Shopping Channel on March 16, 1991,[12] a bid rejected by its producers and the Los Angeles Superior Court. On May 21, 1991, QVC picked up a further 4 million cable subscribers when it took over the Burbank-produced JC Penney Shopping Channel, which owed $2 million to its producers.[13]

A QVC offer to buy rival Home Shopping Network in March 1992 was sidetracked by legal problems.[14] On July 12, 1993, QVC offered to acquire Home Shopping in a stock swap valued at about $1.1 billion, but talks faltered when QVC pursued a bid for Paramount in fall 1993.[15] Liberty Media Corp. held a controlling interest in the St. Petersberg, Florida-based Home Shopping Network along with their share of QVC.[16]

Barry Diller, Celebrity Executive (1993-1995)[edit]

Plans for a fifth broadcast network[edit]

Introduced to televised shopping by designer Diane von Fürstenberg a decade before their marriage, Fox founder Barry Diller pursued slick "infotainment"-style programming as his next television venture.[17] After resigning as chairman of Fox Inc. in early 1992, Diller's Arrow Investments purchased a $25 million stake in QVC, or just under 3 percent of the company, in December 1992 and Diller succeeded Segel as chairman and chief executive on January 18, 1993.[18]

Diller, known for building Fox as a fourth national television network in just five years, replaced QVC's second channel, The Fashion Channel, with his prototype for a fifth broadcast television network, Q2. Debuting in spring 1994, Q2 was aimed at younger, slightly less educated and slightly less affluent consumers and broadcast from New York City. The spin-off network was shelved in 1996, costing QVC $55 million.[19]

Failed Paramount takeover bid[edit]

QVC, under Diller, first placed a hostile $9.6 billion bid for Paramount in September 1993, when talks for a friendly merger between Paramount and Viacom, worth $7.2 billion at the time, were already under way.[20] QVC's more attractive bid was forced on Paramount in the February 4, 1994 decision of Paramount Communications, Inc. v. QVC Network, Inc. by the Delaware Supreme Court. Following Viacom's merger with Blockbuster that gave Viacom the financial lead, Diller proposed that QVC financial backer BellSouth could buy QVC shares after the merger to boost the value of QVC's stock to Paramount shareholders.[21] Diller dropped the proposal when reminded of its legal challenges and on February 14, 1994, QVC lost its bid for Paramount to a $9.85 million bid from Viacom.[22][23] Diller's reported five-word response to the end of what The Los Angeles Times called "the biggest takeover war of the 1990s" was: "They won. We lost. Next."[24]

Becoming a worldwide multimedia company[edit]

Diller changed the name of QVC Network to QVC, Inc. in 1994, while creating a holding company to allow the firm to diversify and build assets and divisions separately. Among the changes were the creation of two new divisions, Q Direct, to produce infomercials and 60- and 120-second direct response TV commercials, and QVC Interactive, an online-shopping service.[25] QVC launched their internet shopping site, iQVC, on September 15, 1996.[26]

QVC's shopping channel based in Mexico, airing in non-primetime programming hours on Canal 4, launched November 1, 1993 in a partnership with local media company Televisa.[27] The shopping channel, called CVC, which stood for “Quality, Value & Convenience” in Spanish, closed August 4, 1995 after a devaluation of the peso and drop in purchasing power during Mexico's recession.[28]

New frontiers with Douglas Briggs (1995-2005)[edit]

Developing QVC's brand power[edit]

On September 29, 1994, QVC Vice President Douglas Briggs unveiled the QVC Local, a customized, $1.7 million state-of-the-art television studio in a bus, in Washington, D.C.[29] In January 1995, QVC kicked off the "Quest for America's Best: 50 in 50 Tour," a 50-week nationwide product search to promote local and regional products with live broadcasts from every State. The QVC Local traveled 88,796 miles of American road during the 50 in 50 Tour in 1995.[30]

Comcast and TCI spin-off company Liberty Media completed their acquisition of the company on February 2, 1995 and Diller resigned. Douglas S. Briggs was announced as QVC Inc. CEO on March 6, 1995, after overseeing the daily business of the company as president of QVC electronic retailing and executive vice president of QVC Inc. since February 1994.[31] Briggs was tasked with boosting Diller's many start-up ventures, including QVC UK and Q2.[32]

On September 24, 1997 at 7pm ET, QVC signed off their live broadcast from their previous studio and celebrated the opening of their new broadcast center and corporate offices, Studio Park, a nearly 17-acre property with more than 58,000 square feet of filming studios in West Chester, Pennsylvania.[33][34]

QVC tested a retail concept in 2000 at The Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota with a limited-term lease on a 500 square-foot store.[35] The next year, QVC signed a ten-year lease on a 2,500 square-foot store with broadcasting capabilities and opened QVC @ The Mall on August 8, 2001.[36] The Mall of America store remained the only location for this format and the store closed at the conclusion of the ten-year lease on March 22, 2011.[37]

Legal hurdles and Comcast's exit[edit]

In 1998, two former hosts filed a class-action lawsuit against QVC, claiming that they were discriminated against by the shopping channel based on their race. The lawsuit went on to state that QVC refused to allow non-white hosts any permanent daytime/primetime spots, which relegated them to the overnight hours, otherwise known as the "graveyard shift." Because of this, the non-white hosts were paid considerably less than the white hosts.[38][39]

On July 3, 2003, Comcast sold its majority share to Liberty Media, which purchased the remaining 56.5% of QVC it didn’t already own for $7.9 billion. Comcast, for which QVC was a financial asset, not a strategic one, continued to carry QVC for its 21 million cable subscribers.[40]

On Wednesday, March 24, 2004, the FTC sued QVC over violating a June 2000 order barring the company from making misleading claims about dietary supplements.[41] A March 2009 settlement with the FTC charged QVC with paying $6 million for consumer redress and a $1.5 million civil penalty and for QVC to discontinue the dietary supplements products.[42][43]

In 2006, the U.S. District Court in Philadelphia settled a dispute between QVC and HSN over the use of the phrase "Christmas in July," QVC maintaining their use of it since 1987, and HSN claiming copyright on it in 2000.[44]

The Mike George Years (2006-present)[edit]

New CEO, new brand identity[edit]

CEO Douglas Briggs announced his retirement in April 2005 and on November 1, 2005, Michael A. George, who previously served as chief marketing officer and general manager of the U.S. consumer business at Dell Inc, was named successor. George was named QVC CEO on April 15, 2006.[45]

On September 23, 2007, QVC U.S. rebranded itself, changing its logo on-air and online. The rebranding was accompanied by an advertising campaign with the tagline "iQdoU?" ("I shop QVC, do you?") that had preceded the rebrand with billboards in major U.S. cities. The iQdoU? campaign also included a "teaser" website.[46][47]

Advancements in broadcasting technology and entering new markets[edit]

QVC was the first shopping network to offer a native high-definition simulcast channel in May 2009. Formery, the 4:3 cut for its standard definition feed in a 16:9 presentation was made to the right of the screen rather than on both sides of the 4:3 frame, allowing the network to place its graphics fully to the left and lower portions of the screen to maximize camera presentation space. Eventually, the standard definition feed was converted to a downscaled letterboxing of the 16:9 HD channel at the provider's headend level.

On September 30, 2010, at 11 p.m., QVC began broadcasting in Italy, both on satellite and through digital terrestrial television. In 2012, QVC partnered with China National Radio to take over operations of its home shopping network and associated internet e-commerce site, CNR Mall. In 2014 the joint venture reached 89 million households.[48]

In 2013, QVC partnered with Ion Media Networks to bring its programming to broadcast television, through Ion Television.[49] QVC began to be carried as the fifth digital subchannel on most Ion Television owned-and-operated stations beginning on August 5, 2013; due to technical limitations caused by the number of subchannels Ion requires its stations to carry, QVC is carried in a squeezed full-screen 4:3 format and is transmitted in standard definition. The channel is also broadcast on digital subchannels of low-powered television stations in selected areas.[50] The broadcast service is branded as "QVC Over the Air", with an accompanying on-screen bug appearing on the lower right corner of the screen during the network's programming.

After integrating their shopping experience with Facebook in 2008 and with Instagram in 2012, QVC launched toGather, a social shopping platform resembling Pinterest in July 2013. The site allowed members to set up a personalized newsfeed to view shopping recommendations from people and brands they chose to follow. QVC shut down the site in January 2015.[51][52]

On October 21, 2014, QVC returned to the NASDAQ, with trading names QVCA and QVCB.[53]

Joining Zulily and HSN brands under Liberty Media/Qurate Retail Group[edit]

In August 2015, QVC acquired the online retailer Zulily for $2.4 billion.[54][55]

On July 6, 2017, QVC's parent company, Liberty Interactive, announced its intention to purchase the remaining 62% of stock it didn't already own of HSN, the rival home shopping channel. The all-stock deal is valued at $2.1 billion ($40.36 a share).[56][57][58] In 2018, Liberty Interactive rebranded itself as Qurate Retail Group, trading under the new NASDAQ tickers QRTEA and QRTEB, with Mike George remaining as President and CEO.[59]

In 2018, Qurate named Leslie Ferraro as President of their QVC and HSN units. Ferraro concluded her 17-year run at The Walt Disney Company where she most recently served as co-chair of Disney Consumer Products and Interactive Media and president of Disney Consumer Products and reported to work at Qurate on September 16.[60] On February 6, 2019, QVC again rebranded itself, the new logo with a square shape intended to resemble a computer or a phone screen emphasizing its digital and mobile platforms. The reimagined 'Q' in a sleek, mobile-friendly format, has a lever that is supposed to symbolize an open door, said Susan Ripke, QVC's vice president of brand strategy.[61] On Monday, October 7, 2019, QVC ceased its 24/7 live broadcasting model in favor of airing nineteen hours of live and five hours of repeated programming daily.[62] On November 22, 2019, QVC expanded to twenty hours of live programming daily.

Response to COVID-19 worldwide pandemic[edit]

As early as March 16, 2020, QVC saw changes to their operations due to the global COVID-19 pandemic, with on-air product representatives appearing via Skype from around the world, calling in to live broadcasts with program hosts and models practicing social distancing. QVC remained live on-air 20 hours a day, with QVC2 temporarily cutting back to one live hour per day. Employees not essential to the West Chester, Pennsylvania live broadcast shifted to remote work, while all fulfillment centers in Pennsylvania, Virginia, California, and North and South Carolina remained operational with the introduction of health and safety measures and enhanced sanitation practices.[63]

QVC2[edit]

QVC2
QVC2 logo 2019.svg
Sloganmore of what you love
Ownership
Sister channels(see above)
History
LaunchedAugust 22, 2013; 7 years ago (2013-08-22)
Former namesQVC Plus
(2013-2017)
Links
Websiteqvc.com
Availability
Satellite
DirecTV76, 79 and 315
Dish Network255
Streaming media
Live Stream

On August 22, 2013, QVC launched a timeshift channel called QVC Plus (the first such channel operated by a home shopping network), made available initially on cable provider Bright House Networks and satellite provider DirecTV, which broadcasts the channel's programming on a three-hour tape delay.[64] On April 1, 2017, QVC Plus was rebranded as QVC2 as a destination for more live programming, broadcasting live 12 hours a day, Monday through Friday from noon to midnight ET, and Saturdays and Sundays from 10am-10pm ET.[65] After four months of reduced programming on QVC2 due to the global coronavirus pandemic, QVC2 ceased live programming on July 14, 2020, focusing thereafter only on repeated QVC programming.[66]

Beauty iQ[edit]

Beauty iQ
Beauty iq logo.jpg
History
LaunchedOctober 31, 2016; 3 years ago (2016-10-31)
Links
Websiteqvc.com
Availability
Streaming media
Live Stream

On October 25, 2016, QVC announced the creation of Beauty iQ, a female-oriented television channel based entirely on beauty products. The network was launched on both DirecTV and Dish Network on October 31, 2016. Beauty iQ aired live programming Monday through Friday, 8pm- Midnight ET. Beauty iQ ceased live programming on March 13, 2019. Beginning April 23, 2019, QVC introduced Beauty iQ as their first digital-only channel, in order to better target its younger audience.[67]

QVC3[edit]

QVC3
QVC3 logo, 1 April 2019.png
History
LaunchedApril 1, 2019; 18 months ago (2019-04-01)
Links
Websiteqvc.com
Availability
Cable
Available on some cable systemsConsult your local cable provider for channel availability
Satellite
DirecTV318
Dish Network73
Streaming media
Live Stream

On April 1, 2019, Beauty iQ's broadcast channel was rebranded as QVC3, airing rebroadcasts of previously recorded QVC and QVC2 programming 24 hours a day.

Operations[edit]

All of QVC's operations (U.S., UK, Germany, Japan, Italy, and China) run 24 hours a day, although live programming hours vary between each region.

Headquarters[edit]

QVC has its headquarters in West Chester, Pennsylvania by U.S. Route 202.[68][69] The $100 million QVC Studio Park complex, located on an 80 acres (32 ha) plot of land, opened in 1997.[70]

QVC U.S.[edit]

QVC Outlet store in Frazer, Pennsylvania

QVC's U.S. operations are based in the Studio Park complex, which houses its corporate headquarters, studio and broadcasting facilities. Studio Park is the former corporate offices of Commodore Business Machines. Call center facilities are located in Chesapeake, Virginia, and San Antonio, Texas. QVC's distribution centers are located in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Suffolk, Virginia, Florence, South Carolina, Rocky Mount, North Carolina and Ontario, California. Its 2013 sales were worth $5.84 billion.[71]

QVC U.S. also operates a retail store at their Studio Park complex, and two outlet stores in Lancaster, Pennsylvania and Frazer, Pennsylvania.[72]

QVC broadcasts live in the United States 20/7. The four hours from 3AM until 7AM Eastern time, are an encore performance of the "Today's Special Value". QVC broadcasts 364 days a year to more than 100 million households, and ranks as the number two television network in terms of revenue (#1 in home shopping networks), with sales in 2015 giving a net revenue of $8.7 billion. The only day on which QVC does not broadcast its usual format is Christmas, when the station runs a taped telecast of the West Chester Christmas Parade and other pre-recorded programming.[73][49] Every year the "QVC Presents 'FFANY Shoes on Sale'" event is broadcast in which donated designer shoes are sold at half the suggested retail price and 80% of the proceeds go to breast cancer research and education. It is organized with the Fashion Footwear Association of New York, which runs a coinciding Shoes on Sale initiative along with an awards gala.[74][75][76][77]

QVC UK[edit]

QVC UK was launched on October 1, 1993. QVC UK's headquarters and broadcasting facilities are in Chiswick Park, West London. Call centre and distribution warehouse are situated in Knowsley in Merseyside. QVC UK also runs an outlet store in Warrington; another was in Shrewsbury, but this closed in June 2020. QVC UK also operates three channels made up mostly of rerun segments from the live channel, QVC Beauty, QVC Extra and QVC Style. The company's UK sales in 2013 were worth $660 million, now reaching to 27 million households in Britain and Ireland.[48][71]

QVC UK's main channel broadcasts live 364 days a year from 09:00 to 01:00. For the 8 'non-live' hours a day and on one day a year, Christmas Day, the main channel shows rerun segments from the live channel.

QVC Germany[edit]

QVC Germany, incorporated in Düsseldorf, runs call centre operations from sites in Bochum and Kassel, whilst distribution is handled from a dedicated warehouse in Hückelhoven. The company's 2013 sales were worth $970 million.[71]

QVC Germany first broadcast December 1, 1996 and reaches 41 million households in Germany and Austria.[48] QVC Germany broadcasts live 17 hours a day, 363.5 days a year (the channel goes off-air on Christmas Eve (with no programming after noon) and Christmas Day). QVC has two additional channels in Germany, QVC 2 and QVC Style.

QVC Japan[edit]

QVC Japan, a joint venture with Mitsui & Co., is based in Makuhari, where its broadcast studio, corporate headquarters, and call center facility are located. Distribution facilities are in Sakura City. The company's 2013 sales were worth $1.02 billion.[71]

QVC Japan first broadcast on April 1, 2001 and reaches 27 million households. The channel once broadcast live programming 24 hours a day and now airs 19 live programming hours daily.[48]

QVC Italy[edit]

QVC Italy first broadcast on October 1, 2010.[78] QVC Italy's headquarters and broadcasting facilities are located at Brugherio, near Milan and the distribution center is located in Castel San Giovanni.[48] The company's 2013 sales were worth $130 million.[71]

QVC Italy broadcasts live 17 hours a day (although the channel runs 24 hours a day), 364 days a year to 25 million households. The primary distribution platforms for QVC Italy are digital terrestrial television and satellite.

QVC France[edit]

On August 1, 2015, QVC reached its seventh international market with France.[48][79] Before the launch, the company said it expected to create about 200 jobs in its first two years in the country. QVC France broadcast from their studio and administration facility in Seine-Saint-Denis live on weekdays from 15:00 to 23:00 and weekends from 11:00 to 23:00, online, on mobile devices and on major satellite TV, cable TV and internet TV.[80] The channel's corporate website said QVC stood for: Qualité, Valeur, Confiance, replacing convenience with (the French for) trust.[71]

Qurate Retail Group ceased operations of QVC France on March 13, 2019, stating that "QVC France had underperformed against financial and operational expectations, in large part due to unique in-market structural challenges and market dynamics that evolved in the years following the launch of the operation."[81]

QVC/CNR (China)[edit]

QVC/CNR (China) is based in Beijing and operates both a television broadcast and associated e-commerce website cnrmall.com. The China operation is a 51/49 joint venture between state-owned China National Radio and QVC, based on the pre-existing CNR channel reaching 35 million households, with plans to grow to 195 million households that have digital cable.[82] Chinese law prohibits private control of television stations, so this is the maximum position QVC can hold in its Chinese operations. QVC/CNR broadcasts live 17 hours a day.[48] The company's 2013 sales were worth $110 million.[71]

Logos[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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