Qabalan

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Qabalan
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic قبلان
 • Also spelled Kubalan (unofficial)
Qabalan
Qabalan
Qabalan is located in the Palestinian territories
Qabalan
Qabalan
Location of Qabalan within Palestine
Coordinates: 32°06′07″N 35°17′17″E / 32.10194°N 35.28806°E / 32.10194; 35.28806Coordinates: 32°06′07″N 35°17′17″E / 32.10194°N 35.28806°E / 32.10194; 35.28806
Palestine grid 177/167
Governorate Nablus
Government
 • Type Municipality
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 7,130
Name meaning Fronting, or possibly from Kublan, a corruption of the Turkish word for lion.[1]

Qabalan (Arabic: قبلان‎) is a Palestinian town in the Nablus Governorate in the eastern West Bank, located 19 kilometers (12 mi) southeast of Nablus. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of 7,130 inhabitants in 2007.[2]

Location[edit]

Qabalan is located 13.4 kilometers (8.3 mi) south of Nablus. It is bordered by Aqraba and Jurish to the east, Talfit and As Sawiya to the south, As Sawiya and Yatma to the west, and Beita and Osarin to the north.[3]

History[edit]

Potsherds from the Iron Age I and Iron Age II have been found here.[4]

The SWP noted that: "the ruin to the east [of the village] consists of heaps of stones".[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine, and it appeared in the 1596 tax-records as Qabalan, located in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal of the Liwa of Nablus. The population was 4 households, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, olive trees, goats and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues and a fixed tax for people of Nablus area; a total of 2,410 Akçe.[6] Sherds from the early Ottoman era have also been found here.[4]

In 1838 Edward Robinson noted Kubalan on the south side of the valley, "surrounded by vineyards and large groves of olive and fig trees."[7] It was located in El-Beitawy district, east of Nablus.[8]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Kubalan as: "a village of moderate size, on high ground, with olives round it, and wells."[9]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Qabalan had a population of 771 Muslims,[10] increasing in the 1931 census to 936 Muslims, in 207 houses.[11]

In 1945 Qabalan had a population of 1,310, all Muslims,[12] with 8,290 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 3,948 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 2,383 were used for cereals,[14] while 71 dunams were built-up land.[15]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Qabalan came under Jordanian rule.

The Jordanian census of 1961 found 1,867 inhabitants.[16]

1967, aftermath[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Qabalan has been under Israeli occupation along with the rest of the Palestinian territories.

According to ARIJ, 67% of the village land is in Area B, while the remaining 33% is in Area C. There have been a number of attacks on the people of Qabalan, their land and property from the nearby Israeli settlements.[17][18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 237
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.110.
  3. ^ Qabalan town profile, ARIJ, p. 4
  4. ^ a b Finkelstein et al, 1997, p. 656
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 358
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 131
  7. ^ Robinson and Smith, vol 3, p. 92
  8. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 128
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 288
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus, p. 25
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 63
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 19
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 60
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 107
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 157
  16. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 26
  17. ^ Qabalan town profile, ARIJ, p. 17
  18. ^ Shin Bet: Israel's Extreme Rightists Organizing Into Terror Groups, Chaim Levinson and Oz Rosenberg, Sep. 13, 2011, Haaretz

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]