Qabba'a

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Qabba'a
Qabba'a is located in Mandatory Palestine
Qabba'a
Qabba'a
Arabic قبّاعة
Name meaning "large-headed"[1]
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 32°59′55″N 35°32′17″E / 32.99861°N 35.53806°E / 32.99861; 35.53806Coordinates: 32°59′55″N 35°32′17″E / 32.99861°N 35.53806°E / 32.99861; 35.53806
Palestine grid 200/267
Population 460[2][3] (1945)
Area 13,817[3] dunams
Date of depopulation May 26, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces

Qabba'a was a Palestinian Arab village in the District of Safad. It was depopulated during the 1948 War on May 26, 1948 by the Palmach's First Battalion of Operation Yiftach. It was located 6 km northeast of Safad.

History[edit]

In 1596 the village appeared under the name of Qabba'a in the Ottoman tax registers as part of the nahiya (subdistrict) of Jira in the Sanjak (district) of Safad. It had an all Muslim population, consisting of 11 households and 2 bachelors, an estimated 99 persons, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax rate of 20 % on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, olive trees, vineyards, goats and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues; totalling 2,280 akçe.[5][6]

The village appeared under the name of Koubaa on the map that Pierre Jacotin compiled during Napoleon's invasion of 1799.[7]

In 1875 Victor Guérin found the village to have 120 Muslim inhabitants.[8]

In 1881 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described as Kabbaah: "A masonry village, with a few caves to the south contains about 150 Moslems; situated on a ridge, with olives and arable land. Water from birket and good springs."[9]

A population list from about 1887 showed Kaba'ah to have about 385 Muslim inhabitants.[10]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Qaba'a had a population of 179 Muslims,[11] increasing in the 1931 census when Kabba' had 256 Muslim inhabitants, in a total of 44 houses.[12]

In 1945 it had a population of 460 Muslims[2] with a total land area of 13,817 dunums.[3] Of this, 379 dunums was plantations and irrigable land, 7,966 were for cereals,[13] while 66 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 76
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 10
  3. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 70
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvi, village # 48. Also gives the cause of depopulation.
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 176
  6. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  7. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 165
  8. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 453
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 198
  10. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 189
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Safad, p. 41
  12. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 107
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 120
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 170

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]