Qadir Yar

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Qadir Yar
Born
Qadir Baksh

1802
Died1892
OccupationPoet

Qadir Yar (1802–1892), born Qadar Baksh, was a Muslim Sandhu Jat[1][2] and a poet of the Punjabi language. Born in Gujranwala, he wrote Punjabi Qissa like Qissa Purana Bhagat, Raja Rasal.[3]

Life[edit]

Qadir Yar was born in the village Machhike, in Gujranwala District in Punjab (now in Pakistan) during the rule of the Sikh Empire. He belonged to an agriculturalist family and was Sandhu by caste. The details of his life are not available, except that he received his education at the village mosque.[4]

He was the court poet of the Lahore Sikh Darbar, during the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.[5]

Works[edit]

Qadir Yar started his literary career with Mehraj Nama (1832), the longest poem composed by him and containing 1014 couplets. The poem gives a fictional account of Muhammad's journey through the seven skies. It tells the story of Puran Bhagat. His other significant works include Qissa Sohni Mahinwal, Hari Singh Nalwa Di Var, and Var Rani Kokilan.[4]

Further reading[edit]

  • N.S Tasneem (1992). Qadir Yar (PDF). Makers of Indian Literature. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-7201-264-0.
  • M. Athar Tahir (1988). Qadir Yar: A Critical Introduction. Pakistan Punjabi Adabi Board. ISBN 978-969-411-107-0.

References[edit]

  1. M.Athar Tahir (1988). Qadir Yar: A Critical Introduction. Punjab Adabi Board Lahore Pakistan. P. 141.
  1. ^ Tahir, M. Athar (1988). Qadir Yar: A Critical Introduction. Pakistan Punjabi Adabi Board. ISBN 978-969-411-107-0.
  2. ^ Singh, Nagendra Kr (2001). Encyclopaedia of Muslim Biography: I-M. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. ISBN 978-81-7648-233-2.
  3. ^ Sujit Mukherjee (1998). A Dictionary of Indian Literature (One): Beginnings – 1850. Hyderabad: Orient Longman Limited. p. 56.
  4. ^ a b N.S Tasneem (1992). Qadir Yar. Makers of Indian Literature. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-7201-264-0.
  5. ^ Sisir Kumar Das (2005). History of Indian Literature. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. p. 457. ISBN 978-81-7201-006-5.