Qadir Yar

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Machhike, Punjab (now Gujranwala District, Punjab, Pakistan)

Qadir Yar (1802–1892), born Qadar Baksh, was a Muslim Sandhu Jatt and a poet of the Punjabi language. Born in Gujranwala, he wrote Punjabi Qissa like Qissa Purana Bhagat, Raja Rasal.[1]


Qadir Yar was born in the village Machhike, in Gujranwala District in Punjab (now in Pakistan) during the rule of the Sikh Empire. He belonged to an agriculturalist family and was Sandhu by caste. The details of his life are not available, except that he received his education at the village mosque.[2]

He was the court poet of the Lahore Sikh Darbar, during the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.[3]


Qadir Yar started his literary career with Mehraj Nama (1832), the longest poem composed by him and containing 1014 couplets. The poem gives a fictional account of Muhammad's journey through the seven skies. As Yar mentioned in this poem, he was inspired to write Mehraj Nama after reading Noor Nama, a poem by another poet, Murad. His another poem entitled Qissa Puran Bhagat is considered his magnum opus. It tells the story of Puran Bhagat. His other significant works include Qissa Sohni Mahinwal, Hari Singh Nalwa Di Var, and Var Rani Kokilan.[2]

Further reading[edit]

  • N.S Tasneem (1992). Qadir Yar (PDF). Makers of Indian Literature. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-7201-264-0.
  • M. Athar Tahir (1988). Qadir Yar: A Critical Introduction. Pakistan Punjabi Adabi Board. ISBN 978-969-411-107-0.


  1. ^ Sujit Mukherjee (1998). A Dictionary of Indian Literature (One): Beginnings – 1850. Hyderabad: Orient Longman Limited. p. 56.
  2. ^ a b N.S Tasneem (1992). Qadir Yar. Makers of Indian Literature. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-7201-264-0.
  3. ^ Sisir Kumar Das (2005). History of Indian Literature. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. p. 457. ISBN 978-81-7201-006-5.