|Elevation||250 m (820 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Qadian was established in 1530 by Mirza Hadi Baig, a religious scholar dedicated to Islam and the first Qazi within the area. Mirza Hadi Baig was from a royal household of Mirza of the Mughal Empire. He migrated from Samarkand and settled in Punjab where he was granted a vast tract of land comprising 80 villages by the emperor Babur. Because of his religious beliefs, he named the center of the 80 villages 'Islam Pur Qazi' and governed from there. Over time, the name of the town changed to 'QaziMaji' ('Maji' means 'bull', referring to the animal still found in abundance in Qadian). Later, it was called just 'Qadi' and eventually became known as 'Qadian'.
Qadian and the surrounding areas later fell to the Ramgharia Sikhs who offered the ruling Qazis, two villages which they refused. In 1834, during the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the region consisting of Qadian and five adjoining villages was given to Mirza Ghulam Murtaza, father of Ghulam Ahmad in return for military support in Kashmir, Mahadi, the Kulu valley, Peshawar and Hazara.
As Ahmadiyya Centre
A remote and unknown town, Qadian emerged as a centre of religious learning in 1889, when Mirza Ghulam Ahmad established the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, and in 1891 it became the venue for the Community's annual gatherings. Qadian remained the administrative headquarters and capital of the Ahmadiyya Caliphate until the partition of India in 1947, when much of the Community migrated to Pakistan. Following the partition, Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmud Ahmad, the second Khalifa of the Community, carefully oversaw the safe migration of Ahmadis from Qadian to the newly founded state, instructing 313 men, including two of his own sons, to stay in Qadian and guard the sites holy to Ahmadis, conferring upon them the title darveshān-i qādiyān (the dervishes of Qadian) and eventually moving the headquarters to Rabwah, Pakistan.
As of India's census in 2013, Qadian had a population of 40,827. Males constituted 54% of the population and females 46%. Qadian has an average literacy rate of 75%, slightly higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 70%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Before the partition of India, the town of Qadian had a majority Muslim population because of the many religious institutions belonging to the Islamic faith. Since 1947, Qadian's population is mostly Hindu or Sikh: Prajapatis (Kumhar), Bhatias, Brahmins, Arya Samajis and Bajwas (most of whom migrated from Pakistani Punjab during partition); as Bajwas came from Kalaswala Punjab (now in Pakistan— Kalaswala Khalsa School Qadian there is named in memory of Qadian) based with some members of the Ahmadiyya Community staying behind to care for the community's buildings and mosques. The vast majority of the community migrated to Pakistan during the partition of India.
Notable people from Qadian
Although Qadian is relatively remote and has a very small population, it has many notable historical, religious and political figures;
Khalifas to Mirza Ghulam Ahmad who were from Qadian
- Hakeem Noor-ud-Din from 1908 to 1914
- Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad from 1914 to 1965
- Mirza Nasir Ahmad from 1965 to 1982
- Mirza Tahir Ahmad from 1982 to 2003
Health Service Providers
- Noor Hospital
- Bhatia Hospital
- Sukh Hospital
- S.S.Bajwa Memorial Senior Secondary School
- Vibudhah College of Health Sciences
- Taleem UL Islam Senior Secondary School
- Jamia Ahmadiyya Qadian
- Nusrat Girls High School
- Nusrat Girls College
- Ahmadiyya Centre for Computer Education
- A.V.M. High School
- Daya Nanad Anglo Vedic School
- Khalsa Senior Secondary School
- New generation computer centre main bazar qadian
- SPS Garden Valley
- Sikh National College
- Bright Mind Qadian
- Krishan Mandir
- Singh Sabha Gurdwara
- Bahishti Maqbara cemetery
- Mubarak Mosque
- Aqsa Mosque
- Baitud Dua
- Jamia Ahmadiyya Qadian
- Shahid, Dost Mohammad (2007) . Taareekhe–Ahmadiyyat (Tareekh E Ahmadiyyat) [History of Ahmadiyyat] (PDF)
|url=(help) (in Urdu). 1. India: Nazarat Nashro Ishaat Qadian. p. 40. ISBN 81-7912-121-6. ISBN incorrectly printed in the book as 181-7912-121-6. Complete PDF: 19 Volumes (11,600 pages) (541.0 M). (Volume 14 meta-data appeared to closely match the original reference, but is unverified as the correct volume).
- "From Sufism to Ahmadiyya: A Muslim Minority Movement in South Asia". Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- "Qadian in India is Situated Exactly to the East of Damascus in Syria". Flickr. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
- "The Divine guidance about leadership in the latter days". Ahmaddiya Muslim Community. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Gurdaspur Religion Census 2011". Retrieved 16 November 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- Sahitya Akademi Award – Punjabi 1957-2007 Archived 31 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Sahitya Akademi Award Official listings.
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