Qadriddin Aslonov (Tajik: Қадриддин Аслонов/Persian: قدرالدین اصلانوف), also spelled Kadriddin Aslonov (1947-1992), was acting President of Tajikistan between August 31 and September 23, 1991. On September 20, 1991, Aslonov resigned from the Tajik Communist Party as well as from its Politburo. (John W. Parker, Persian Dreams: Moscow and Tehran Since the Fall of the Shah, Washington, Potomac Books, 2009 p. 61). When his predecessor Qahhor Mahkamov resigned as the President of Tajikistan Aslonov was elected his temporary successor in the capacity as Chairman of the Supreme Soviet. One of Aslonov's first actions as leader was to sign an edict calling for the cessation of all activities of the Communist Party on the territory of Tajikistan and the nationalization of the party's property. The Congress of the Communist Party of Tajikistan subsequently convened in the second half of September 1991 to announce the dissolution of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
On September 23, conservative forces in the Tajik government ousted Aslonov. First Party Secretary Rahmon Nabiyev was installed as president, and a state of emergency was declared the same day.