Kaimkhani or Qaimkhani (Urdu: قائم خانى, Hindi: क़ायमख़ानी) is a Muslim Rajput clan that resides in Sindh and Punjab, Pakistan and Rajasthan, India. Kaimkhanis are the descendants of Nawab Kaim Khan, born Karamchand, the son of Raja Motay Rai Chauhan, the ruler of Dorayra or Dadrewa (presently situated in the Churu district of Rajasthan). Karamchand and his bothers were converted to Islam by Firuz Shah Tughlaq who named him Kaim Khan Urdu: نواب قائم خان , and his brothers Zainuddin Khan and Zabaruddin nawab Zainuddin Khan son Pahryan Khan. The term Kaimkhanis or qaim khanis applies not only to the descedants of Kaim Khan but also to the descendants of his brothers.Kaim Khan become an Ameer of the Delhi Sultanate. Tuzk-e-Mehboobia of Sultan-e-Deccan Mir Mehboob Ali Khan mentions:
Nawab Kaim Khan embraced Islam in 754 Hijra. In 760 Hijra, Sultan Feroz Shah appointed him the Governor of Hisar Ferozah with the title of Khan-e-Jehan. Nawab Kaim Khan continued as the Governor of Hisar in the times of Muhammad bin Tughluq and Khizr Khan. Khizr Khan defeated Daulat Khan Lodhi, who was at the helm of the Delhi Sultanate for a year and three months, and imprisoned him under Kaim Khan at Hisar Ferozah. Later Khizr Khan developed differences with Kaim Khan. Khizr Khan was on a military campaign when he received the information that Ameers Kaim Khan, Ikhtiar Khan, and former members belonging to the court of Sultan Mahmud Shah Tughlaq were planning to dethrone him. Khizr Khan left the campaign and while returning to Delhi, invited Nawab Kaim Khan and the others to a meeting held on the banks of Jumna where they were murdered on 20th Jamadi-ul-Awal, 822 Hijra. Tareekh-e-Farishta and Tarik-e-Tabqat-e-Akbari also corroborate this incident. It is believed[by whom?] that Kaim's body was then thrown in the river Jumna as his burial place is not mentioned in history. Khizr Khan went on to establish the Sayyid dynasty. Nawab Kaim Khan had six sons, named Muhammad Khan, Taj Khan, Quttab Khan, Mohan Khan, Ikhtiar Khan, and Wahid Khan. During the life of the Nawab, Muhammad Khan lived in Hisar while Taj Khan and Quttub Khan ruled Tussam in Punjab. Mohan Khan and Ikhtiar Khan were the rulers of Fatehabad and Dhosi. After the death of their father at the hands of Khizr Khan, they dispersed and chose to avoid confrontation with Hakim-e-Delhi (ruling power in Delhi). Taj Khan later became the Nawab of Hisar, ruling from 1420 - 1446 AD. After death of Taj Khan his eldest son Fateh Khan was made Nawab of Hisar but Bahlol Lodi expelled Fatehkhan from Hisar. Taj Khan's brother, Muhammad Khan was made Nawab of Hansi but he was also expelled. Fateh Khan and Muhammad Khan came to Shekhawati area of Rajasthan and established the states of Fatehpur and Jhunjhunu respectively. Nawab Zainudin Khan and Nawab Jabeerudin Khan founded the states of Narhar, Barwasi, Jharo Dapti, and Kayad. In the Mughal era, Nawab Alaf Khan - Nawab Of Fatehpur became the commander of Rajput forces in the army of Emperor Jahangir. According to Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, he conquered Qilla Of Kongrah a strong hold of Katoch Rajput which empror Akber failed to capture and assisted in the battle of Deccan. He is considered as the most prominent personality after Kaim Khan.
The British designated the Kaimkhanis as a martial race and recruited them into the British Indian Army, mainly in The Grenadiers infantry regiment and the various Cavalry regiments of the Indian Army. In post-independence India, the Kaimkhanis continued to serve in these regiments, but with reduced numbers. Currently, the 61st Cavalry Regiment of the Indian Armoured Corps, the only purely horse-mounted cavalry regiment in the modern world, has the highest number of Kaimkhani recruits.
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- ^ Stern, Robert W. (1988). The Cat and the Lion: Jaipur State in the British Raj. BRILL. p. 265. ISBN 978-9-00408-283-0.
- ^ Qiyamkhanis, Nupur Chaudhuri, Popular Literature and Pre-modern Societies in South Asia By Surinder Singh, I. D. Gaur, p. 62-73
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- Full text of "The Martial Races Of India" - Internet Archive p. 283