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This article is about the Arab tribe. For the legendary founder of the Pashtun nation, see Qais Abdur Rashid.

Qays 'Aylan (Arabic: قيس عيلان‎‎), also spelled Qais or Kais, were an Arab tribe branched from the Mudhar Adnani groups.

Main branches[edit]

The main branches of the Qays tribes are the Banu Sulaym, Hawazin and the Banu Ghatafan. These three main groups remained in the Eastern Hejaz until the 7th century. They first fought the Ansari and Qurayshi Muslims, but converted to Islam after their defeat in the Battle of Hunayn. The Qaysis branched into more subgroups during the Umayyad Caliphate.

Qays-Kalbid rivalry[edit]

The rivalry between Qais and the Banu Kalb, which was extended to the "North Arab" (Qays-led) versus "South Arab" or "Yamani" (Kalb-led) tribal supergroups, became firmly established after the Battle of Marj Rahit (684).

Battles between the Azdi Muslim Ansar and the Qays, then pagan tribes of Arabia will continue until the 18th century in battles fought between them regardless of religious affiliations in Tunisia, Sicily, Syria, Lebanon and Spain.

Qays and Islam[edit]

In the pre-Islamic times Qays tribes were known to be a notorious threat to caravans passing Nejd or Hijaz. Quresh paid them an annual third of its date harvest to help eliminate the Muslims in Madinah.

Sack of Al Qudr 624 AD[edit]

After the Battle of Badr The Banu Saleem were preparing to raid Yathrib. Muslims departing Badr after their victory there, sacked al-Qudr Oasis and took 500 camels as booty.

Battle of Ahzab 627 AD[edit]

The Qays tribes were the second major contributor in manpower to the Battle of Ahzab behind Quraysh.

Battle of Khaybar 629 AD[edit]

During the Battle of the Ahzab, the Jews of Khaybar established a joint defense agreement with the tribe of Ghatafan.

The Muslims marched against the Jewish Fortress, so the Jews called upon their allies to come aid them. Approximately 4,000 Ghatafani fighters marched towards Khaybar. However, The Banu Ghatafan experienced a paranormal experience, according to Islamic tradition.[1] So The Ghatafan tribes feared that their families were threatened and returned home to find their families surprised to see them.