Qakh District

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Qax
Rayon
Map of Azerbaijan showing Qakh Rayon
Map of Azerbaijan showing Qakh Rayon
Country  Azerbaijan
Villages 58
Capital Qakh (city)
Government
 • Executive power Musa Shakiliyev[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 603 km2 (233 sq mi)
Population [3]
 • Total 53,900
 • Density 89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Postal code 3400
Telephone code (+994) 24[4]
Website qax-ih.gov.az

Qakh District (Azerbaijani: Qax rayonu; Georgian: კახის რაიონიK′axis raioni), also Kakhi or sometimes Gakh, is a raion (district) in the north of Azerbaijan, on the border with Georgia.

Geography[edit]

The area of the region occupies 1,494 km2 (577 sq mi) and borders Russia on the north, Georgia on the west. It also shares the internal boundaries with Zaqatala Rayon in the northwest, Yevlakh and Samukh regions in the south and Shaki region in the east.[5]

History[edit]

The Qakh region of Azerbaijan has a long history dating back to ancient times. Archaeological excavations the area had been populated during Eneolithic, Bronze and early Iron Ages. What remains of these early inhabitants' activities indicates they engaged largely in sedentary cultivation, animal-breeding and art. Qax (Kakhi) region was part of Kakheti-Hereti Kingdom and than part of united Georgian kingdom. In 1921 Kakhi Region became part of Azerbaijan.

With the spread of Christianity throughout the region during the existence of Caucasian Albania, some Churches were built in the Qakh district.[6] In the 8th century A.D., Qakh fell under Arab occupation. Starting from the 11th century first Oghuz Turks and later Qipchaq Turks inhabited the area, the region was incorporated into the Seljuq Empire. Qakh was later a part of Atabeg and Shirvanshah states. With invasion of Hulaguids in Azerbaijan in the 13th century, Mongolian nomadic tribes populated the region. In 1562, by the order of the Safavid Shah Tahmasp I, Ilisu Sultanate was established in Qakh. In the 18th century, Ilisu Sultanate became so powerful that, the Ottoman Emperor conferred its ruler Ali Sultan Bey the highest title of Pasha recognizing him as the Beylerbey of Shaki.

In 1803 the sultanate of Ilisu was annexed to the Russian empire. The ruler of the sultanate, Daniyal, inspired the people to rise against Russian rule in 1844, due to a disagreement between him and the government of Russia. Sultan Daniyel was defeated near the village of İlisu and continued his struggle against Russian along with the leader of the national freedom movement, Sheykh Shamil. Russians burnt Ilisu and divided the territory of the sultanate into mahals (territorial units) and annexed them to the Jar-Balaken daire (territorial unit) converting it into a colony of tsarist Russia. With proclamation of independence of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in May 1918, Qakh was retained within Azerbaijan. During the Soviet rule, Qakh was established as raion of Azerbaijan SSR in 1930.[5]

Demographics[edit]

The overall statistics indicate the population growth fluctuates. For instance, In 2000 there were 832 newly born, in 2006 - 816, down to 753 in 2009.[7]

The Qakh District is also a center of the Georgian minority in Azerbaijan, with most of the ones in this district being of Christian origin.

Ethnic group 1999[8] 2009[9][10][11]
Population  % Population  %
Total 51 161 100.00 53 259 100.00
Azerbaijanis 39 355 76.92 43 946 82.51
Ingiloy (Georgians) 7 450 14.56 7 447 13.98
Tsakhurs 2 612 5.11 1 008 1.89
Lezgins 609 1.19 253 0.48
Russians 91 0.18 67 0.13
Turks 96 0.19 64 0.12
Avars 11 0.02 9 0.02
Tatars 7 0.01 7 0.01
Armenians 5 0.01 7 0.01
Ukrainians 26 0.05 5 0.01
Others 899 1.76 446 0.84

Villages[edit]

The city has 59 villages

Picture gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Qax rayonu icra hakimiyyətin başçisi dəyişdirildi" [The head of executive power of Qakh rayon replaced]. Lider TV. 2010-04-13. Retrieved 2010-12-30. 
  2. ^ Qax Rayon: General information on Azerbaijan.az
  3. ^ Statistical Yearbook 2011, table 2.19, State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan, Baku.
  4. ^ "Şəhərlərarası telefon kodları". Aztelekom MMC. Aztelekom İB. Retrieved 19 August 2015.  (in Azerbaijani)
  5. ^ a b "Qax rayonu icra hakimiyyəti. QAX RAYONU HAQQINDA QISA MƏLUMAT" [Executive Power of Gakh Rayon. Brief information about Gakh Rayon]. Retrieved 2010-12-30. 
  6. ^ "Архитектурное наследие Албанской Церкви" [Architectural heritage of Albanian Church]. Retrieved 2010-12-30. 
  7. ^ "Azərbaycanın regionları. Demoqrafik göstəricilər" [Statistics Committee. Regions of Azerbaijan. Demographic indicators]. Retrieved 2010-12-30. 
  8. ^ Ethnic composition of Azerbaijan by 1999 census
  9. ^ Qax rayonu
  10. ^ Ethnic composition of Azerbaijan by 2009 census
  11. ^ "Qax Rayon İcra Hakimiyyəti". Əhalisi. Retrieved 24 August 2015.  (in Azerbaijani)

Coordinates: 41°25′00″N 46°55′00″E / 41.4167°N 46.9167°E / 41.4167; 46.9167