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|District||Gozo and Comino District|
|• Mayor||Clint Camilleri (PL)|
|• Total||5.9 km2 (2.3 sq mi)|
|• Density||390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Qali (m), Qalija (f), Qalin (pl)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||MT-42|
|Patron saint||St. Joseph|
|Day of festa||First Sunday of August|
Qala (Maltese: Il-Qala, pronounced Aala in English) is a village on the island of Gozo, Malta, with a population of 2,284 as of March 2014. Nearby is Ħondoq ir-Rummien, a coastline with salt pans and caves popular with snorkellers and divers.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 About the Town
- 3 Places of interest
- 4 Voluntary Groups in Qala
- 5 Events
- 6 Qala main roads
- 7 External links: groups in Qala
- 8 References
The name Qala derives from Siculo-Arabic.
About the Town
Qala is first referred to in a fifteenth-century portolan preserved at the Vatican Library. It has taken its name from the qala or port of Ħondoq ir-Rummien. It is the easternmost village of Gozo and has been inhabited since early times. The development of the present settlement began in the second half of the seventeenth century. It is a pleasant and rural place with many natural and historic attractions.
Though Qala is the farthest village from Gozo's capital, Victoria, it is the closest to the rest of the Maltese archipelago, and the rocky hillsides of Qala enjoy an unobstructed view of the islands of Malta and Comino. The aforementioned islands can be clearly seen from Qala Belvedere and from the small courtyard in front of the church known as Il-Madonna tal-Blat (Our Lady of the Rocks). This church faces Comino and legend has it that it was built so that the people of that island could follow Holy Mass from across the straits when rough weather precluded a priest from crossing there.
Except for a few sheltered inlets, like the popular Ħondoq ir-Rummien, Qala's coastline is largely rugged. Among the many sea caves found along the coast is Għar Minka, which is accessible only by boat.
Qala is located at the easternmost point of Gozo, and is the village furthest from the capital Victoria. Its name is both Arabic and Maltese for sheltered haven or bay, and this is reflected in its coat of arms - a Gozo boat sailing on rough seas. The village parish church is dedicated to Saint Joseph, and was built by Dun Guzepp Diacono, between 1882 and 1889. Its style is baroque as in many other churches on the island. Qala became a parish on 3 February 1872, and until 1889 the parish church was that of the Immaculate Conception of Our Lady. The foundation stone of the parish of Saint Joseph was laid on 19 March 1882 and the church consecrated on 8 May 1904.
Sites of historical interest in and around Qala include the salt pans, a well-preserved windmill and prehistoric remains. One can find examples of cart ruts, (parallel tracks cut into the rock) which extend over 180 metres and are some of the longest on Gozo.
Places of interest
St. Joseph Parish Church
The village parish church is dedicated to St Joseph. It was built by the same architect-priest who built the church of Għasri, Dun Guzepp Diacono, between 1882 and 1889, when he was serving as parish priest of Qala. It is built in baroque, for many churches on the island, whether built in the seventeenth or in the latter half of the twentieth century, were constructed in this style.
Qala became a parish on 3 February 1872, the first to be established after the establishment of the Diocese of Gozo. Until 1889, the seat of the parish church was the church of the Immaculate Conception of Our Lady. The foundation stone of the parish of Saint Joseph was laid on 19 March 1882 and the church was consecrated on 8 May 1904. The parish became Archi-presbyteral on 21 April 1965. The village feast to St. Joseph is celebrated yearly in early August.
Immaculate Conception Chapel
This Chapel, which is situated in Qala on the way to Ħondoq ir-Rummien, is one of the earliest Marian shrines on the island and dates back to 1575. It is dedicated to the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary. The feast is celebrated on 8 December and the statue was sculptured in Marseilles by Gallard et Fils in 1887.
In the early 1650s, the chapel was enlarged and on 28 April 1688, it became the parish church of the eastern part of Gozo, Qala, Nadur and Għajnsielem and remained so for about 12 years. It served again as a parish church of Qala from February 1872 to February 1889. It was consecrated on 21 May 1950.
Between 1982 and 1988 the inside was gilded and refurbished.The main attraction is the altarpiece, attributed to Federico Barocci di Urbino. It shows God extending his special protection to the Immaculate Conception.The Virgin Mary was crowned on 1 August 1954.
St. Anthony's Battery
St. Anthony's Battery, also known as Ras il-Qala (Qala Point) Battery, was built between 1731 and 1732. Its design is attributed to Charles François de Mondion. It was intended to guard the mouth of the channel between Gozo and Comino.
The work was originally designed with a semi-circular gun platform and two blockhouses at the rear. However; it was eventually built with a semi-hexagonal front. Consequently, the landward defenses incorporated a free-standing red-an trace with thick walls and numerous musketry loopholes, which were shielded by two flanking traverses. The land front itself was protected by a shallow ditch. A solid blockhouse with battered walls occupied the center of the enclosure. In 1770, St. Anthony's Battery had an armament of three 8-pdr guns with 427 rounds of roundshot and 75 rounds of grapeshot; and eight 6-pdr guns with 127 rounds of roundshot and 45 rounds of grapeshot.
Although most of the landward part of St. Anthony's Battery was in a precarious state of neglect with part of the wall and the entire blockhouse in complete ruins, Din l-Art Ħelwa (a non-profit making organisation) are at present carrying out renovation and reconstruction works on the Block house and the entrance.
Ħondoq ir-Rummien bay can be accessed from the village of Qala and lies opposite to the isle of Comino. The small sandy beach and its crystalline water makes Ħondoq Bay very popular amongst the local population especially in summer.
Apart from an ideal swimming zone, the bay is also renowned for diving, especially for beginners. During summer evenings a number of local families stay late in Ħondoq to relax by their smoking barbecues enjoying the cool summer breeze.
Voluntary Groups in Qala
Radju Leħen il-Qala
Radju Leħen il-Qala was set up in 1996. It was 25 July of that year when for the first time a local voice was heard on our radio sets. A voice that echoed into our homes and which is still echoing today in wider and stronger dimensions.
The mind behind the whole idea was that of Canon Karm Refalo who was archpriest of Qala at the time. Helped along by a group of young people all fired with dynamic energy and enthusiasm they succeeded in transmitting the first schedule of programmes on the occasion of the feast of St. Joseph, patron saint of Qala. It was a totally new idea for Qala and even for Gozo, but which took root and is now spread all over the Maltese islands in a considerable number of community radio stations. One may ask, was it opportune that such a radio station should be set up? The answer is definitely yes. Otherwise how could the station be still functioning thirteen years after it started. The station serves many purposes. In the first place it is a valuable means of transmission. Besides, it forms a link with Maltese emigrants scattered in so many countries overseas; it is a means for spiritual and social teaching; it is also a means of support and consolation to so many lonely old or sick people who listening to the voice reaching them from the small town in the east of Gozo, can follow all that is happening in the world outside their rooms and feel that they are still a part of that world.
The beginning was difficult. Resources were limited. None of those involved were experts in the field of transmission. It all started from nothing in a small room on top of the church sacristy. Yet it was from there that the voice which today still echoes first emerged. The first schedule of programmes spread over a few days was successfully completed and all felt happy and proud of the achievement. On the days following the village feast, many were asking "Why did you stop transmitting?" It was evident that the idea of a local station had been well received in the town and that the community of Qala was in favour that it should be explored further. The enthusiasm of the pioneering group was strong enough not to let the idea die out but instead to make it grow and develop. And that is exactly what happened. From then onwards the schedule of programmes continued to grow in quantity and quality.
Originally Radju Leħen il-Qala transmitted on frequency 106.5FM. But when consequently a national radio started transmissions on a frequency quite close, it caused a hindrance to our community radio. People were complaining that the voice of the local radio was no longer clear and they were experiencing difficulty in following the programmes. This was a further proof of the value of the radio. It was a confirmation that it was a good and modern means of bringing the Christian message to the whole community. An official request was therefore made to the Broadcasting Authority and Radju Leħen il-Qala was given a new frequency – 106.3FM.
Who could have thought that Radju Leħen il-Qala would start a new page in the field of national broadcasting? Yet that is exactly what happened. Once more the radio took the front lead among community radios in the finals for best programmes in the Maltese islands. Saturday, 16 November 2002 is a date that will be forever remembered and which will be written in gold in the history of the radio and in that of broadcasting in Malta. Not only was the radio among the finalists but also won first place with the programme ‘L’edukazzjoni ta’Wliedna’ (The Education of our Children). Many just could not believe. They queried how a community radio could compete with national stations. Yet it could. Following its success, the radio figured prominently in the local media when it sought to go further. There were more surprises in the pipeline. The station once more reached the finals in the Awards for the best programmes set by the Broadcasting Authority. In November 2003 Radju Leħen il-Qala won third place out of eighteen nominations in the edition Gharfien Nazzjonali Zghazagh fis-Socjeta’ 2003 (National Recognition of Youth in Society 2003)
Since its beginning, Radju Leħen il-Qala has changed its transmission studio more than once, always with one aim, to give better service. Unfortunately this did not always turn out to be the truth, but one can only learn through mistakes. Today, Radju Leħen il-Qala has new studios, better equipped, more comfortable, which after all suit the high image the radio enjoys. These studios have been inaugurated in July 2008. They are under the direction of the present archpriest Canon Dr. Joe Zammit and they are committed to grow better and stronger thus laying the way for the future.
The Qala Fireworks Group
The Qala Fireworks Group, formed back in 1956, is made up of very dedicated volunteer people who work all year round to collect funds and put up one of the greatest aerial and ground fireworks show on Gozo. Qala has always been renewed for having high quality fireworks and this is what the group strive to achieve year after year. The group heavily depends on the generosity of the village people, whom with their donations finance a large part of the total outlay. As soon as a feast is over, the group looks back at all the work done and then starts its preparations for the following year's show.
A thing which this group is famous for and which withdraws people from all corners of Malta and Gozo is without doubt the ground fireworks, where only in this feast one can see such a nice and huge display in Gozo. It all started in 1999, when some Qala fireworks enthusiasts came up with the idea of making 2 new structures (armaturi). And the story continued from there. At that time they managed to make 2 structures, which left everyone amazed by their huge size, technicality and the great performance they gave. And from there, year after year the group continued to produce new structures and thanks to this, we proudly say that no where else in Gozo can one see such an amazing show which is held annually on Saturday evening.
Apart from being famous for the ground fireworks show, the same can be said as regards the aerial display put on every year. Believing in quality and not much in quantity, the group offers one of the best aerial displays in Gozo especially the Sunday night show. The show starts with the 'Dahna Kulur' and continue with a nice spectacle of 'Msilet, loghob u Hsejjes' from a variety of fireworks factories from around Malta and Gozo...
Għaqda Briju San Ġużepp
Għaqda Briju San Ġużepp was formed back in July 2007 when a number of enthusiastic youths decided to put their energies together with the main aims being of:
- Getting together the village youths by organising activities all year round related particularly to them.
- Improving the external celebrations relating to the Saint Joseph Feast celebrated in our village.
- Working on new feast decorations.
Once the committee was formed on 1 July 2007, work started immediately for the feast which was due to be celebrated at the beginning of the following month. In this relatively short period, the group managed to organize with big success two BBQ Fests at Hondoq ir-Rummien with the aim of raising funds to finance the projects which the committee had agreed to work on.
After the 2007 feast was over, the committee prepared a program of activities for the whole year. In fact the group organised transport for the Notte Bianca event in October, a Christmas concert with the collaboration of the Qala Local Council, as well as helped in the carnival celebrations held in our village. In early March, work started on the second phase of the project, which was scheduled to be completed before the 2008 feast. Also the group designed and ordered new feast T-shirts as well as worked on new flags to be used during the marches. Another initiative taken was that of meeting on a regular basis the Qala youths to prepare with them for the feast marches, the aim being of having well organised celebrations.
The 2008 Feast was a memorable one not only for the group but for all the people of our village. People were amazed since a small village can put up such an amazing feast. The committee have already started its preparations for the upcoming feast and is currently in discussions to decide on the next project which it promises to be bigger than the one finished this year.
Qala St. Joseph F.C.
Qala St. Joseph F.C is a football club from the village of Qala in Gozo, Malta. The club was founded in 1968 and is named after the village patron Saint Joseph. They play in the Gozo Football League.
Menhir Qala Folk Group
The Menhir Qala Folk Group, was originally set up to promote the local traditions and culture of the Gozitan and Maltese folklore, with special reference to the village of Qala and its history. The Qala Local Council offered all its means and manpower to sustain the conception and growth of this folk group. The first official group inauguration took place on 18 September 2004 in Ġnien il-Familja where a traditional Maltese night was organized with full co-operation of the Qala Local Council involving the participation of all the members of the group; the repertoire being several traditional Maltese dances and songs. Since its formation in 2003, the Menhir Qala Folk Group has participated in various local, national and international events and activities; mostly those organized by other local councils both in Malta and Gozo.
It is worth mentioning here, that the first invitation abroad was to Porto Roz in Slovenia in July 2005 for the Val Piran International Folklore Festival where the group was representing the Maltese Islands amongst other foreign groups such as those from Portugal, Italy and of course Slovenia.
Since then, the group has participated in other Folk Festivals, held in Lanciano, Italy, Serbia, Czech Republic and Lefkada, Greece. For the near future the group is being enlarged with the involvement of four male dancers. Traditional costumes are worn and tools are used during the dances and songs to provide a better picture to the audience especially for tourists when performing locally and also when participating in international events abroad.
With great success our folk group, in collaboration with the Qala Local Council has organised the Qala International Folk Festival, which this year will be the 6th edition since its inception. This folk festival is the only international folk festival held on the island of Gozo and it is very much anticipated by both the local communities and the tourists visiting the island at the time. Folk groups from abroad who have so far participated in this event hail from countries such as, Slovenia, Serbia, Portugal, Italy, Bulgaria, Sicily and Slovakia to name but a few. During this festival the Menhir Qala Folk Group are responsible in the re-enactment of a traditional Maltese wedding. Another event held during the festival is a half day conference covering a different subject related with our customs and culture. For this conference, even the foreign groups attending the festival, participate.
The Menhir Qala Folk Group has recently acquired premises in the village of Qala, which used to be the old police station and which eventually, with the assistance of the Local Council, these premises will be transformed into a folklore museum, and obviously will be the headquarters for the Menhir group.
The Menhir Qala Folk Group committee is made up of 7 members and the president is Mr Paul Buttigieg, Mayor of Qala Local Council. These committee meetings are held in the Qala Local Council premises.
Ite Ad Joseph
The Ite ad Joseph Band is the official band of the village of Qala is one of eleven bands on the island Gozo. It was established on 8 December 1996 and just recently marked its first fifteenth anniversary. Since then the band has offered numerous services and most of Gozo's feasts on an annual basis mainly at the villages of Nadur, Ghajnsielem, Xewkija, Xaghra, Fontana, Sannat, St Anthony in Mgarr and at the St. George's feast in the capital Victoria. Also, the band has had services in a number of localities in Malta like in Kalkara. The Band is one which is quite renounced in Gozo.
Over the years, the Ite ad Joseph Band grew to become a medium-sized Gozitan band with an emphasis on quality service. It has issued two CDs so far, one in 2001 and another in 2004 on the occasion of the Centenary Celebrations. Between 20 and 26 September 2001 a number of Ite ad Joseph bandsmen participated with the Sicilian Band of Salina at Isola Verde. In September 2005 the band visited and performed in Arvika in the region of Varmland in Sweden. On other occasions a number of bandsmen performed in Siros in Greece.
The band is composed of about 35 regularly practicing and attending bandsmen and women and 39 students studying music, all from the village of Qala. As is the tradition in Gozo, a number of bandsmen and women are invited from outside the village to support the band on most occasions.
The Ite ad Joseph committee is presided by Raymond Tabone, Joseph Gatt is the secretary and Simeon Spiteri is the treasurer and Steve Bartolo, Lorne Cremona, and Gabriel Vella are members. The band is presently under the direction of Mro. Mark Gauci. All official committee meetings are held at the Ite ad Joseph Band Club at 12 St. Joseph Square, Qala, Gozo.
The membership base counts to over 600 members, accounting for half of the village population. Its popularity extends beyond Gozo's shores to hundreds of fans living in Australia, Canada, the United States of America, England and Wales.
St.Joseph Feast (Qala's patron's feast)
The feast of Qala is celebrated on the first Sunday of August and is dedicated to the beloved patron Saint Joseph.The baroque present parish church is dedicated to St Joseph. It was designed by Dun Gużepp Diacono and was built between 1882 and 1889. The foundation stone of the church was laid on 19 March 1882 and the church was consecrated on 8 May 1904. The parish became Archipresbyteral on 21 April 1965.
The community of Qala celebrated the first feast of St. Joseph on 27 April 1890. The village of Qala has a local brass band known as Ite ad Joseph, which plays marches and stage concerts during the festive week.
Gozo International Celebration
An international celebration which is held three times per year; Christmas Edition, Easter Edition, Feast Edition. This is an ecumenical, socio-cultural event organised by the Archpriest, Canon Dr. Joseph Zammit, and the clergy of the parish church of Qala. Entrance to this event is free but donations will be gratefully accepted.
International Folk Festival
The Festival is organised by the Qala Local Council and the Menhir Qala Folk Group. It is spread over four days, and has got a mix of traditional local and foreign folk music, song and dance. Performances are given by both local and foreign folk groups and bands, including instrumental and brass.
In 2008's edition a special attraction was that of It-Tieg-fl-Antik (a traditional Maltese wedding). It commenced at 11am and was a complete re-enactment of a Maltese wedding. Starting at Imgarr Road then moved in procession towards St Josephs Square. The wedding was concluded with a small 'festin' serving traditional wedding delicacies. Immediately after the wedding festivities there was the opening of the local Gozitan and Maltese traditional hand-crafts exhibition.
Qala main roads
- Triq il-Belveder (Belveder Road)
- Triq il-Kunċizzjoni (Immaculate Conception Road)
- Triq il-Qala (Qala Road)
- Triq it-28 t'April 1688 (28 April 1688 Street)
- Triq iż-Żewwieqa
- Triq l-Imġarr (Mgarr Road)
- Triq San Ġużepp (St Joseph Road)
Other streets at Qala
- Daħla il-Klin (Rosemary Lane)
- Daħla il-Wileġ (Open Fields Lane)
- Daħla Ta' Grunju (Grunju Lane)
- Daħla Tal-Ħawli (Tal-Hawli Lane)
- Daħla Tal-Knisja (Church Lane)
- Daħla Wied Biljun (Billion Valley Lane)
- Pjazza l-Isqof Mikiel Buttigieg (Bishop Michael Buttigieg Square)
- Pjazza Repubblika (Republic Square)
- Pjazza San Ġużepp (St. Joseph Square)
- Pjazza San Kerrew (San Kerrew Square)
- Sqaq Ta' Ħatar (Stick Alley)
- Sqaq Tal-Ħalq (Mouth Alley)
- Triq Andar ix-Xagħari (Andar ix-Xaghari Street)
- Triq Federico Barocci (Federico Barocci Street)
- Triq Ħondoq ir-Rummien (Hondoq ir-Rummien Road)
- Triq il-Biċċier (Butcher Street)
- Triq il-Forn (Bakery Street)
- Triq il-Fortin Sant' Anton (St. Anthony Fort Street)
- Triq il-Fugass (Fugass Street)
- Triq il-Kalati Puniċi (Kalati Punici Street)
- Triq il-Kappar (Capres Street)
- Triq il-Klin (Rosemary Street)
- Triq il-Mitħna (Mill Street)
- Triq il-Papa Piju IX (Pope Pius IX Street)
- Triq il-Papa Piju XII (Pope Pius XII Street)
- Triq il-Wardija (Wardija Road)
- Triq il-Wileġ (Open Fields Street)
- Triq in-Nadur (Nadur Road)
- Triq ir-Rebħa (Victory Street)
- Triq it-Telgħa (Hill Street)
- Triq it-Tempju (Temple Street)
- Triq l-Indipendenza (Independence Street)
- Triq l-Isqof Mikiel Buttigieg (Bishop Michael Buttigieg Street)
- Triq Lord Strickland (Lord Strickland Street)
- Triq Patri Ġużepp Portelli (Bro. Joseph Portelli Street)
- Triq San Franġisk (St. Frances Street)
- Triq Santa Marija tal-Qala (St. Mary of Qala Street)
- Triq Ta' Cini (Cini Road)
- Triq Ta' Gafan (Gafan Road)
- Triq Ta' Semper (Ta' Semper Road)
- Triq Taċ-Ċawl (Tac-Cawl Road)
- Triq Tal-Maqjel (Pig Sty Street)
- Triq Tal-Qasam (Qasam Road)
- Triq Tas-Salib (Cross Street)
- Triq Tas-Surġent (Surgent Street)
- Triq Tax-Xulliel (Xulliel Road)
- Triq Taż-Żrieraq (Zurrieq People Street)
- Triq Wied Biljun (Billion Valley Road)
- Triq Wied Simar (Simar Valley Road)
Streets at Ta' Kassja Area
- Triq Anton Buttigieg (Anton Buttigieg Street)
- Triq Ġanni Vella (John Vella Street)
- Triq il-Barbaġann (Barbagann Street)
- Triq il-Beata Adeodata Pisani (Blessed Adeodata Pisani Street)
- Triq il-Virgi (Rods Street)
- Triq in-Nigret (Nigret Road)
- Triq it-30 ta' Ottubru, 1948 (30 October 1948 Street)
- Triq l-Isqof Baldassare Cagliares (Bishop Baldassare Cagliares Street)
- Triq Salvu Attard (Saviour Attard Street)
- Triq Ta' Kassja (Ta' Kassja Road)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Qala.|
- "Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2014". Government of Malta. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015.
- p. 88
- Spiteri, Stephen C. (15 January 2011). "St Anthony Battery". MilitaryArchitecture.com. Retrieved 21 January 2015.