A qalam (Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Sindhi: Arabic: قلم) is a type of pen made from a dried reed, used for Islamic calligraphy. The word derives from the Greek word κάλαμος, meaning reed. In modern Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Kurdish, the word means either "pen" or "pencil", while in Hindi, Bengali and Urdu, the word solely means "pen". The ink for the pen was just a normal black ink.
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