|Other names||Abu Musa ‘Isa Ibn Mina al-Zarqi|
Abu Musa ‘Isa Ibn Mina al-Zarqi, better known as Qalun (120-220AH), was a significant figure in the spread of the Qira'at, or variant methods for recitation of the Qur'an. Being one of the two primary transmitters of the canonical method of Nafi‘ al-Madani, Qalun's recitation is currently the norm for Qur'an reading in mosques in Qatar as well as parts of Libya and Tunisia, and is quite popular among West Africans in the United States. The method of Qalun and his counterpart Warsh was also the most popular method of recitation in Islamic Spain.
Because he was deaf, he would detect and correct his students' mistakes, according to ibn Abu Khatim, by reading their lips; according to Yaqut, by getting so close to the student's mouth with his ear.He was born in Medina in the year 738, and he died there in 835.
Ten readers and transmitters
- Nafi‘ al-Madani
- Ibn Kathir al-Makki
- Abu 'Amr ibn al-'Ala'
- Ibn Amir ad-Dimashqi
- Aasim ibn Abi al-Najud
- Hamzah az-Zaiyyat
- Abu Ja'far
- 'Isa ibn Waddan
- Ibn Jummaz
- Ya'qub al-Yamani
- Peter G. Riddell, Early Malay Qur'anic exegical activity, p. 164. Taken from Islam and the Malay-Indonesian World: Transmission and Responses. London: C. Hurst & Co., 2001. ISBN 9781850653363
- Muhammad Ghoniem and MSM Saifullah, The Ten Readers & Their Transmitters. (c) Islamic Awareness. Updated January 8, 2002; accessed April 11, 2016.
- Shady Hekmat Nasser, Ibn Mujahid and the Canonization of the Seven Readings, p. 129. Taken from The Transmission of the Variant Readings of the Qur'an: The Problem of Tawaatur and the Emergence of Shawaadhdh. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2012. ISBN 9789004240810
- Claude Gilliot, Creation of a fixed text, pg. 50. Taken from The Cambridge Companion to the Qur'an by Jane Dammen McAuliffe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ISBN 9780521539340
- Zain Abdullah, Black Mecca: The African Muslims of Harlem, pgs. 172 & 265. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. ISBN 9780199813612
- L. P. Harvey, Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614, pg. 145. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008. ISBN 9780226319650
- "KĀLÛN - TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi".