Vaziri in the 1920s
Takestan, Qazvin, Persia
|Died||5 August 1959
Shemiran, Tehran, Iran
Qamar-ol-Moluk Vaziri (Persian: قمرالملوک وزیرى [ɢæmærolmoluːk væziːriː]; 1905 – 5 August 1959), born Qamar Seyed Hosayn Khan (Persian: قمر سید حسین خان), commonly known as "Qamar" (Persian: قمر [ɢæmær]; Arabic for "moon"), was a celebrated Iranian singer, who was also the first woman of her time to sing in public in Iran without wearing a veil. She is known as "the Queen of Persian music".
Early life and career
Qamar was born in Takestan, a city in Iran. Her father died before she was born, and after her mother's death from typhoid fever when she was one and a half years old, she was raised by her grandmother, rowzeh-khân (singer of soaz) at the darbar of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar, Mollâ Khayr-ol-Nesâ' Eftekhâr-ol-Zâkerin (the latter name was bestowed on her by the king, meaning "Glory of the Narrators").
Her existing birth certificate, issued in Tehran in 1925, legally records her first name as "Qamar-ol-Moluk" and her last name as changed from "Seyed Hosayn Khân" to "Vazirizâdeh", a name she chose for herself in honor of the musician and theoretician of music Ali-Naqi Vaziri.
Vaziri retired from singing in 1956, having worked for over 30 years with some of the most famous songwriters and poets in Iran, such as Morteza Neydavud, and having been recorded on several gramophone discs. She had often sung for charity and for the poor in Iran as well. She devoted her last years to philanthropic activities, as Zobeideh Jahangiri recalls them in A Moon Which Became The Sun (Persian: قمری که خورشید شد / Qamar-i Keh Xoršid Šod).
Vaziri died in 1959 in Shemiran. She is buried at Zahir o-dowleh cemetery. Contrary to popular belief that she died poor, she received a monthly salary of 800 tomans during the years preceding her death, which was about the salary of a high ranking university teacher.
- Petridis, Alexis. "Rocking the casbah: the gig of a lifetime that put Iranian women back on stage". The Guardian.
- Nakjavani, Erik. "QAMAR-AL-MOLUK VAZIRI". Encyclopedia Iranica. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "قمر هنرمندی بزرگ و مردمی". [Banoo Ghamarol Molooke Vaziri].
- "بر ابریشم صدایش نقش هزاردستان می خواند.".