Qambar Shahdadkot District
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ضلعو قمبر شهداد ڪوٽ
Map of Sindh with Qambar District highlighted
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Qambar Shahdadkot District (Sindhi: ضلعو قمبر شهداد ڪوٽ ) is a district of Sindh, Pakistan. District Qambar Shahdadkot with headquarters at Qambar was established on 13th December 2004. Taluka Qambar and Shahdadkot were part of Larkana district since long before they were combined and made one whole district for administrative purposes. At first it was named only Qambar but due to the dissent of people of Shahdadkot city, the name Shahdadkot was also added. The district was created in the tenure of Chief Minister Arbab Ghulam Rahim who is accused of creating this district for political gains and to weaken the stronghold of Pakistan People's Party in the area because Shahdadkot has been the electoral constituency for Shaheed Benazir Bhutto. The creation of the district benefitted Chandios who are the landlords of Qambar Shahdadkot. In 2005, Nawab Shabbir Khan Chandio became the first elected nazim of the newly created district
The district was split from Larkana District in December 2005. There was some controversy over the name of the district, with Qambar being favoured initially, but after protests from residents of Shahdadkot, it was renamed to Qambar-Shahdadkot District. The headquarters of the district is Qambar city.
The total area of District Qambar Shahdadkot is 1453383 acres. The district is divided into 7 talukas which are Qambar, Miro Khan, Shahdadkot, Warah, Sija Wal Junejo,Nasirabad and Qubo Saeed Khan. Taluka Qambar has the highest area which is 522,462 acres. District Council Qambar Shahdadkot have 52 Union councils , 2 Municipal Committees and 7 Town Committees.
The district government comprises seven groups of offices i.e. No health, education, works and services, no finance and planning, No community development, revenue and agriculture besides district administration comprising a District Nazim (mayor), Naib Nazim (deputy mayor) and District Coordination Officer.
According to a survey conducted by Sindh Education Management Information System in 2010-11, total number of schools for boys is 377, for girls is 306 and co-ed schools is 997. The number of boys enrolled in boys schools 7538 and total number of girls enrolled in girl's school is 33,061. Te total number of enrolled students is in all the schools is 195,774. Total number of teachers in the district is 4239 out of which 3411 are male teachers and 828 are female teachers. The student per teacher ratio is 46. Number of functional schools in urban areas is 91 and in rural areas is 1439. Total number of closed schools in the district is 150. The total number of schools in Qambar Shahdadkot is 1680.
Qambar Shahdakot shares its borders with 3 districts of Baluchistan on the west which are Khuzdar, Jaffarabad and jhal Magsi. Its southern borders are connected with district Dadu. District Larkana is on the east and district Jacobabad is on the north.
The district has variety of features with its vast plains, agriculture land, mighty mountain range of Kirthar and a number of wetlands including Hamal, Drigh and Langh lakes. The Khirthar extends southward for almost 300km from the Mula River in east-central Balochistan to Cape Muari (Monze) west of Karachi on the Arabian Sea. Khirthar in Sindhi means 'milk-cream' which is contrary to the environment of the place. It's a range of limestone hills and mountains which is referred as Hallar by the old writers, but it is commonly known as Kirthar today. The Khirthar range also has aÂ National Park which is also second largest Wild life Park in the area. It is located between Karachi and Balochistan. This hilly area is covered with limestone hills are rise from 4000 to nearly 8000 feet and surrounded by fossilized remnants from different times of history. The inhabitants of the region are chiefly Balochi and Sindhi who belong to Brahui tribe and they survive by flock graze. Chhuttas of Balochistan, Chandios and Gainchos of Sindh also live in this area. Rare species of animals are found in Khirthar National park for example Sindh Wild Goat, Indian Fox, Egyptian vulture, Indian Pangolin, Desert Wolf, Chinkara Gazelle, Honey Badger, Jackal, Asiatic leopard, Bonnelli's eagle, Stripped Hyena, Jungle cat, and also a numbers of reptile and bird species.
Following are the demographic indicators of the district,The population of the district is according to 1,844,854 Population 2015.
The Shahdadkot Textile Mills was situated in the north of Shahdadkot City. It employed around 4500 workers in the district which was previously part of Larkana. The mill was established in 1974 under the orders of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, then prime minister of Pakistan. Iran had assisted Pakistan for the installation of the mill in Shahdadkot. The mill was started in 1978 it became the source of livelihood of many people living in all four provinces. The cloth from here was sent to Punjab for selling. The mill produced export quality cloth. Due to political problems after Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's time and financial crisis to the mill, it could not pay salary to its 4000 workers and this lead to the downfall of the mill during Zia's regime. When Benazir Bhutto returned to the government in 1990, the mill again started to produce fine Polyester productions of various designs. Abdul Fatah Bhatti, funded by Nisar Memon-a contractor from Karachi, was give complete authorization to operate in the Mills. He even expelled the few remaining workers from the Mills and put up a notice of shutting down of the Mills on July 8, 2007. Because of political and economic crisis, the mills and the industry in the district suffered and its infrastructure was sold for petty amount. Now it wears a deserted look. The present small industries are as follows; Electronic goods, Agricultural tools, construction material and food processing through bakeries and shops. The cottage industry of embroidery caps particularly in Shahdadkot Taluka has a good market in the district as well as outside the district.
- https://www.ukessays.com/essays/history/the-climate-of-qamber-shahdadkot-district-history-essay.php. Missing or empty
- "Sindh population surges by 81.5 pc, households by 83.9 pc". Thenews.com.pk. 2 April 2012. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
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