Qarawat Bani Zeid
|Qarawat Bani Zeid|
|• Arabic||قراوة بني زيد|
|• Also spelled||Qarawat Bani Zaid (official)
Karawat Bani Zayd (unofficial)
View of Qarawat Bani Zeid, 2012
|Governorate||Ramallah & al-Bireh|
|• Type||Village council|
|• Jurisdiction||8,000 dunams (8.0 km2 or 3.1 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||The towns of Ibn Zeid, in the Beni Zeid district|
Qarawat Bani Zeid (Arabic: قراوة بني زيد) is a Palestinian village in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located 22 kilometers northwest of Ramallah in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), Qarawat Bani Zeid had a population of 2,915 inhabitants in 2007. Qarawat Bani Zeid is under the complete control of the Palestinian National Authority, as it is located within "Area A".
Situated close to the village mosque is the remains of a Roman pool, about 60 meters underground.
Qarawat Bani Zeid is named after the Arab tribe of Bani Zeid, that settled in the town after the Muslim Ayyubid victory against the Crusaders in 1187. The "Qarawat" portion of the name comes from the Arabic word Qaran, which means "central point", originating from the site's location between the major cities of Nablus, Jericho and Jerusalem. There is also speculation that the name comes from Qira, which means "place that respects guests". According to Palmer, the name means "he towns of Ibn Zeid, in the Beni Zeid district."
In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine, and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared as Qarawa, located in the nahiye of Quds (Jerusalem) in the sanjak of the Mutasarrifate of Jerusalem. The population was 32 households, all Muslim. They paid a tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, which included wheat, barley, olive trees, vineyards and fruit trees, occasional revenues, goats and beehives; a total of 24000 Akçe. Potsherds from the early Ottoman era have been found.
An official Ottoman village list of about 1870 showed that Karawa had a total of 48 houses and a population of 200, though the population count included men only.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Karawa Beni Zaid had a population of 274, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 394, still all Muslims, in a total of 88 houses.
In 1945 the population was 500, all Muslims, while the total land area was 5,100 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 3,421 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 219 for cereals, while 21 dunams were classified as built-up areas.
1967, and after
Qarawat Bani Zeid's main economic sectors are agriculture and traditional industries. The village's land area consists of about 8,000 dunams, 30% of which is built-up area, another 30% is covered with crops or orchards and the remaining 40% consists of either unused land or roads. The main crops that are grown are lentils, vegetables, thyme (za'atar) and sage. Grapes, as well as olive and fig orchards are also grown in the village lands. Traditional industries include basket weaving from olive wood, wool and leather-making and food manufacturing, particularly cheese.
About 60% of the village's working population are unemployed. The 40% that are employed work mostly in farming, simple commerce or teaching. However, some inhabitants work in government offices in Ramallah. There are two mosques, a hammam, a library, a social club for teenagers and a women's club in Qarawat Bani Zeid.
Qarawat Bani Zeid is governed by a village council. Elections are not held; rather, the council — which has representatives from the village's prominent families — select a mayor. The primary political faction is the Palestinian People's Party (PPP) and Fatah, Hamas and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) have minor influence in the village.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 238
- 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.112.
- Qarawat Bani Zeid Village Profile Archived October 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. International Women's Peace Service. April 2004.
- Bani Zeid: Excerpt Archived August 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Association for Culture Exchange
- Finkelstein et. al., 1997, p. 443
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 120
- Toledano, 1984, p. 297, has Qarawa located at 35°07′15″E 32°03′15″N. He further noted that the place was called Qurawa Bani Zayd in the 1525-6 register.
- Guérin, 1875, pp. 148-149
- Guérin, 1875, p. 149; cited in Finkelstein et al., 1997, p. 443
- Socin, 1879, p. 155
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 290
- Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
- Mills, 1932, p. 50
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 65
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 112
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 162
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Finkelstein, Israel; Lederman, Zvi, eds. (1997). Highlands of many cultures. Tel Aviv: Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University Publications Section. ISBN 965-440-007-3.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163.
- Toledano, E. (1984). "The Sanjaq of Jerusalem in the Sixteenth Century: Aspects of Topography and Population". Archivum Ottomanicum. 9: 279–319.
- Welcome To Qarawat Bani Zeid
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 14: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Qarawat Bani Zeid Village (Fact Sheet), Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Qarawat Bani Zeid Village Profile, Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Qarawat Bani Zeid, aerial photo, Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Locality Development Priorities and Needs in Qarawat Bani Zeid Village, Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)