Qari Muhammad Tayyib

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Hakim al-Islam

Qari Muhammad Tayyib
قاری محمد طیب
7th Vice-Chancellor of Darul Uloom Deoband
In office
1929 to 1981
Preceded byMaulana Habibur Rahman Usmani
Succeeded byMaulana Marghoobur Rahman Bijnori
TitleMohtamim, Darul Uloom Deoband
Personal
Born
Muzaffaruddin/Khurshid Qasim[1][2]

1897
Died17 July 1983
Resting placeDeoband, India
ReligionIslam
ChildrenMuhammad Salim Qasmi (son)
Parents
  • Maulana Hafiz Muhammad Ahmad Nanautawi (father)
EthnicityIndian
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceHanafi
CreedMaturidi
MovementDeobandi
Notable work(s)Human Being: A Distinguished Creature, The Maslak of Ulama of Deoband, Mas'ala Zuban-e-Urdu Hindustan Mein
Alma materDarul Uloom Deoband
RelativesMuhammad Qasim Nanautavi (grandfather), Abidullah Ghazi (grandson)
Founder ofAll India Muslim Personal Law Board
Muslim leader
Disciple ofAshraf Ali Thanwi

Maulana Qari Muhammad Tayyib Qasmi was an Indian Islamic scholar of the Deobandi school of Islamic thought. He was grandson of Muhammad Qasim Nanautavi, the founder of the Darul Uloom Deoband.He was the Mohtamim (vice-chancellor) of Darul Uloom from 1929 to 1981. [2]

Early life and career[edit]

Qari Muhammad Tayyib Qasmi was born in 1897.[1][2]He served as Mohtamim of Darul Uloom Deoband for half a century, from 1928 to 1980. Darul Uloom Deoband witnessed unprecedented progress during his tenure. He also founded the All India Muslim Personal Law Board and headed it till his death.

Darul Uloom (Waqf) Deoband[edit]

Along with Maulana Anzar Shah Kashmiri, the son of Allama Anwar Shah Kashmiri, Maulana Qari Tayyib laid the foundation of Darul Uloom Waqf, Deoband in 1982.[3]

Literary works[edit]

Few notable books of Qari Muhammad Tayyib are:[2]

  • Al-Tashabbuh fil-Islam
  • Mashaheer-e-Ummat
  • Kalimat-e-Tayyibat
  • Atyab al-Thamar fi Mas'alat al-Qaza wal-Qadr
  • Science aur Islam
  • Talimat-e-Islam aur Maseehi Aqwaam
  • Mas'alah Zuban-e-Urdu Hindustan Mein
  • Din-o-Siyasat
  • Asbab Urooj-o-Zawaley Aqwaam
  • Islami Azadi Ka Mukammal Program
  • Al-Ijtehad wal Taqleed
  • Usool Dawat-e-Islam
  • Islami Masawat
  • Fitri Hukumat

Translations of his books

  • Human Being: A Distinguished Creature [4]
  • The Maslak of Ulama of Deoband[5]
  • Islam and Sectarianism[6]

Poetry[edit]

The devotional poetry to Prophet Muhammed written in Urdu entitled Nabi e Akram Shafi e Azam is a noted work of Qari Muhammad Tayyib. His poetical compositions have been published as Irfan-e-Arif.[2]

Death[edit]

He died in Deoband on 17 July 1983. His funeral prayer was laid by his eldest son Maulana Muhammad Salim Qasmi.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Dr. Mohammad Shakaib Qasmi; Sheikh Ghulam Nabi Qasmi. The Life and Times of Hakimul Islam Mawlana Qari Muhammad Tayyib (PDF). Hujjat al-Islam Academy, Darul Uloom Waqf, Deoband. p. 24, 194. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e Maulana Mehboob Rizwi. History of The Dar al-Ulum Deoband (Volume 2). Translated by Prof. Murtaz Husain F. Quraishi (First Print 1981 ed.). Idara-e-Ehtemam, Dar al-Ulum Deoband. p. 175, 178.
  3. ^ Muhammadullah Khalili Qasmi. "Mawlana Anzar Shah Kashmiri: A Tribute to His Life and Services". IlmGate.org. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  4. ^ Qari Muhammad Tayyib. Human Being: A Distinguished Creature (PDF). Translated by Maulana Muhammad Javaid Qasmi. Hujjat al-Islam Academy, Darul Uloom Waqf, Deoband. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  5. ^ Qari Muhammad Tayyib. The Maslak of Ulama of Deoband (PDF). Translated by Mufti Afzal Hoosen Elias. Zam Zam Publishers. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  6. ^ Qari Muhammad Tayyib. Islam and Sectarianism (PDF). Translated by Maulana Javaid Qasmi. Hujjat al-Islam Academy, Darul Uloom Waqf, Deoband. Retrieved 31 May 2019.