Qashqai language

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Qaşqay dili
Native to Iran
Region Fars , Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari , Isfahan
Ethnicity Qashqai
Native speakers
1.5 million (1997)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 qxq
Glottolog qash1240[2]
Linguasphere part of 44-AAB-a

Qashqai (also spelled Ghashghai, Ghashghayi, Qašqāʾī, [3] [4] Qashqa'i, and Qashqayi) is a Southern Oghuz or Western Oghuz Turkic language spoken by the Qashqai people, an ethnic group living mainly in the Fars region of Iran. In the Encyclopaedia Iranica Qashqai is also regarded as an independent third group of dialects within the southwestern Turkic languages.[5] It is known to speakers as Turki.[6] Estimates of the number of Qashqai speakers vary. Ethnologue gives a figure of 1.5 million.[1] The Qashqai language is closely related to Azerbaijani, and some linguists consider it to be a dialect of that language.

Like the Azeri language in Iran, Qashqai uses the Persian modification of the Arabic script.


  1. ^ a b Qashqai at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Qashqa'i". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Qašqāʾī tribal confederacy: Language at Encyclopædia Iranica, by Michael Knüppel
  4. ^ Azeri Turkish at Encyclopædia Iranica, by Gerhard Doerfer
  5. ^ "QAŠQĀʾI TRIBAL CONFEDERACY ii. LANGUAGE". In: Encyclopaedia Iranica. Retrieved 13 May 2015. 
  6. ^ Qašqāʾi Tribal Confederacy, Encyclopaedia Iranica