Juan Crespí described an old abandoned village at Refugio when he passed by in 1769 ... apparently resettled by 1776 ... occupied until its inhabitants were recruited into the mission system. The village was situated on the Pacific coast, near an ocean bluff slightly to the east of the current Refugio State Beach.
Qasil may have been used as an important trading point and port for the neighboring Chumash people of Santa Cruz Island. The village was also connected to the Santa Ynez Valley further inland by a trail which may have been used to transport trading items. Some evidence has been found to indicate that the village was a center for boat-building. Remains of boats have also been found at Qasil's site.
The settlement was known to be inhabited until 1796 when it had a reported population of 142. Shortly afterward, the villagers were "recruited" in Indian Reductions into the local Christian mission and displaced from their land.
- Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas
- Native American history of California
- Rock art of the Chumash people
- Lynn H. Gamble (2008), The Chumash world at European contact: power, trade, and feasting among complex hunter-gatherers, University of California Press, ISBN 0-520-25441-4,
... Crespi described an old abandoned village at Refugio when he passed by in 1769 ... apparently resettled by 1776 ... occupied until its inhabitants were recruited into the mission system ...
- Richard B. Applegate, California State University, San Jose (1974), "Chumash Placenames", The Journal of California Anthropology, retrieved 2009-08-31,
... qasil, a village at EI Refugio, said to mean 'beautiful' in the Dos Pueblos dialect ...